What do you need to do to learn mandarin?

In interpersonal communication, if you speak fluent mandarin, it will not only be twice as effective, but also convenient for communication. How to learn mandarin well?

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Chinese phonetic alphabet, mandarin book.

What do you need to do to learn mandarin?

1. Breath control training

Chest and abdomen combined breathing method, (1) slow sucking slow breath (2) fast inhale slowly, daily standing practice, the voice is rich in elasticity, durable, will have a continuous supply of vocal cord air supply.

2.Start from scratch

You can borrow a first-grade Chinese book, start with the pronunciation of letters, practice carefully, and read every letter.

3. The difference between anterior nasal and posterior nasal sounds, tongue and tongue. To distinguish the pronunciation of z zh c ch s sh r in ing en eng on ong

4.Overcome psychological barriers

Mandarin is not difficult to learn, and it is difficult to adjust and improve the mental state. Many students are afraid of being ugly when they learn mandarin, or fear the difficulties of long hours of training, which often slow progress. In response to this situation, we need to adjust our mental state in a timely manner, let go of psychological baggage, and speak boldly.

5.Speak tongue twisters

Careful practice of tongue twisters can make the mind more flexible, easy to use, articulate and articulate, and have a great effect on improving mandarin.

6.Find a good friend in putonghua and ask him to correct himself

Matters needing attention

Dare to speak

Is mandarin equal to Beijing dialect?

Some people think that mandarin is Beijing dialect, such as “does she speak mandarin“, also can say “she would say Beijing dialect”, that is to Beijing dialect with mandarin as a thing, this is the wrong understanding.

In fact, strictly speaking, “Putonghua” does not mean “Beijing dialect”.

The comic master Hou Baolin vividly pointed out the difference between Putonghua and Beijing dialect in this comic dialog (Putonghua and dialect). Mandarin is a common language of the Han nationality, while Beijing dialect is just one of many dialects. Mandarin was developed on the basis of Beijing dialect and rose to a higher level after becoming a national common language. Putonghua is defined as “the standard pronunciation of Beijing speech to the North dialect as the basic dialect, a model of modern vernacular writings as a grammatical norms.” Generally speaking, this definition is to regulate Putonghua from three aspects: voice, vocabulary and grammar. Putonghua “Beijing Voice as Standard Voice” refers to the standard pronunciation of Beijing phonetic system, ie the initials, vowels and tone systems of Beijing dialect, not the native dialects of Peking dialect; meanwhile, the Putonghua vocabulary does not include Peking dialect Some of the local dialect.

What is mandarin

Foreigners learn Chinese textbooks

How to learn mandarin well

Watch TV Dramas Learn Chinese

With the development of China’s communication industry, more and more Chinese films and TV series are broadcast abroad. This is a very good thing for those who learn Chinese. See more movies, TV series can quickly improve the Chinese language skills.

Personally think that, compared to movies, TV series is more conducive to learning Chinese.

The movie is about two hours before you get used to the lines of the characters in the series. But the drama is different. Generally speaking, the length of a Chinese TV series is 45 minutes. In this way, 20 episodes are 900 minutes, so there is enough time for you to get familiar with each person and gradually understand that they are speaking very well interesting.

Due to the high volume of the TV series, the rich conversational amount is excellent for learning Chinese. There may be a lot of people saying I can’t understand their lines. This is normal, even if your Chinese level is close to the Chinese people, there must be some things you don’t understand. Watching TV drama sometimes requires more than just language, but also includes many other things, such as historical knowledge, literary knowledge and many daily phrases, phrases and phrases. So don’t lose heart if you can’t understand the TV series. Many Chinese people, especially those who use Internet slang, are also aware of it. If your Chinese is not very good, then my advice is, please watch the subtitles or the dubbing version of your country. In this way, the content of the TV series will be printed in your mind, and it will be easier to know what they are talking about when you look at it.

In addition, this kind of learning method is practice listening practice, so the small part doesn’t have to mind very much.

Next, I’d like to introduce some of my favorite TV series recently

Chinese divorce

Although the name of the TV show is “Chinese”, it is only a story about divorce.

From the point of view of the TV series, the actors, especially the actress, are acting so well that they feel that if they are married to a wife, they will die. From the perspective of Chinese learning, the characters’ pronunciation is clear, and there are appropriate idioms in the lines.

“House Gate”

This drama tells the story of a big family from the late Qing Dynasty to the founding of New China.

Starring Chen Baoguo acting superior, although the story is a bit heavy, but he moderately humorous acting makes people feel very comfortable. In addition, the description of the characters in the play is very good. Extremely vividly describes the character of Chinese people. This TV series as a learning tool to use, it does have difficulty, but for understanding the modern history of China but it has a great role. So, good Chinese foreign friends can try to challenge.

Mandarin pronunciation skills

First, the definition of Mandarin

The Beijing dialect is the standard pronunciation, the northern dialect is the basic dialect, and the typical modern vernacular Chinese dialect is the common grammar of the Han nationality.

Second, Mandarin voice system

Mainly include the initials, vowels, tone, syllables, as well as tone, softly, melodious, intonation and so on.

Third, common voice defects

1, consonants pronunciation parts not accurate enough, such as Alice is not in place, there is no nasal or no edge sound and so on.

2, vowel pronunciation defects mostly combined mouth call, pinch mouth mouth roundness lip is not enough, the opening of mouth opening is not enough.

3, the transfer value was significantly lower or higher.

4, the third sound (on the sound) is not accurate tone change.

5, basically no soft, children Yun.

Fourth, oral exercises (to strengthen the intensity and flexibility)

(1) lip: spray, blanket, write, around

(2) tongue: stretch, bomb, scratch, top, turn

(3) Cheek: buckle (teeth), shrink (tongue), flex (lip) Practice words: Shan Mingshui Xiu, bright eyes, Zhang Wang Zhao, renamed surname, good weather, strong military strong

Fifth, the pronunciation of three elements:

Excuse me

li zi (opened up rounded full)

Gui Yin (trend clear and clean)

Pay attention to voice pronunciation. Deep breathing, exhale evenly, with gas with sound.

Vocal cord protection approach: singing massage, do not always drink moisturizing throat.

Six, initials correct

1, flat tongue initials and Alice tongue Mandarin speakers in the tongue than the flat tongue consonants of the word to be much more, Alice tongue consonants accounted for 70% of the total balance of the tongue, so to remember more flat tongue initials word.

2, flat tongue (tongue tip anterior): z c s (tongue upward incisors contact) made zàozuò Self-esteem zìzūn ancestors zǔzōng From this cóngcǐ guess cāicè Promote cuīcù litigation sùsòng Thinking sīsuǒ Loose sōngsàn

3, Alice tongue (tongue tip sound): zh ch sh r (tip of the tongue into the front of the hard palate) War zhànzhēng True zhēnzhēng Stop zhìzhǐ Chi Cheng chíchěng Spot checks chōuchá Overproduction chāochǎn Holy shénshèng Fact shìshí Comfort shūshì Still réngrán Weak ruǎnruò Forbearance rěnràng

4, nasal: n (tongue against the lower back, the formation of obstruction; soft palate drooping, open the nasal passages; airflow at the same time to reach the mouth and nasal cavity, but obstructed in the mouth, the gas flow from the nasal cavity into sound.

Example word: Cow nǎiníu Angry nǎonù Tolerant néngnài Muddy nínìng

5, remember the commonly used N initials (less in Mandarin)

(1) By analogy: That is, South, Brain, Nepalese, Nirvana, Pinch, Ning, Agriculture, Twist, Nu and Connaught, Cowardice

(2) can not be analogized: birds, cattle, warm, to be able to, trouble, male, female, take, tired, urine, grind, hungry, difficult, year, mother

6, edge sound:

L (the tip of the tongue and the upper part of the gingival contact, so that the mouth of the middle of the channel obstruction; soft palate up, close the nasal passages; air flow from both sides of the tongue and cheeks inside the formation of the gap through)

Example words: Rally lālì List luóliè Fluency líulì Take turns lúnlíu

7, distinguish h f

Mostly mix f into h. The emphasis of resolution is on the memory of commonly used words.

As if – trance happened – Peanut public – union rice – Baohuan

How to improve the level of putonghua

If you are already learning Mandarin, then for you, the next thing to do is: Practice! Practice!

1, slow down the speed of speech. Say every word pay attention to their own questions such as Alice, practice correction;

2, hard. Yes, please force to speak, many times before and after we did not divide the tongue into wrong, it is because the tongue and mouth too lazy, did not develop a good habit of speaking. So, for the correct pronunciation must be full force hair full, do not be afraid of tired;

3, say less. Say less to say less when speaking wrongly say less, unless you can force and slow down the speed of pronunciation, or less, please say less to reduce the consolidation of false habits;

4, learn more. Really, met the words are not allowed, take the trouble to turn the dictionary more than remember to buy the latest version of the dictionary oh!

Mandarin tone what are the characteristics

Mandarin voice has distinct characteristics:

1. Syllable structure is simple, loud voice. Mandarin, a syllable up to only four phonemes, of which pronounced vowels dominant, is an integral part of the general syllable. A few vowels (up to three) can appear consecutively in a syllable, such as f (bad), but there is no complex consonant in Mandarin syllables, ie no English lightning (lightning). Russian Встреца (met) as a few consonants connected together phenomenon.

2. syllables clearly defined, strong rhythm. Chinese syllables are generally composed of consonants, vowels, and tones. The consonants are in front of the consonants, followed by the consonants followed by a tone that runs through the entire syllable, thus having a distinct syllable limit. From the point of view of phoneme analysis, consonants and vowels appear regularly and spaced apart from each other, giving the feeling of getting started again and again, making it very easy to segment the syllables.

3. Tonal cadence, full of music 6 Mandarin tone changes in the level of high and low, high, Yang, turn, drop distinctly, sounds like music sounds as good.

Where do foreigners learn Chinese most difficult?

1. Pitch

A lot of people can distinguish between one two and three noises, alone no problem at all, one that will be out of balance urgently, and often a wrong word a few wrong string. Especially since many foreigners’ Chinese were taught by Taiwanese teachers before. Some of the original words and the whole sentence at the end of the sentence were a bit weird, and if the tone was unbalanced, it would feel like yin and yang.

2. Tense

Inflectional language like German is to use the deformation of the verb to reflect the tense, adhesive language with time to mention the word. However, modern Chinese does not have this “tense” of Western linguistics, but “aspect.” Chinese often uses words that represent time or grammatical aids to present tense. For example, today, yesterday, afternoon, just /, in, and so on.

When: I am eating;

Past tense: I have eaten;

In the past: I saw him at meal time yesterday.

I use the tense to give an example of a typical difference between inflectional and analytic language, because this is a better understanding for the Chinese, the difference embodied in Chinese and English is more obvious. Modern Chinese as a typical analytic language has no inflectional form, one two three four / the main grid, by the grid, grid, grid is exactly the same, and English and even French, Italian changes in morphology and verb form Has been greatly simplified, may not be able to realize the difference (for example, English has been simplified to now only the third person singular plus s this change).

3. Passive

Some passive situations in Chinese can be used to take the initiative to say that this is really a mistake for some very open friends, I see it once.

This building was built in 1867 / this building was built in 1867, will not say that this building was built in 1867.

4 complement

Anyway, is also some analysis of language pit, such as many foreigners tend to fill the head of the complement is the package, come, go, go up, down, back up, come out, come back, go down these verbs to indicate the movement direction, and tend to Complement and the central language without “too”

Come over, put in, take it out, go home, run home.

And some tend to use the verb extension, for example

Calm down for a long time;

He slowly strong up.

Let some friends a head two big.

Why do foreigners like to learn Chinese?

In the face of China’s “Belt and Road” media interview, Luodianofu, director of the Oriental Department of St. Petersburg State University in Russia, said in a fluent Chinese language: “Our Chinese major here is very popular because of the particularly good employment situation. Parents of students think that learning Chinese well is equivalent to having a ‘iron rice bowl.’ Indeed, as the ‘Chinese fever’ is popular in Russia, Chinese are gaining popularity in the local job market.

The Spanish middle class believes that in the next 30 years China will become a world power and must allow its children to learn Chinese and make Chinese friends.

Learning purpose in order to find a good way out

When talking about why you choose to learn Chinese and come to China to study, most of the students answered surprisingly the same way. They learned pure Chinese, accumulated their learning and practical experience in China, and returned home to find a job easily.

Anna, a French student, said that China plays an important role in the international arena. Employers in Europe attach great importance to people who speak Chinese. The versatile Anna organized and participated in a number of art performances during her study abroad. She hopes she will be involved in performing arts after graduation, and she will do cross-cultural exchange-related work.

Sasha, a Russian student at Beijing Language and Culture University, said: “In Russia, there are so many people who are learning Chinese nowadays and they mainly want to find employment in business and government. In the field of Sinology in Russia, more needs to be done in China People who have studied. ”

David, a former Russian student at Tsinghua University who once became a “net red” in China, regarded himself as a sinologist. Like David, in order to study abroad and enter the local Sinology Research Institute, Sasha after graduating from undergraduate and continue to study master’s degree, specializing in Chinese poetry and literature.

In fact, the most attractive job for foreign students in China is economic and trade. With the gradual development of the “Belt and Road Initiative,” the most important thing for people along the routes is the business opportunities with China.

“I like to work in a trading company and later I want to start my own business as a business facing China,” said Han Mu, an Iranian student. Under the ideal impetus, Han Mu came to study at Beijing University of Technology two years ago and chose Chinese trade major. He said, “In addition to learning Chinese, I have to learn specialized courses such as international trade and marketing. I’d better have an opportunity to practice in a Chinese company and prepare for my future development.”

Talent gap university into a wave

In recent years, the Chinese economy has been developing continuously. At the same time, the Chinese government has actively promoted international exchange and cooperation and invested heavily in the construction of a number of projects in Central Asia, Africa and South America. Large Chinese enterprises such as PetroChina, Huawei, Bank of China, etc. Also have to invest abroad, to achieve cooperation with local enterprises; many companies set up factories abroad, subsidiaries, offices and other agencies. At the same time, more and more Chinese people go abroad for tourism and sightseeing. This has added a huge number of jobs to foreign countries, stimulated the demand of Chinese talents in the local job market and stimulated the enthusiasm of local people to learn Chinese.

In some areas, the enrollment of Confucius Institutes has expanded and expanded. Chinese teachers also showed a shortage of supply. Some private Chinese teaching institutions came into being. In addition to hiring Chinese teachers in China, these institutions also employ local people with a high level of Chinese proficiency and Chinese culture to undertake teaching tasks.

Japanese girl Nagai Keiko had studied in China, after graduation, she worked in a Chinese language teaching institute in Tokyo. The teaching institution comes from China and opened a branch in Tokyo. Keiko Keisuke said: “Now that the cooperation between Chinese and Japanese enterprises is very frequent, the system for sending personnel is getting more and more perfect. Many people have to be sent to work in China and they will choose to attend classes here.” Chinese can give them jobs and lives “Speaking of his own career history, Keiko said frankly that she was able to increase her competitiveness in Chinese. The experience of studying in China also allowed her to gain the trust and attention from her work units.

In a big tourism country such as Thailand, Chinese nationals are also increasingly required to meet Chinese tourists. Local government, airports, hotels and travel agencies are also increasingly requiring Chinese language proficiency. The standard for examining candidates’ Chinese proficiency is the HSK scores and certificates. It is reported that after the completion of the prescribed tourism Chinese course, students of the tourism management major in Thailand must also pass a certain level of HSK examinations before they can obtain the tour guide card inscribed by the government. This phenomenon makes Thai students keen to participate in all kinds of Chinese tests, in addition to HSK, HSKK, BCT and so on, in order to find a good employment after graduation way out, Targeted at the demand-driven job market, more and more foreigners catch up with the bus to learn Chinese. To them, Chinese ability has become a real “stepping stone” for employment.

Under the trend of globalization, multilingual talents play an important role in government cooperation, economy, trade and cultural exchange. For foreigners, Chinese is an important part of this “multilingualism.” However, in addition to improving Chinese proficiency, people also need to focus on developing their professional skills. As Han and Anna did, training themselves in learning and practice will not only meet the needs of their work units but also give full play to themselves The ability and value.

What is mandarin

Putonghua is modern standard Chinese, also known as Mandarin, Chinese, refers to the common language spoken in mainland China and Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, overseas Chinese, for modern Chinese common oral and written language. Putonghua is based on the syntax of modern northern Chinese and Beijing dialect, and is the official language of the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan as a standard language of official, teaching and media. Mandarin is one of the four official languages of the Republic of Singapore. The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Common Language and Written Language establishes the legal status of “common national languages” (unofficial languages) of both Mandarin and normative Chinese.

 Mandarin question and answer

1. Which year is Putonghua written into the “Constitution of the People’s Republic of China?

A: In 1982, the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China: “National Promotion of Putonghua in China”.

2. “National General Language Law” is from which year promulgated and implemented?

A: Promulgated on October 31, 2000 and implemented on January 1, 2001.

3. “National General Language Law” provides what the state promote, what to do?

A: The promotion of Putonghua, the promotion of standardized Chinese characters.

4. What is the common language of the country?

A: Mandarin and standard Chinese characters.

5. What is Mandarin?

A: Putonghua is based on the standard pronunciation of Beijing dialect. The dialect is based on the northern dialect and the modern Chinese dialect of the model is the common language of modern Han nationality.

6. What is the standard Chinese characters?

A: The standardized Chinese characters refer to the simplified, simplified words and simplified Chinese characters that have been simplified and formally published by the state in the form of word lists.

7, Putonghua level test grade standard points which three six?

A: A first-class, first-class B; two first-class, two second-class; three first-class, third-class B and so on. 1. The national legal basis for popularizing Putonghua and promoting the standardization of Chinese characters is the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China and the Law of the People’s Republic of China on General Language and Characters.