How to master the skills of learning Mandarin?

Mandarin is now a common language in China, it is particularly important to master Putonghua, whether it is to test university or employment, there will be no harm. The university grasps the Putonghua, may obtain the Putonghua certificate, after the employment may many choices, also may better communicate with the person.

How to master the skills of learning Mandarin?

1, first of all, we learn Mandarin, need to master Yin and yang up this tone, master this, is the basis of all tones.

2, second, we can buy an entry-level broadcast host or Mandarin-related books, when reading books, we have to master good phonetic pronunciation, this is the basis of Putonghua.

3, we must practice pronunciation, vowel letters, Yin and Yang up tone. Maintain the morning practice every day for an hour, to maintain the correct mouth type and pronunciation basis, conditional can be recorded, look at the pronunciation of the mouth.

4, to collect some twisters, short essays, daily newspapers can learn news broadcast broadcast, these can practice every day to take the time to exercise, to maintain the correct posture and pronunciation, you can master a fluent Mandarin.

5, Mandarin mastered in place, there will be great benefits, college entrance examination will be extra points, but also in school to host some related campus activities, exercise their stage ability. After employment, you have a fluent Mandarin, you can better communicate with others, speech can be more impressive, it is easy to close relations with others.

Precautions

Pay attention to Z/C/S these flat-tongued sounds

Note the pronunciation of N and L

Note the pronunciation of EN, CH, SH

How to obtain a Putonghua certificate?

Now many people want to be engaged in the profession of teachers, and when the premise of the teacher is through Putonghua proficiency test, to obtain a Putonghua certificate. Again to the two-year Putonghua test, let me tell you how to obtain a Putonghua certificate ~

How to obtain a Putonghua certificate?

1. Now the test of putonghua is carried out on the computer, so it is sure to use the computer.

2, the day of the examination you can go to the examination room early, because if you go early, the teacher will give you a seat, you can finish early (anyway, our school is such a drop ~) before the test, you will go to a classroom to wait for the test, each of the seats have a piece of paper, which is basically your exam content, At this time you can take out the mobile phone to search for some of the knowledge you need, of course, into the room will have to turn off the machine!

3, enter the computer room, the first Test sound, because the volume will affect the radio, and then affect the test results, if the test fails to wait for the teacher to arrange a new exam.

4, the following into the formal examination of the link, divided into four parts. The first part is to read the monosyllabic word 100, limited to 3 minutes. Objective to investigate the pronunciation of Mandarin initials, vowels and pinyin tones of the candidates.

5, the second part is to read the two-syllable words 50, limited to 3 minutes. The purpose is to test the vocal, rhyme, tune pronunciation, but also to examine Shang modulation, retroflex rhyme and the pronunciation of the tone.

6, the third part is 400 words read aloud, limited to 4 minutes. The aim is to examine the ability of candidates to read aloud written materials in Mandarin, and to focus on pronunciation and intonation.

7, the fourth part is free to play: Speak, the time is not less than 3 minutes. The purpose of this study is to examine the standard of the candidates who speak Putonghua without words. After the final part of the exam, the exam is over. Wait a while to get a Putonghua certificate ~

Precautions

Do not speed too fast, too fast, the microphone record is not clear, affect the results.

When the last free play, it is best not to have “er, ah, that” these words, it will affect the results.

How to learn Mandarin is the most efficient?

1. Correct imitation

① Professional Mandarin teachers interactive demonstration imitation, teaching counseling (even if several times, once the targeted counseling).

② Formal Mandarin pronunciation teaching materials (must be equipped with audio recordings only): My compilation and publication of “Practical Putonghua Proficiency Test and Eloquence Improvement” “Putonghua Pronunciation Accomplished – Literacy Express Train” “Putonghua Training Test Guide”, Dah Sing Hua Bookstores and Online “Dangdang ” ” excellent “for sale.

Online Mandarin learning resources

④ CCTV, CNN News Network, the whole point of news and excellent drama, movies, storytelling, etc. – learning resources without spending money.

⑤ Recording, video and other audio-visual electronic materials (MP3, CD-ROM, tapes, etc.) – Putonghua teaching and reading, reading, stories, comic dialogue, essays, singing, Allegro, storytelling, Xinhua Bookstore purchase.

2. Knowledge guidance

Learn practical mandarin pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.

3. Repeated practice

① familiar with standard pronunciation, back some famous masterpiece;

② actively attends reading readings, speech debates, storytelling, Allegro, crosstalk, singing, drama, broadcasting, hosting and other language arts training and activities.

③ as much as possible daily use of Mandarin.

Note: The necessary prerequisite for learning recitation and broadcasting is the standard of Putonghua pronunciation. Do not have to learn the pronunciation is eager to repeatedly practice the content of the text, or the pronunciation of mistakes will be consolidated as difficult to correct the stubborn disease.

4. Form habits

① To speak mandarin in as many occasions as possible;

② Talk to yourself — think in mandarin.

③ Please check the new edition (xinhua dictionary) and (modern Chinese dictionary)

How to learn Mandarin pronunciation

How to distinguish nasal “l ” and laterals “n” in Mandarin?

How to practise Mandarin?

How to distinguish between flat-tongues and flip-tongues in Mandarin

How to learn mandarin well

Mandarin pronunciation skills

How to improve the level of putonghua

Mandarin tone what are the characteristics

What is mandarin

How to face the mandarin test easily?

A lot of people in the process of the test of putonghua proficiency test, because of the poor mental state, can not play their own standard of putonghua, leaving many regrets. For example: read the words and misread the words that are already familiar; Stuttering, repetition and omission in reading articles; There is no train of thought in the speech, think a sentence, say to stop, always also be not enough “long three minutes”. Therefore, how to adjust the state of mind, easy to take the examination, becomes the examinee must face a difficult problem. The author provides some simple and practical methods to discuss with you and hope to help overcome this problem.

First, the earnest preparation

The basic reason for the stress of the examinees is that the preparation is not sufficient and the psychology is not sufficient. The only way to overcome this mental state is to focus on your putonghua and take advantage of every opportunity to learn mandarin. With sufficient strength, confidence is there, tension is naturally eliminated.

Second, Adjust the atmosphere and take the exam easily

The specific approach is:

1, to find a chance to understand the whole process of Putonghua proficiency test, make the appropriate preparations; do not because of a link and the expected situation is inconsistent to make their own confused when confused.

2, with a calm attitude to the subject of the lottery, do not have to take chances, that pumping the sign they want will be extraordinary play. In fact, the difficulty of each sign of the difference is not large, the key is to prepare a comprehensive, well-prepared.

3, after entering the test room to find a chance and testers say a few words, reasonable and justified “sets of near.” Relaxing yourself and adjusting the atmosphere so that the test is conducted in a relaxed and enjoyable atmosphere is something that both the tester and the test taker are happy to do.

4, the test center devoted himself, do not stare at the testers of the old written – testers pen look, you are nervous, why torture yourself so. Of course, when you are not allowed to take a few words, it is permissible to look at the testers’ reflections and correct them in time Do not have to be so.

5, finished measuring the left test room, with the testers say “thank you”, and then calmly from the examination room. What should be done, what can be regrettable?

Third, the use of rules to reduce errors

1. When you read a word, if you find that you misread it, don’t give it up easily. You can correct it by rule. When you read a double word, if there is one word you don’t know, don’t read the whole word. Each syllable of the two-tone word is scored independently, and you can get one word for each word.

Half a point.

2. When you read an article, you will find that a word is misread or missed.

3. Talk about things you are familiar with and don’t have to try to find out whether the sentences are beautiful or not. Don’t look at your watch all the time. Worry about three minutes.

In the whole test, each test content has corresponding test rules, and the examinees should fully grasp these rules before testing to avoid unnecessary mistakes. The proportion of reading and speaking is larger, which is also an easy test for people to lose points. In future discussions, these two items will be the main topics.

How to practise Mandarin?

Mandarin is China’s Mandarin. How do you practice Putonghua? I will share with you my thoughts today and hope to help everyone.

Several ways to practice mandarin

1, multi-purpose communication with others in Mandarin

In fact, learning Mandarin is the same as learning English, but also needs the environment. You may as well in the life each occasion use the more pure Putonghua and other people exchanges and the communication, such your Putonghua level, can unceasingly improve.

2, Watch more TV, especially CCTV news

The standard mandarin for CCTV hosts is the most standard. After you watch TV, learn more about their putonghua pronunciation and the speed of putonghua.

Watch TV Dramas Learn Chinese

3, can learn crazy English method, shout it out loud

You can get up every morning and find a place where nobody can cut open (playground, park, etc.), find some beautiful prose, read it aloud, and it is also a good choice.

4, You can also go online and buy some putonghua books to learn mandarin.

5, you can also participate in some speech contest, but also to improve their Mandarin a better way.

6, You can also find some of these videos to learn Mandarin.

Mandarin tone what are the characteristics

Chinese character practical teaching method

Chinese oral English practice

Reading Chinese Learning method

Foreigners learn Chinese textbooks

Mandarin pronunciation skills

How to learn mandarin well

How to learn Mandarin pronunciation

Is mandarin equal to Beijing dialect?

Some people think that mandarin is Beijing dialect, such as “does she speak mandarin“, also can say “she would say Beijing dialect”, that is to Beijing dialect with mandarin as a thing, this is the wrong understanding.

In fact, strictly speaking, “Putonghua” does not mean “Beijing dialect”.

The comic master Hou Baolin vividly pointed out the difference between Putonghua and Beijing dialect in this comic dialog (Putonghua and dialect). Mandarin is a common language of the Han nationality, while Beijing dialect is just one of many dialects. Mandarin was developed on the basis of Beijing dialect and rose to a higher level after becoming a national common language. Putonghua is defined as “the standard pronunciation of Beijing speech to the North dialect as the basic dialect, a model of modern vernacular writings as a grammatical norms.” Generally speaking, this definition is to regulate Putonghua from three aspects: voice, vocabulary and grammar. Putonghua “Beijing Voice as Standard Voice” refers to the standard pronunciation of Beijing phonetic system, ie the initials, vowels and tone systems of Beijing dialect, not the native dialects of Peking dialect; meanwhile, the Putonghua vocabulary does not include Peking dialect Some of the local dialect.

What is mandarin

Foreigners learn Chinese textbooks

How to learn mandarin well

The direct and indirect methods of learning Chinese

Generally speaking, when learning Chinese, the methods we adopt can be divided into two kinds: direct method and indirect method. So, what is the direct method and what is the indirect method? The so-called “direct method” is not to use the medium language, the method that USES Chinese direct class. When foreigners come to China to study, work and live, they often use the “direct method” to learn Chinese. In contrast, the “indirect method” is the way to teach Chinese in the medium language. For example, students in Europe and the United States use English, Japanese and Korean students to teach in Korean.

The direct and indirect methods of learning Chinese

So, which is better, direct or indirect? Are there many people who think that direct method is the best way to learn a foreign language? Let’s do a comparison.

Advantages and disadvantages of direct method

The most prominent advantage of direct method is “fast”. Because there is no media intervention, so you can quickly respond, quick response. Another advantage is that it is more natural. Because it is less affected by the mother tongue, it is less likely that mistakes will occur. In other words, “Chinese thinking” to respond quickly and deal with problems. This ability at first glance will make people feel very difficult, in fact, as long as a lot of practice, with a larger vocabulary, anyone can do.

Looking at the above advantages, we do not think that the direct method is very powerful? In fact, this method has its drawbacks. The biggest drawback is that once you leave the Chinese language environment, Chinese ability will quickly degenerate. There are many students back to their country, every day to lament their Chinese degradation. Another disadvantage is the lack of theoretical thinking when it comes to difficult expressions.

Chinese character practical teaching method

Chinese oral English practice

Reading Chinese Learning method

Foreigners learn Chinese: ten must learn grammar

The ten teaching methods of hanyu pinyin

What is the use of learning Chinese grammar?

The advantages and disadvantages of the indirect method

In contrast to the direct method, indirect law, because to do a complicated step in the mind, is to first translate Chinese into their own mother tongue, and then translated into Chinese, so, in the face of high difficulty expression, can be more logical, rational expression. In addition, the memory of vocabulary, grammar is through their own mother tongue to remember, so the Chinese degradation will be relatively slow.

The disadvantage of this method is also obvious, that is, the reaction is relatively slow. If it is interpretation, it is not as a direct method to learn Chinese people. But if after a long period of intensive study, the reaction speed can also be improved. Another disadvantage is that there will be more errors. Because of the influence of the mother tongue, so unconsciously, will follow the mother tongue of the thinking of Chinese.

The above describes the advantages and disadvantages of the two methods, then how should foreigners choose? I think, in the choice of time, the first thing to consider is the frequency of their own use of Chinese. If you only use Chinese occasionally, you can use the indirect method of slow degradation to learn. Conversely, if the use of high frequency, it is best to use the direct method to learn Chinese!

Teach old people the skills of learning Chinese

It is believed that every Chinese teacher will encounter such a group in teaching, which is the elderly who learn Chinese. This group has its own characteristics, most of them don’t need to test, just out of interest, or the love of Chinese culture, their initiative is strong, but often not confident about their abilities, sometimes the elderly people’s self-esteem, easy to put does not open, they experience at the same time, always like to ask some deep cultural problems, sometimes to the enthusiasm, still have to test you, embarrass you a little.

First of all, the most important thing to teach the elderly to learn Chinese is to take into account their self-esteem, to teach slowly, more patience, after all, they have less memory and reaction speed than young people, although this is true, but we have to do is not to let them feel that this is a fact.

What is the use of learning Chinese grammar?

What textbooks do you need to learn Chinese?

How do middle-aged people learn Hanyu Pinyin?

Four problems to be overcome when foreigners learn Chinese

How to learn Chinese through Chinese songs?

Foreigners learn Chinese: ten must learn grammar

Watch TV Dramas Learn Chinese

Foreigners learn Chinese textbooks

Why do foreigners like to learn Chinese?

Second, the ordinary learning tasks we can reduce the difficulty, can read as far as possible do not ask for the back, can fight to try not to write, as they are a little small progress, they are particularly concerned about them and praise them, This is very important for maintaining the confidence of the elderly in learning Chinese.

Thirdly, many elderly people learn Chinese because they want to understand Chinese culture. Then we will prepare more teaching plans for Chinese culture, or many people specialize in some aspects, such as studying Wushu, traditional Chinese painting, history, Tang poetry and so on, then we have to prepare the relevant information and learn with them, in short, let them have the greatest achievement, which is to encourage them to continue learning. Sometimes the market teaching materials may not be able to fully meet the learning needs of older students, teachers in accordance with the Chinese language level of older students and motivation to learn to arrange their own textbooks, pay attention to practicality.

Finally, one-on-one courses can be flexibly adjusted according to the characteristics of the elderly, but there are more restrictions on class classes. Teachers must take everyone’s feelings into consideration when going to work and class. The young students Older students can not ignore it. They can pick up some challenging questions for young people to answer when they ask questions in the class. Instead, they choose some relatively simple questions for the elderly to answer. In the group discussion, they try to make young people and the elderly interspersed with arrangements Do not drop the elderly and make progress together.

In fact, they are the most intelligent people, and sometimes I learn from them far more than I taught them, and they are very serious, live to learn the old spirit has been infected me, encouraged me, I believe that as long as teachers have a serious teaching attitude, with equal respect of the mentality to treat this group of lovely old people, can get their approval!

How to teach foreigners to learn Chinese

In recent years, foreigners have become increasingly enthusiastic about learning Chinese. Especially after the Beijing Olympic Games and the Shanghai world expo, many businessmen, tourists and international students have stepped into our country. Then we have how to teach foreigners Chinese?

From what aspects to teach foreigners to learn Chinese, we must first understand the purpose of this student learning. Is to go to China for short-term travel? Long-term work? Or want to learn Chinese? According to the different purposes of teaching content, and whether to learn Pinyin, whether to learn writing.

Pronunciation, there are professional books on the pronunciation of each of the parts, pronunciation methods, such as the tongue placed in what position, the impact of air currents and so on.

As for the teaching plan, we need to tailor it according to the students’ situation. There is no one ready.

There are many books, but good and bad, have to look carefully selected. Some books are textbooks of the Hanban planning in China, which have the sign of “Hanban” and should be better. However, they did not dare to say anything if they did not read it because there are also various economic interests, backdoors and other factors The interference, who knows?

Westerners learn Chinese is a common problem is the tone of the more muddled, even if the University of English translation of the Western teachers, Chinese is strong enough, can speak Chinese or strange accent. I thought of some ways to correct it, and found that it was more effective:

From the students have learned the Chinese word, and in each tone to find a very familiar, can pronounce accurate, very commonly used words, as a representative. For example: 1, guo 2, wo 3, zhong 4. shi, when they read the other words, think about the corresponding “tone representative”, imitate this tune to pronounce. This is indeed effective.

After summing up the teaching of foreigners to learn Chinese has the following points:

一: know what industry this foreign country is engaged in.

二. Learn about the foreigner’s learning of Chinese.

三. Selection of Chinese teaching materials.

四. Teachers’ teaching methods and methods, temporary strain capacity, etc.

What is the use of learning Chinese grammar?

To answer this question, two wrong ideas must be criticized first:

One is the theory of grammatical uselessness.

The second is the theory of universal grammar.

The former think grammar is useless, do not need to learn. The ancients did not learn grammar, but also write good articles, I have not learned grammar today, still write books.

The latter is the opposite, that the grammar is too important, do not learn grammar to write bad articles.

Either way, neither attitude is comprehensive, it can only be a bias. The former reason is that everyone can talk and speak with their own grammar. But talking is not always good. In particular, the written language is not a colloquial language, it is required to be improved, and there can be no grammatical errors, and punctuation is not allowed to be wrong. Especially Chinese teachers, it is not necessary to learn grammar well. If you don’t learn grammar well, you will not be able to parse the language well and correct the grammatical mistakes in your composition, nor can you analyze the long sentences and difficult sentences in the text. They forget that chairman MAO has repeatedly referred to the teachings of grammar, rhetoric and logic. Every middle school student in Europe has to pass strict grammar teaching and training to get a diploma.

On the other hand, grammar (grammar) is everything, and exaggeration. To write a good essay, the first is to have the correct political thought, logical thinking, clear organization, historical knowledge and rich social experience. In the end, we should pay attention to grammar and rhetoric. But do not use the grammar death formula, also do not use the dead grammar rules to find fault, to find a sick sentence. Because, language disease is mostly in the vocabulary, logic, not all in the grammar.

The right attitude should be:

(1) Chinese grammar is useful and should be learned. Learning more and learning less can vary from person to person.

(2) primary school students can learn less grammar, secondary school students should learn. After graduating from high school to go through rigorous grammar training. Some people say that in ancient times there was no such grammar, or different Chinese and European inflectional grammar, simple grammar do not have to learn … …. This is a sophistry argument.

(3) Chinese language teachers in secondary schools must learn well and individual teachers become experts in Chinese grammar.

(4) the university liberal arts grammar teacher and the liberal arts language professional research worker should be the right language grammar expert.