What is conjunctions

What is conjunctions

Conjunctions are conjunctions and words, phrases and phrases or sentences and sentences, that some kind of logical relationship between the function words. Conjunctions can be table tied, to undertake, transition, causal, choice, hypothesis, comparison, concessions and other relations.

Function: Connect function words

Said the relationship: tied, to undertake, turning point, causal

Juxtaposed conjunction conjunction: and, with, with, both, with, and, the situation, Moreover, not to mention, and so on.

Undertake the relation conjunctions: then, that is, then, then, then, then, as mentioned, in addition, like, for example, general, for example, then wait.

However, however, just, just, however, as, caused, unexpectedly, do not know and so on.

Consequential conjunction: the original, because, because, so, so, so, so.

Choose relational conjunction: or, or, or, also, non … ie, not … is, etc.

Suppose the relationship between the conjunctions: if, if, if, if, unless, if, if, if, if, for example.

It is better, if, like, it seems, equals; worse, worse than;

Concession relations Conjunctions: Although, of course, though, even then, even so.

Progressive conjunction conjunctions: Not only, but also, not to mention, and, and so on.

CONDITIONAL CONDITIONS Conjunctions: Regardless, as long as, unless.

The purpose of conjunction Conjunctions: so, so, to avoid, in order to wait.

Idioms also have the use of conjunctions, such as: Ning Que do not abuse, think twice, good whole time

Conjunctions are more than adverbs, prepositions of the more virtual word category, it is used to connect words, phrases, clauses and sentence groups and paragraphs, with pure connectivity, no modification, nor as a sentence component.

In general, there are many conjunctions developed from adverbs, prepositions; many adverbs, prepositions are from the development of the verbs.

These conjunctions are characterized by four aspects:

First, part-time staff to share ─ ─ precision.

Second, the synonym competition ─ ─ single.

Third, shaped person replacement ─ ─ popularization.

Fourth, the same type of self-elimination ─ ─ pure shape.

Early Antiquity, conjunctions few, only “and, and, then, but, but its” more than a dozen

By the time of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the conjunctions gradually increased, and the term part-time job was gradually divided into different parts and labor and the usage began to be fixed.

After the Middle Ages, the division and sharing of posts is obvious.

After the decline and development of modern Chinese language, the connotation of the conjunctions has become fine and has become a conjunctive use of modern Chinese.

In ancient times, one word took more than one term, some had multiple meanings, changed later in the Middle Ages, especially in modern Chinese. The change was made by synonymous competition and synonymous substitution. The result of change was “post Share “, from a plurality of meaning words into multiple words.

After the part-time division of labor, the various parts of their duties, and some do not serve as conjunctions duties, such as “for.” In this way, the position of the word and the word itself are clear and precise, which is the essential process of language development.

Conjunctions special exercises

(A) word fill in the blank

A 和 B 跟 C 与 D 同 E 及

1.张老师昨天_____丈夫一起去商场买东西了。

2.你想了解公司的新产品_____其销售情况吗?

3.我已经_____老师请假了。

4.孩子_____妈妈一起去医院看病去了。

5.家庭_____健康是我们一生最重要的东西。

A 或者 B 还是 C 而 D 而且 E 并

1.你们去_____不去?

2.是美国队赢了_____英国队赢了?

3.你明天来______后天来都行。

4.因为失败______放弃是不应该的。

5.这种商品不仅质量不错,______价钱便宜。

(B) choose the correct explanation

1.“关于这个问题,我要跟他解释一下”。解释这个问题是()

A 我和他 B 我 C 他 D 别人 E 不知道

2.“小王和小张今天都没有来”。今天没来的人是()

A 小王和小张 B 小王 C 小张 D 别人 E 不知道

3.“我和他说了半天,他还是不明白”。说话的人是()

A 我和他 B 我 C 他 D 别人 E 不知道

4.“他跟我讲了他们国家很多有趣的故事”。讲故事的人是()

A 我和他 B 我 C 他 D 别人 E 不知道

(C) modeled on sentences to rewrite sentences

例:A:这本字典是我的

B:那本语法书是我的

这本字典和那本语法书都是我的

1.A:明天上午我们有课。B:明天下午我们有课。

____________________________

2.A:你坐火车来的吗? B:你坐飞机来的吗?

____________________________

3.A:你坐7路车可以到博物馆。 B:你坐10路车也可以到博物馆。

____________________________

4.A:明天的会议你去参加也可以。 B:明天的会议我去参加也可以。

____________________________

5.A:他把笔和纸准备好。 B:他认真地写起来。

____________________________

(D) correct the wrong statement

1.中午,我吃饭和喝茶。

____________________________

2.她漂亮和聪明。

____________________________

3.我去工作,为交学费和为买衣服。

____________________________

4.他的勤奋而聪明都是大家知道的。

____________________________

5.我们的生活快乐并幸福。

____________________________

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is a preposition

What is a preposition

Prepositions, prepositions in Chinese grammar is a word or affix used to express the grammatical function of a word. Generally used in the noun, pronoun or noun nature of the phrase before, and these words combined to form a prepositional structure, to show where, time, status, manner, reason, purpose, comparison of words.

Grammatical Features of Prepositions

(1) Represents the grammar meaning of time, place, method, object, etc. Such as:

(From) beginning tomorrow (indicating time);

(Press) the principle of service (representation); (to) the job done (that object).

(2) The structure of the mediator mainly serves as adverbial modifier verbs or adjectives. Such as “down from the car” “higher than him.” Some mediation structures can be used as attributives, but “” such as “evaluation of historical figures” and “books on the table” should be added. A few mediator structures can act as complement, such as “work late into the night” and “sleep in bed.” Mesh structure can not be predicate.

(3) “To, to, from, to, give, from” and so on can be directly attached to the verb or other words to form a whole, the equivalent of a verb. Such as “fall on me” “toward the twenty-first century” “depends on your test scores” “courage to practice” “went to the destination” “dedicated to the people” “from New York.”

Classification of prepositions

(1) said the time and place: from since the fight to go in as the forward direction along with

(2) means: in accordance with the basis in accordance with the basis of the pass by virtue of

(3) said the purpose: for the sake of

(4) That reason: Because of because of

(5) said the object, scope: for the right to follow with the same to

(6) Rejected: except in addition to remove unless

(7) Passive: Called to give

(8) said: comparison and with the same

The preposition in the “with, over” is a morpheme, not a dynamic particle.

Differences between prepositions and verbs

Most of the prepositions in modern Chinese evolved from ancient Chinese, and some of the words have both prepositions and verbs [1]. Such as “in, for, than, to, to, toward, through, through” and so on.

Who is he for everyone? (verb)

We serve the people. (preposition)

The school’s door is facing south. (verb)

The school’s door is open to the south. (preposition)

Today we are better than tricks. (verb)

You are stronger than him. (preposition)

The plan passed. (verb)

By learning, we raise our awareness. (preposition)

The difference between the two is:

(1) The verb can affirmatively negate the overlapping, indicating that the preposition can not.

He is not in the dormitory (verb)

He wrote a few words on the blackboard. (“In” preposition, can not be changed to “not in”)

(2) Are there other verbs before and after “X + Bin”? If there is another verb, “X” is a preposition; if there is no other verb, “X” is a verb. Such as: the train arrived. (verb)

The train arrived at eleven o’clock. (preposition)

He is in the dorm (verb)

He lives in dormitory. (preposition)

He lives in a dormitory. (preposition)

(3) Most of the verbs can take the dynamic auxiliary word “the”, preposition can not.

The car passed the Bayi Bridge. (verb)

After careful consideration, he decided to go to Xinjiang. (preposition)

He gave me a book. (verb)

He bought me a book. (preposition)

Prepositions special exercises

(A) choose the correct answer

1.现在_____考试结束还有半个小时。

A 自 B 自从 C 从来 D 在 E 离

2._____明年这个时候起,我就要开始上大学了。

A 自从 B 从 C 给 D 在 E 到

3.新西兰_____中国很远。

A 到 B 自从 C 从来 D 离 E 到

4.新疆_____古以来就是中国的一部分。

A 自从 B 自 C 从 D 在 E 给

5.这句话出_____《读者》这本书的一篇文章。

A 从 B 自从 C 从来 D 离 E 自

(B) with “in”, “to” or “give” to fill in the blank

1.我们每天都_________食堂吃饭。

2.昨天晚上我学习学_________十一点多。

3.阿曼常常_________纳莎买礼物。

4.十九年前我出生_________中国的一个小城市。

5.我的钥匙丢了,找了半天也没找到_________。

(C) imitation sentence

1.自从父母离婚后,他就一直和奶奶住。

自从_________后,_________。

2.开会时间定在后天上午。

_________在_________。

3.在同学们的鼓励下,我参加了汉语桥比赛。

在_________下,_________。

4.自从在中国留学以来,他每年都能获得奖学金。

自从_________以来,_________。

5.我的家乡离乌鲁木齐不太远。

_________离_________。

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is an adverb

What is an adverb

The adverb is a Chinese word, the basic meaning refers to a class to modify the verb, the equivalent of English verb or strengthen the phrase or phrase to describe the whole sentence, is used to modify, limit verbs or adjectives, that time, frequency, range, tone , Degree and so on.

In general, after a word (usually an attributive) is added to the subject or object in the Chinese, the adjective of adverbialization is added “Ground” to an adverbial word, followed by “Got it” Some people who have a clear grammatical code of practice simply because they are homophones of “”, “Got it” and “Ground” in Putonghua and are hard for the average person to scrutinize. Therefore, the difference is generally not always done. However, since these three words have different pronunciations in some Chinese languages ​​(such as Cantonese), most of Cantonese can distinguish the usage of these three words precisely based on the usual pragmatic habits.

Examples of sentences modified with adverbs:

“A very small worm easily got into that cave,” with adverbs very and easily, small adjectives, pests, penetrating verbs, and cave locations.

Words used in some questions, such as how, who, when, what and so on can also be regarded as adverbs in some ways.

Adverb function

A.Declaration: Very, absolute, extreme, very, most, top, too, more, extreme, exceptionally, exceptionally, always, only …

B. Indicates the range: also, all, total, total, total, total, all, again, only, only, light, all …

C. Said the time and frequency: already, once, already, just, positive, is, will, will, will, had, just, just …

D. Positive, negative: no, no, no, no, no (甭), must, must, sure, sure, no, do not …

E. Means modality, way: Suddenly, suddenly, blatantly, deliberately, personally, wantonly, wantonly ……

F. tone: Is it, the decision, Qi, anyway, maybe, about, probably, sure enough, actually, actually, after all …

G. Place of Presentation: Home, Here, There, Everywhere, Upstairs, Downstairs, Anywhere, Anywhere, Abroad, Elsewhere …

Adverbs, semantics and usage of the same subclass are not necessarily the same, and some differences are quite significant. Therefore, the use of similar adverbs are notable differences in usage: for example, “all, only” are said range, but “all” means all inclusive, generally sum it up in front of the words, and “only” means to limit it, limit it The range of words behind. E.g

“All the students in Chinese (1), (2), (3) and (4) went and only the students in Chinese (5) did not go.”

The target of “all” in this sentence is the former classmate of “Chinese (1), (2), (3) and (4)” and the “only” Class classmates. ” Of course, “all” in the interrogative sentence can also limit the following words.

E.g:

In the United States so many years, where have you been?

What are you ordering?

The situation is complicated even if it is the same generalization of the words in front of it. such as:

I have read these books. (“All” in front of it “these books”)

We have read this book. (“All” in front of it “we”)

We have seen these books. (Disambiguation is ambiguous. “Both” can sum up the “books” and “us” in front of it, or just one of “these books” and “us” before it.)

Adverbs need to pay attention to the semantic orientation of adverbs. Different semantic orientation, often cause ambiguity, need to be carefully distinguished.

For example: The Deputy Prime Minister met respectively with representatives of two business groups and some local journalists.

“Separately” points to “meeting of two business groups” A total of three times, pointing to “representatives of two business groups and some local journalists”. There are two meetings in total. Of course, in a certain context, ambiguity can often be eliminated by itself.

The same is true “go”, “do not go” is the speaker on their own wishes. “Not going” means that this behavior has not yet become a reality. “Do not go” is to prohibit and discourage others’ behavior.

Another example, “still” and “more” can indicate the degree, but “more” comparison can be implied. Try to compare:

My pen is not as good as that one.

My pen is not as good as that one.

The first sentence is the two comparisons (this and that); the last sentence is the three comparisons, which is equal to saying “(This pen is not as good as you). The contents of [] are implied. “He was really late” and “he was actually late” is a different preset, the preamble of the previous sentence is “he will be late,” the latter sentence is “he will not be late.”

The classification of adverbs is roughly rough, and some adverbs are used in many ways, such as “also, only, then, but also …” Although it is the same adverb, it may belong to different subcategories.

Try “to” as an example.

“I’ll go in a while”: “Just” means things will happen soon, table time;

“He does not listen to you, what can you do”: “on” that tone, the equivalent of “partial.”

Look again “still”:

“How else”: “Still” that tone, “what” meaning.

Visible, what an adverb actually mean, often must fully understand the context of sentences.

Grammatical features

(1) Adverbs can be used as adverbs. Degree adverb “very, very” can also be used as complement.

E.g:

He ordered Wang to pour water immediately. (Table time)

Cow baby 〔〕 〔〕 〔〕 〔〕 very strong. (Addition of adjective predicates from three perspectives of time, scope and degree respectively)

“Very” as a complement, the first plus “too” as “terrible.” “Polar” as a complement to add “behind”, such as “extremely sad.”

As an adverbial one-tone two-tone adverbs can precede the predicate center after the subject, some of the two-tone adverbs can be placed before the subject, for example: “Maybe she has come halfway.Does this product will be welcome ? “,” Already “,” still “modify the predicate in the sentence,” maybe “,” is it “is the first adverbial modifier sentence. The two expressions pragmatic occasions.

It is noteworthy that in the sentence, there are some adverbs can be used to modify the predicate can also be used to modify the nominal composition. There are not many adverbs used to modify the noun subject, such as “just, only, only, light, single” and so on, indicating that the scope of people or things should be limited. For example: “Only these few brands are excellent, which one do you want?” (To limit the brand’s range); “I am unlucky today” (to limit the range of people); “there are more than a dozen cars in light cars” The range of sedans); “it is enough for only this reason.” The phrase “only, right, good, only, probably, already, but, near, exactly” modifies the quantitative phrases, which can be used in a variety of syntactic constructs, such as “exactly thirty days have elapsed; A guy came dozens; nearly 40 people trapped underground; spent eight hours; got married for six years; did not find a job on four people. ” This adverb is used to indicate the speaker’s view of quantity, and the things described in such sentences have become factual.

(2) Adverbs generally can not be said alone, strong attachment, only “no, do not, no, right away, maybe, probably, a little” and so on in the ellipsis can be said alone. E.g:

“How’s the taste?” Can answer “good” or “very good,” but can not say “very”.

“When does it start?” “Right now.” “Are you going?” “No, I do not go.”

(3) some adverbs can play a role in both. Used singly, used in pairs, for example:

1) Single use: say it again, do not fight to leave, say it clearly, go or not, it makes no sense

2) Combination: white and fat, impartial, more busy and chaotic, deaf and dumb, neither good nor bad to not

3) Use with conjunctions:

Not only … but also … only … since … then … unless … if … then … even … also … though …

“White”, “straight” and so are homomorphic. These words are adjectives when modifying nouns, modifiers, adjectives are adverbs.

To distinguish between adjectives / adverbs

White shoes (table nature)

White busy for a while (white is equal to empty, table mode)

Straight line (table nature)

Pain straight cry (equal to always, table time)

Face is very light (the nature of the table)

Do not eat light (equal to only, the scope of the table)

Two “white”, “strange”, “old”, “net”, “straight” and so on are the same word, but they are two types of words. Because of their different semantic and grammatical meanings, they have lost their connection , Should be considered homophones, not adjectives and adverbs.

The difference between homophone homomorphism and homogamy lies in the fact that homonyms are not only different in function but also semantically far apart, and that homosexuality is merely a functionally different one and has a relatively close semantic relationship.

Adjectives can only do adverbial adjectives can also do attributives, complements, predicates: any predicate, the predicate center, but also for attributive or complement is the adjective, otherwise it is adverb,

E.g:

“Accidental / sudden discovery”

“It’s a coincidental / sudden incident.”

“Accidentally / suddenly heard”. So, “suddenly,” “accidental” is an adjective.

Only “Suddenly / Occasionally”. There is no “sudden / occasional discovery,” “This incident is very sudden / occasional.” So, “suddenly”, “occasionally” is an adverb.

“No” (no) is an adverb and a verb, and is a kind of category. The difference between the verbs “no”, “no” and the adverbs “no” and “no” is that they are used as adverbs before predicates (verbs and adjectives) and verbs before body words (nouns and pronouns).

E.g:

I’ve never seen such a scene before. (Negative actions or traits have occurred or exist, is an adverb, so that when used as an adverb)

No guns, no guns, no enemy to us. (“No” to negate the existence of things or possession of things, then the verb, predicate center)

No investigation, no right to speak. (The former “no” adverb, the latter “no” verb)

Analysis of Time Adverbs and Time Nouns

Time adverbs and time nouns can be used as adverbs, all of which represent the concept of time. The difference between the two is:

① time nouns can be the subject, object and attribute, time adverbs can only be adverbial.

E.g:

Yesterday I have checked three times now. (Time noun for adverbial)

He has just returned from the United States. (Adverbs of time adverbial)

The teacher is going to lecture in Hong Kong. (Adverbs of time adverbial)

② time noun can be preposition “before”, adverbs before time can not add “in”.

E.g:

Just – just yesterday – in the future yesterday – in the future at the moment – at the moment

Will – be about to be – on being suddenly – on a sudden occasionally – on occasion

Adverb formulas

Adverbs modified dynamic and shape, extent and time.

Whether or not to estimate and modality, tone frequency usage whole.

Slightly not all are partial, just just forever,

Had been unexpectedly, will be just happened by chance,

Gradually finally suddenly, is it time and time again,

May have to be very, most very immediately,

The more often the total very often, often not be repeated.

When added to the name of the name, before the name can add vice.

Before after the name will not work alone can not answer.

Adverbs special exercises

(A) choose the correct answer

1.屋子( )乱了,快收拾一下吧。

A 很 B 非常 C 太 D 真 E 好

2.在中国,我跟中国人讲话的机会( )多。

A 真 B 很 C 太 D 挺 E 也

3.这是一部( )有意思的电影。

A 真 B 很 C 太 D 大 E 在

4.你说的话( )有道理啊!

A 真 B 大 C 太 D 再 E 着

5.孩子们玩得( )开心的。

A 挺 B 很 C 太 D 真 E 非常

(B) use “a little” or “a little” to fill in the blank

1.我去买_____________吃的吧。

2.这个学生笨了_____________。

3.你来得_____________早了。

4.不知道为什么,我总是_____________担心。

5.照相的时候高兴_____________。

6.第一次上讲堂,她_____________紧张。

(C) fill in the empty words

有点儿 极 一下 太 越来越

(1)孩子们_____________喜欢这里了!

(2)现在的孩子幸福_____________了!

(3)我很累,得稍稍休息_____________了!

(4)这道菜稍微_____________辣!

(5)这对双胞胎长得_____________像他们的妈妈了。

(D) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1.今天比昨天很热。

_____________

2.他越来说越快。

_____________

3.我今天非常吃饭。

_____________

4.这孩子真可爱,小脸非常圆圆的。

_____________

5.我越解释他越来生气。

_____________

(E) conjunctions into sentences

1.喀纳斯 风景 新疆 极了 的 美

_____________

2.衣服 合适 这件 的 挺

_____________

3.他的 在 个子 高 最 我们班

_____________

4.他 太 大盘鸡 辣 了 做的

_____________

5.他是 有意思 一个 的 特别 人

_____________

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is an adjective?

What is an adjective

Adjectives, one of the main part of speech in many languages. Adjectives are mainly used to describe or modify nouns or pronouns, indicating the nature, status, characteristics or attributes of a person or thing. They are often used as an attributive language, and can also be used as an adjective, complement, or adverb.

Category: A part of speech

Role: modified noun or pronoun

Grammar concept

Grammar is the law of the organization of the language, anyone in the use of language, regardless of whether he has learned grammar, but must be grammatically. In addition, summarizing the rules of grammar itself can also deepen our understanding of the language, so that we can really skilled use of language. Grammar is a non-trivial part of trying to master the standard English. As far as adjectives are concerned, it is also an indispensable part of English grammar.

Chinese adjectives

Adjective: that the shape of things, nature and status. Such as “big, tall, serious, vivid, beautiful, shrewd, cute, cold, junior, advanced, simple and complex.”

Chinese usage

(1) The nature of adjectives generally can be “not” and “very” modification. Such as “not big, big, not vivid, very vivid.” A few state adjectives are not “not” and “very” modification, if not say “no cold, very cold, not white, very white, not primary, very junior.”

(2) can be modified nouns, often as predicate or attribute. Such as “big eyes, tall buildings, cold sour plum, junior title.”

(3) Some adjectives can overlap. Such as “big, long, tall.”

(4) can not bring object.

A, Monosyllable adjectives overlap the form of “AA”, such as “big, tall, short, thin.” Such overlapping modifier verbs that enhance the degree of modification of the noun not only did not strengthen the meaning, but said the degree of weakening, that a slight degree. E.g:

Greatly shorten the distance (to enhance the degree)

Big eyes (weaker than “big eyes”)

Hold high (to enhance the degree)

Tall children (weaker than “tall children”)

B, two-syllable adjective overlap Generally enhance the degree that there are three formats:

A, AABB:

Mouth sound intermittent mighty happily happy clean

Loose loose dense dense cold come and go

The generous and polite people are always talking and laughing exactly

The square is down to earth in a down-to-earth manner

Is it right or wrong Sommelier Smythe only whether or not happy

All kinds of clank outstanding white fat one after another

Eloquent shedding trembling gingerly honestly secretive

Clean nag nagging Loli indifferent clear and swallowed

The generous and polite people are always talking and laughing exactly

B, A Lane AB: AB here is limited to some contain derogatory adjectives, after the overlap that both said to enhance the degree, but also that disgusting feelings. Such as: small curiosity in the mobs panicky mess confused Mary sloppy

C, ABAB: AB here is limited to some two-syllable adjectives with morphemes representing degree. Such as:

Cold and cool snow white and white flushed straight straight green and green bluish red

C, overlap belongs to the vivid form of adjectives. Adjective vivid forms include monosyllabic adjectives A plus two-syllable or multi-syllable suffix in addition to overlap.

A, A + two-syllable suffix: This suffix is ​​generally superimposed. Such as:

Warm and crisp, heavy, shy, shiny

Heavy white swarthy dark swirling dark brown crumpled

Bright clank grinning soothe the bumpy wet sobbing

Red glowing twilight Mang misty Ying Yingying Liang Jing Can Solitary crystal

Plush chubby a cluster of green yellow Huang Chengcheng bright red

Light twinkling oil almost smooth black oil slimy dirty crumpled

Loose collapsed piers Pier pier meat thin skinny skinny skinny hi hi happy Zi Zizi

Happy red happy music and leisurely Tao Tao Zao Zizi white flowers Ying Ying

Huang Cheng-Ming green oil Ming Jiantang Jiao Diaoren heavy tears

B, A + multi-syllable suffix, such as:

Black not slippery autumn goose bearded stupid stupid stupid grumble

The vivid forms of adjectives are not modified by “no” or “very”. If you do not say “not slow, not clean, not the old angry, not living, not gray not slippery autumn, very slowly, very clean, very old and veteran, very lively, very gray not slippery autumn.”

Chinese adjective classification

From the functional point of view adjectives can be divided into ordinary adjectives and non-adjectives.

(1) Common adjectives: Can serve as a predicate, most can be “not” and “very” modification.

(2) non-essential adjectives: The difference with ordinary adjectives mainly lies in: can not act as a predicate, can not be “not” and “very” modification. Common non-essential adjectives such as:

Male and female male and female single large primary large number of large chronic new

The main high-speed brand-name high-frequency maritime streamlined multi-national unilateral jet

Some non-essential adjectives use very narrow, only as part of scientific and technical terms, such as “high-frequency radio, side blowing converter.”

Semantically, adjectives can be divided into the nature of adjectives and state adjectives. Nature Adjectives represent attributes,

Such as “red, yellow, big, small, soft, hard, great, ordinary, beautiful.” State adjectives with obvious descriptive,

Including all the vivid forms of adjectives, such as “fragrant, cold, red, generous, cold, straight hook

Hook, silly joker. ”

Differences between adjectives and verbs

(1) common ground

A, can use “no” modification: “do not go, not high”

B, can be predicate: “He is gone, this tree is very tall”

C, positive negation stack: “do not go away, high not high”

(2) Differences

Ordinary adjectives (hereinafter simply called “adjectives”) can be modified by “very” and verbs can not generally be modified by “very”. If you can say “very tall and very beautiful,” it can not be said that “it is very, very learning.”

Most verbally active verbs can be “very” modified, which is the same as adjectives;

Different from adjectives. Such as “love (him), admire (teacher Chen), very understanding (situation)”.

An adjective is a word that indicates a character or state, is modifiable to an adverb of degree, and can not carry an object. E.g:

The size of the long-long all good straightaway

Rugged vague outstanding smart young snow white straight vivid fixed equality

Shining shining green water Lingling red Tongtong bright chubby hair almost careless

Black does not slippery autumn honest honest black turn dark gray it Baidaohui not slippery autumn sweet not silk round lumber winter

Adjective characteristics

1, the grammatical characteristics of adjectives

① adjective grammatical function

Adjectives in the sentence mainly serve as an attributive and predicate. E.g:

Attributive: tree red sun young waiters full moonlight full face thick waist

As the predicate: the conduct is correct Discourse concise description vivid language subtle attitude euphemism point of view obsolete

Adjectives generally can not bring objects, but some of the nature of adjectives also said that dynamic, with some of the characteristics of verbs, you can bring objects. With the object, it becomes a “verb”. Such adjectives that can carry an object belong to the category of both adjective and verb functions. E.g:

The cadres of the pure party are the top priorities. (“Pure” was originally an adjective, with the object “party” as a verb)

This move has greatly facilitated people’s lives. (“Convenience” was originally an adjective, plus the object “mass life” as a verb)

Some monosyllabic adjectives plus “bad” and “dead” may be followed by objects, which are generally limited to spoken use, but should not be counted as adjectives. Therefore, these words are not typed terms either. E.g:

Exhausted me, sour, smelled, smelled, smelled, smelled, smelled

② degree adverbs can be modified

Most adjectives of nature can be modified by the degree adverbs “very”, “too” and so on.

E.g:

Long – long / too long – very early / too early sweet – very sweet / too sweet

Few – Few / Too few – Very good / Too short – Very short / too short

Excellent – very good / very good smart – very smart / too smart

Note: Overlapping nature adjectives are not modified by degree adverbs. E.g:

Sweet – * Very sweet / * Too sweet and well – * Very good / * Too good

Slowly – * Very slowly / * Too slow and high – * Very high / * Too high

Adjectives of state are not modified by degree adverbs. E.g:

White – * very white / * too white snow straight – * very straight / * too straight

Dark – * Very dark / * Too dark black paint – * Very cold / * Too cold

③ overlapping forms of adjectives

Most of the monosyllabic adjectives can overlap, and the overlapping form is “AA” (“AA” or “AA”).

E.g:

Long – long fast – fast

Slow – slowly deep – deep light – light sweet – sweet

The double-syllable nature of the superposition of adjectives is “AABB” (“AABB” or “AABB”).

E.g:

Very happy – very happy and neat – neat and beautiful – very beautiful

The state of the double syllable adjective overlap is “ABAB”. E.g:

Straight – Straight straight white snow – white snow white bright red – bright red

Blue – blue azure fragrance – fragrant spray golden – golden yellow

Ⅳ Some two-syllable adjectives can also overlap by the way of “AB in A”.

E.g:

Long-winded – Hello, long-winded panic – panic in the panic

Cheesy – vulgar cheesy – Mali sloppy

But there are also many disyllable adjectives that can not overlap. E.g:

Erudition – Etiquette Enthusiastically / * Eruhism Students – – vivid / vivid

Brightly – * Bright and clear / * Obviously quick and subjective – * Subjective subjective / * Subjective view

④ available positive negative questions.

E.g:

Cold – cold not big – big big circle – round not round high – not high

Two-syllable adjectives certainly negative There are two ways to ask questions:

Clear – clearly not sure about happiness – not happy about happiness – glad to be upset

– Clear not clear – Fortunately, not happy – unhappy

Clear – Clearly not strong – Strong [FS: PAGE] Not strong – Not specific

– not clear – not strong – not specific

Active – take the initiative to not active tension – nervous tension is not fixed – fixed not fixed

– The Lord does not take the initiative – is not nervous – is not fixed

2, the type of adjectives

According to the grammatical characteristics of adjectives and their meaning, adjectives can be divided into two types: nature adjectives and state adjectives.

① nature of adjectives

Adjectives of nature are adjectives that denote properties or attributes.

Monosyllabic nature Adjective:

Good or bad size, cold and heat, slow and sour

Disyllable nature Adjective:

Great Brave Strong Gentle Gentle Ambiguous Excellent Smart Young Lively

Subjective and active fixed feudal feudal concrete implied solid plain simple and clean

Nature adjectives generally overlap or add “ground” to modify the verb. E.g:

Proudly smiled flatly looking at the wall slowly sit up

A few adjectives of nature can be used as adverbs to modify verbs, such as “walking slowly” and “honestly speaking.”

The nature of adjectives as a predicate contains the meaning of comparison, often in the sentence corresponding use. E.g:

It’s cold here, it’s hot there.

You are conservative, he is open-minded.

Dry in the north, wet in the south.

Slow Long Short Black White Talented, capable active, active

 Adaptable

Knowledgeable, creative, creative and upright

Kindly knowledgeable

Proficient in a knowledgeable

Big-minded

Well-structured

Loyal

Responsible and responsible

Selfless understanding of the matter

Sincere, shrewd, vibrant, honest, honest, strict

Judgment method

If the word can be preceded by “very”, but can not be followed by the object, it must be adjectives.

Adjective special exercises

(A) Please select the adjective in the sentence

1、这里的环境非常优美。( )

A 优美 B 环境 C 非常 D 这里 E 的

2、漂亮姑娘谁都喜欢。( )

A 喜欢 B 漂亮 C 谁 D 姑娘 E 都

3、我们认真讨论了你的问题。( )

A 我们 B 认真 C 讨论 D 你的 E 问题

4、学生们积极做好了考试前的准备( )

A 学生们 B 积极 C 做 D 考试 E 准备

5、衣服已经洗干净了( )

A 衣服 B 已经 C 洗 D 干净 E 了

(B) choose the correct answer

1.我在课上说得( ),你怎么还是忘了?

A 清楚 B 清楚清楚 C 清清楚楚 D 很清清楚楚 E 清楚楚

2.这次的宣传做得很成功,( )来了不少人。

A 大大小小 B 男男女女 C 高高矮矮 D 多多少少 E 男女

3.我和家人们( )地过了个假期。

A 轻松轻松 B 轻轻松松 C 轻松极了 D 怪轻松 E 轻松松

4.他一句话也没说,脸涨得( )的,走了出去。

A 通红通红 B 通通红红 C 特别通红 D 挺通红 E 通红红

5.前面跑过来一只( )的小狗。

A 雪白 B 很白白 C 非常雪白 D 白 E 雪白白

(C) to complete the dialogue with the form of adjective overlap

1、

A:那里的风景好看吗?

B:很美,有__________的山。还有____________的河。(高、长)

2、

A:这么多的作业什么时候能做完啊!

B__________地做,别着急。(慢)

3、

A:大盘鸡好吃吗?

B:好吃____________的。(香)

4、

A:同学们都在复习吗?

B:对,快考试了,他们都在____________地看书。(认真)

5、

A:你喜欢这只狗吗?

B:它的毛____________的,我喜欢极了。(雪自)

6、

A:这件衣服好看吗?

B:不好看,看起来____________的。(土气)

(D) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1.我有多中国朋友

_______________________

2.他们的学校非常干净。

_______________________

3.玛丽的衣服很漂漂亮亮。

_______________________

4.我们的汉语水平很初级。

_______________________

5.乌鲁木齐的冬天冷不冷吗?

_______________________

(E) conjunctions into sentences

1.碧绿碧绿 湖水 的 这里 的

____________________

2.在 这 吧 凉快凉快 我们 树荫下

____________________

3.哭吧 哭 想 痛痛快快 就 地

____________________

4.在那里 孩子们 地 安安静静 坐着

____________________

5.对 成绩 自己的 满意 很 他

____________________

6.对 他 我 友好 很

____________________

7.美 风景 这里 极了 的

____________________

8.吗 你 明白 了 听

____________________

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is a verb

What is a verb

Generally used to indicate the action or state of the word. Basically, every complete sentence has a verb. To indicate the second action, you can use adjectives, nouns, peering conjunctions, subordinate connectives, or adding clauses.

sudden jump, surprise, raid and other description of the action is a verb.

Chinese grammar that people or things action or a dynamic change. Generally appear in the noun subject or the main clause behind.

Verb grammar system

English Verb Grammar System (English Verb Grammar System)

“Verb”, as the name suggests is that action, a dynamic word. Usually in a sentence will contain the “subject”, predicate, object. Verbs are generally used as predicates.

Chinese verb grammar system (Chinese verb grammar system)

“Verb” means the action, existence, and changing words of people or things, such as walking, laughing, having, watching, writing, flying, falling, protecting, starting to get up, going up.

Chinese verb classification

Verbs are words that express actions, behaviors, mental activities, or changes in existence. E.g:

Expressing Action Behavior: Saying Read and Listen Laughing Take and Fly Run and Eat Sing and Drink Knock Sit and Swipe Stare Kicking and Smelling Criticism Publicity and Defendancy Study, To start, stop, prohibit

Means existence, change, disappearance: at, death, with, equal, occurrence, evolution, development, growth, death, existential, extinction

Mental activity: think, love, hate, fear, miss, plan, like, hope, fear, worry, hate, feel, think

Judge: yes, yes, yes

Yes, yes, yes, yes, yes, willing, willing, dare, want, should, should, with, worth, rather

Come and go and come and go and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and come and go and come and go Out of the Lord, go back, go to the past

Express verbs of development: such as growth, withered, germination, the result, spawning;

According to the verb can bring object, can be divided into transitive and transitive verb two categories.

Grammatical Features of Verbs

1. Some verbs can overlap, meaning “action short” or “try”, which is the representation of tense.

Single syllable verb overlap is: AA

Look – look, think – think

Try – try, talk – talk

Two-syllable verb overlapping form is: ABAB

Learning – Learning to learn, criticizing – Criticizing criticism

Discussion – discussion and discussion, rest – rest and rest

Verbs are more complicated, some need to be explained.

2. The verb “is”

I. “Yes” is used in front of the noun is a verb, this “is” often indicates the subject “equals” or “belongs to what.” For example, “Lu Xun is Zhou Shuren,” “cow is a ruminant,” “he is a car,” “he saved me.” In addition, “This year, people are rich harvest, I am a poor year, closing autumn Did not eat “and so inside” is “is still a verb, as predicate.

II. “Yes” is used in front of verbs and adjectives to indicate affirmation that “true” or “real” means can be regarded as modal adverbs and adverbials such as “I understand”, “he [is] Brave “,” do [that] is good. ”

3. Verb “Have”

“Only” when a verb is used, can not be used as an adverb. E.g:

Excuse me, are there pens here? (Wrong) Excuse me, are there any pens here?

Is Li Guang there? (Wrong) Li Guang is there?

Did Teacher Li teach you? (Wrong) Teacher Li taught you? / Teacher Li once taught you?

Are you injured? (Wrong) Injured?

4. Auxiliary verbs

Aid verbs are verbs that can be put in a “no X no” (dare not) format in the word. Auxiliary verbs can be used as predicates, such as “can not do this,” “completely okay.” However, they are often used as verbs in front of verbs and adjectives, indicating the subjective willingness of the actors and the possibility and necessity of expressing them. For example, “we must [stick to] the principle.” “Spring is coming, and the weather [should] be warmer.”

5. Trend verb

Trend verbs can be used as predicates alone, such as “the moon goes, the sun has not come out.” Also often used in other verbs or adjectives behind the trend. As a complement to the trend, such as “take a book”, “take a book”, “take book.

Grammatical Features of Chinese Verbs

(1) Most can act as a verbal object and can be used as a predicate or predicate center (core), such as “He is coming.” “We love the motherland.”

(2) The verb can be modified by the adverb “不”. Only a few verbs and some willing verbs can add degree adverbs such as “afraid of him”, “like him” and “admire him” .

(3) Can form “V not V” type and bring the object to express questions, such as “do not read the book.”

(4) After the majority of verbs can be with, and, “and so on that dynamic.

(5) Some action behaviors Verbs may overlap, indicating that the number of short movements is small or the time is short or the meaning of trying, relaxing and so on is limited to indicating a sustainable action time. Monosyllabic verb overlap is AA-style, such as “think”, disyllabic verb overlap is ABAB-style, such as “clean sweep.” Some overlapping forms of dynamic object synthesis are AAB-style, such as “walking in the walk.” AA-type overlap often add “look”, said “try” to make the tone ease.

Verb exercises

(A) word fill in the blank

A 毕业 B 生病 C 结婚 D 出发 E 谈话

1.他已经从那个大学( )了。

2.老板和客户正在办公室里( ),你先别进去。

3.小王和小丽谈了很长时间恋爱了,他们什么时候( )?

4.明天你们去爬长城,大概几点( )?

5.大卫今天没来上课,听说他( )了。

(B) verb conjunctions into sentences

1.他以前 我 过 帮助

_________________

2.我们 的话 好好 聊一 聊 有空儿

_________________

3,买的 这件 在哪儿 衣服

_________________

4.服务员 他 住在 九号楼 安排

_________________

5.他没用 就 做完了 所有的 练习 几分钟

_________________

(C) choose the correct answer

1.这个语法很难。老师( )了半天,我也没听懂。

A 写 B 讲 C 看 D 谈 E 告诉

2.这个消息让我( )

A 想得很吃惊 B感到很吃惊 C 看来很吃惊 D想到 E 听起来很吃惊

3.我( )她有点儿不高兴。

A 觉得 B 考虑 C 看 D 听 E 读

4.小张已经结( )婚,大家都知道他的妻子是个美国人。

A 的 B 过 C 了 D 着 E 又

5.她刚从国外回来,很多朋友都( )

A 请客她 B 她请客 C 请她的客 D 她的请客 E 请客她的

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is a quantifier

What is a quantifier?

The usual unit of measure used to denote people, things, or actions is called a quantifier. Such as head, horses, articles and so on. Quantifiers, words or morphemes used in conjunction with or on the nouns that represent countable or measurable objects, are often used to indicate a certain category, and objects assigned to nouns can be shaped accordingly.

Chinese name: Quantifier

Usage: Used after the quantifiers

Named words: that the things of the unit of measurement.

Basic Definition: Usually used to represent people, things or actions

Because a quantifier is a unit of words used to denote a person, thing or action, “one, two pears, three mouths, a teapot,” ” , Kg, bucket, liter, ruler, inch, husband and so on are all used to indicate the different types of people or things. Quantifiers are divided into two categories: quantifier and momentum. Quantitative words that people and things computing unit, such as “a person” in the “one.” Momentum words that the total number of actions and the time of occurrence, such as “see three times” in the “times”, “see three days” in the “days.” Quantifiers quantifiers, but also according to whether the nouns can be divided into two categories: countable nouns, such as people, tables; uncountable nouns, such as sugar, water. In common foreign languages, in general, countable nouns have no quantifiers, and the nouns are followed by countable nouns, such as three dogs. When studying Chinese, foreigners often feel uncomfortable using quantifiers for countable nouns. It is even more difficult for foreigners to use fixed collocations of quantifiers and countable nouns. In all languages ​​around the world, uncountable nouns are used in conjunction with measure words as a unit of measurement. This is a general law of inevitability, for example: a piece of paper, three grams of sugar, two glasses of water, so the focus of linguists Countable nouns quantifiers, a Chinese-specific grammatical phenomenon.

Specialized quantifiers

Means of measurement of things. For example, “Article, root, branch, Zhang, grain, grain, a pair, right, bucket, kilogram, kilometer, mu” and so on. All the above are specific quantifiers. Some classifiers are borrowed from nouns, such as “cylinder (a cylinder of water), dish children (a dish of peanuts), boxes (a box of books)” and so on, this measure is called “borrow quantifiers.”

Temporary quantifiers

Refers to the temporary presence of certain nouns in the position of a quantifier and is used as a unit of measure.

E.g:

A. Two dumplings to bring a bottle of soy sauce.

B. Sat a room, put a thing.

This form generally means somewhere to accommodate something. There are two differences between group a and group b:

1, a group of nouns can be any number, b group nouns generally can only be “one.”

2, b group has emphasized the number of means, a group did not.

Metric noun

The main unit of measurement. For example: kg, ruler, mu, degree and so on.

Common name classifier

It is a measure that applies to most nouns. Including: species, class, some, point four. The word “个” has the universalization tendency, and more and more nouns can be combined with it. However, there are still a lot of nouns that can only be used in their special quantifiers, but not “a”. For example, “movie” can say “a movie” instead of “a movie.” But “paper” can not say “a piece of paper” anyway. “Going to the trip, watching it, doing it once, crying out” in the “times, times, times, field”, said the number of units of action, called the verb.

Dedicated verbs

Including: times, back, times, times, next (children), Dayton, Fan. These verbs have different meanings and have different ability to combine verbs, such as “second” and “next” and verb combinations (ie, most verbs can be combined with them), while “trip” Only with “go” “go” “run” and some other verbal combinations. Tools momentum words

Refers to the situation in the following example: He kicked me. I slapped him. The teacher glared at me “Foot” is a “kick” tool, “slap in the palm” is a “hit” tool, and “eye” is a “stare” tool. Such words are tentatively used to indicate the amount of action. To leave such a language environment, they are just common nouns. This kind of verb can also be called a temporary verb.

Compound quantifiers

The name of the word “driving” “person” and momentum words together, used together as a special unit of measurement is the compound quantifiers. Although the common compound quantifiers are “noun-quantifier + verb-quantifier” in terms of composition, it should be noted that the noun-quantifier is relatively open in general, that is, many quantifiers can be used to form compound quantifiers, Most commonly used to form compound quantifiers. Some compound quantifiers: frequency, number of people, the number of times, the volume, the number of cases, the ship, the Ministry of times, sorties, batches, households, vehicles, station times.

Overlapped

Quantifiers overlap: In addition to quantifying quantifiers, many quantifiers can be used overlappingly. For example: Numeral words: a / pieces / Zhang. Momentum: times / times trip / back.

Another form of superposition of quantifiers is “one + AA” such as “one by one”, “one piece” and “one trip”. The grammatical meanings of this form have the same and different meanings as the above overlapping forms. There are three meanings:

1, said “each one.” Basic with the “AA” overlay.

Example: boys are strong and powerful.

2, said “one by one.” Overlapping forms that indicate such meaning are used as adverbials.

Example: We have to examine it carefully, do not miss it.

3, said “more.”

Example: he called me again and again.

Numeral adjective quantifier

Numeral + adjective + quantifier

Numerals and quantifiers are usually combined directly to jointly modify the noun in quantity. However, in Chinese sometimes an adjective is inserted in the middle between a numeral and a quantifier to form a form of “numeral + adjective + quantifier”. For example: He has a large bag in his hand. The expression of this structure is mainly the emphasis on the amount of size, with some exaggerated meaning. Use should pay attention to the following points:

(1) If the quantifier is a temporary noun, it is easy to insert an adjective.

For example: He ate a bowl of rice at night.

(2) If the quantifier is a specialized quantifier, it is more restricted and should be used with caution.

For example: He carries a large piece of luggage.

(3) The adjectives that can be inserted are limited, and there are a few monosyllable adjectives such as “big, small, thick, thin and long”.

Quantifier special exercises

(A) word fill in the blank

A 句 B 种 C 把 D 封 E 只

1.请你用汉语说一( )话。

2.我家有一( )可爱的小猫。

3.他会说汉语、英语、俄语、哈萨克语,四( )语言。

4.请你把这( )钥匙给我的朋友。

5.办公室里有你的一( )信。

(B) write the correct quantifier

一( )朋友

一( )钥匙

一( )鞋子

一( )花

一( )纸

一( )耳环

打了一( )

去了一( )

(C) choose the correct answer

1.那里发生了一起车祸.一( )人在那观看。

A 位 B 群 C 伙 D 片 E 趟

2.“累死了”几乎成为所有城市人喜欢说的( )话。

A 一下 B 一句 C 一篇 D 一阵 E 一张

3.我每个星期有十二( )课。

A 个 B 次 C 节 D 门 E 种

4.我们学校旁边有一( )银行。

A 所 B 家 C 间 D 套 E 台

5.这个问题我说了( )。

A 一次次 B 一遍遍 C 遍遍 D 一遍又一遍 E 次次

(D) quantifiers conjunctions into sentences

1.这部 两遍 电影 我 看了

____________________

2.我们 礼物 为您 一份 准备了

____________________

3.这些 一个 比 一个 大 西瓜

____________________

4.我 眼镜 要 买 新 一副

____________________

5.爸爸 一顿 打了 他 生气地

____________________

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is a numeral

What is a numeral?

The number of words is called a number. Numerals fall into two main categories:

1, cardinal words – the number of marked size.

Example: one, eleven, ten, one hundred, one thousand, million

2, the ordinal number – said the order, ordinal number of the basic representation is the base before the addition of “first.”

Example sentences: The first, the tenth, the one thousand one, the most prominent grammatical features of the nouns can be combined with the quantifiers, combined into a number of phrases.

(A) “to” and “more”

1. Meaning: It means more than the number indicated by the preceding numeral, and it can be “more” than the number of the previous numeral; Used only for integers, “to” more for spoken.

2. Structure:

① nouns (ending in 0) + more / to + quantifiers (various quantifiers) + noun

For example: more than 20 days, more than 50 individuals, more than 30 vehicles, twenty days, fifty to individuals, ten thousand to pieces

② Numerals (1-9 at the end and 10) + quantifiers (continuous) + more / to + noun

For example: more than a month, more than a year, more than three hours, a month, three money, ten hours

3. When the number exceeds “one hundred thousand,” it is generally not in the million, behind the “coming”, but on the front. E.g:

Three hundred and thirty thousand people (wrong) Three hundred and thirty thousand(correct)

twelve hundred million population (correct)

4 “ten” and “more”, “to”

Ten + to / + + quantifiers + nouns

Example:

Ten hours = ten hours

Verb + ten + to / more + quantifiers

Example:

I said more than ten times

He has gone back and forth ten times

Explanation: Continuous measure words such as “kg”, “hour”, “year”, “month”, “day” and so on. The units of such quantifiers are composed of smaller units. Discontinuous quantifiers, can not be divided, such as “a”, “only”, “put” and so on.

(B) “about”, “up and down” and “before and after”

Left and right:

Structure – several words + left and right

Conditions of use one by one that age, date.

When representing the approximate number of time, it can be used not only for the time but also for the time period, but it can not be used after the time noun after the time word is used.

Example:

About five years old (right) about three days (right) around the Spring Festival (wrong)

Time, the number of words that time period, the number of time and place vocabulary, but the time noun

Before and after:

Structure – quantifiers + before and after

Conditions of Use – Used only to indicate time. But only for the time, can not be used for the period.

Example:

Time before and after the Spring Festival (correct) before and after the 10th (correct)

Five months before and after (wrong) three days ago (wrong)

Up and down:

Structure – quantifiers + up and down

Conditions of use – more for age. For age, “up and down” generally applies to adults, while “around” can be used for all ages.

Example:

Up and down fifties (right) Up and down fifties (wrong)

Special exercises

(A) word fill in the blank

A 上下 B 左右 C 多 D 前后 E 来

1.昨天晚上来参加晚会的有三十人(   )。

2.上午早饭(    ),这里几乎没有客人。

3.他看起来五十岁(   )。

4.这个西瓜有4公斤(    )。

5.这些疏菜大概有14(    )斤重。

(B) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1.他写完这本书,左右用了三十年。

_______________________

2.我觉得这个孩子大概九十岁。

_______________________

3.过一二天我就回来了。

_______________________

4.我跟她只见过一两次。没什么印象。

_______________________

5.考试只进行了一半个小时大家就写完了,看来考试很简单。

_______________________

(C) conjunctions into sentences

1.我 只会 一两句 汉语 说

__________________

2.这次  得  三五  天  出差

__________________

3.书店  上个  我去  买了  十来  本书  星期

__________________

4.二十号  就回来了  左右  我

__________________

5.春节  超市里  前后  最  人  多

__________________

(D) use the number to answer the question

1.你爷爷多大年纪了?

__________________

2.你们班有多少人?

__________________

3.这辆自行车多少钱?

__________________

4.一般刚出生的孩子多重?

__________________

5.什么时候去北京旅行最好?

__________________

(E) choose the correct answer

1.周末图书馆看书的人很少,只有(   )

A 十五十六个人 B 十五六个人 C 十五六个左右人

D 十五个十六个人 E 十个五六人

2.他写这篇作文用了一个小时(   )

A 内外 B 左右 C 大概 D 上下 E 前后

3.这次旅行个(   )月就回来了,耽误不了正事。

A 个 B一 C 把 D 半 E 两

4.今天只来了(   )个人上课。

A 七个 B 八个 C 七八个 D 七个八 E 七八

5.以前,北京一般每个家庭都有(   )辆自行车。

A 两 B 二 C 俩 D 两个 E 二个

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

What is a pronoun

What is a pronoun?

Pronouns can replace the real words (real words that things, actions, behaviors, changes, nature, premises, time, etc., different from the function words) and phrases. According to their different functions can be divided into three categories: personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns and interrogative pronouns, the grammatical function and its words are the same.

First, personal pronouns: replace people or things the name of the word

Grammar introduction

Common personal pronouns

Singular – complex

I – us

You, you – you guys

He, she, it – them, them, them

We – let’s

– people, others –

– own, own, oneself –

– Everyone, everybody

Difficulties analysis

1. “People” and “others” can refer to people other than those who speak and obey, and can refer to the singular or the plural. E.g:

Let’s be quiet, people (others) in class!

Others (people) know, why do not you know?

2. “People” can indeed mean someone, but also refer to yourself. E.g:

I like him so much, tell people?

What people want is not this, that is

 (A) personal pronouns and “

1. Personal Pronouns directly modify kinship terms, you can not add “.” E.g:

My mother, his grandpa, your brother

He is my mother’s brother, not my father’s brother (wrong) – he is my mother’s brother, not my father’s brother

2. Personal pronouns modify orientation terms, you can not add “.” E.g:

Beside you, behind him, among us

3. refers to the unit, collective, country and other names, often use plural pronouns, you can not add “.” E.g:

Your company (wrong), my class (wrong), his country (wrong) – your company, our class, their country (right)

 Personal pronouns special exercises

(A) write the singular form

你们 我们 他们 她们 它们

____ ____ ____ ____ ____

 (B) fill in the empty words

A 人家 B 咱们 C 我们 D 别人 E 大伙儿

1.他从来都只关心自己,不关心()。

2,你看()丽丽多努力啊,你也要好好学习。

3.()都想听听你的歌声。

4.你别送了,()走了。

5.楼下有人叫()。看看是准?

(C) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1.我班有15个学生。

______________________

2.你国有多少学生在这里学习?

______________________

3.他小狗很可爱。

______________________

4.这不是大家们的想法。

______________________

5.他们安静点儿.他们正在上课呢。

______________________

(Four) conjunctions into sentences

1.只 有家里 我 和母亲 周末

________________________

2.我们的 不一样 想法 和 你们的

________________________

3.你 是 哪国人 们

________________________

4.孩子 有时候 自己 一个人 喜欢 玩

________________________

5.你 快点儿 找 去 他

________________________

Second, the demonstrative pronoun: refers to or distinguish characters and the situation of the word

(A) “this”, “that”

1, “this”, “that” and non-quantified words

“This”, “That” are used in conjunction with the non-quantified words “Some” and “Something.” Constitute “these,” “those,” “this,”

“That point.”

“These / those” refers to two or more people or things. “This / little bit” means a small amount.

For example: these characters I will write _

What money can buy?

2. “Here (here)”, “There (there)”

“Here (here)” and “There (there)” refer to the more recent and more distant places, “here” and “there” more colloquially.

(B) “each”, “each”

“Every” use features

1, “Every” refers to any one, focusing on the same point of food, said all, often with “are” used in conjunction.

Example: I travel abroad every year.

2, “per” general and nouns to measure words or quantifiers. But each time is used in conjunction with “year”, “day”, “day”, “minute”, “second”, etc. without quantifiers, and “month”, “week”, “hour”, “person” , You can use the quantifier “a”, you can not.

Example: Every day should eat breakfast.

3, you can modify the verb alone, the equivalent of “whenever”, “every time.”

Example: Every time you go, you have to spend 20 yuan.

“Each” use characteristics

1, “each” emphasizes the difference between the things referred to, focusing on the finger, not necessarily all.

Example: each squad leader Qingdao office.

2, “each” can be used alone, can also be used in conjunction with nouns, but there are restrictions. When a noun is a monosyllable, “quantifier” may not be used when there is no quantifier between the “each” and the noun, and the noun is a two-syllable. The quantifiers that can be used with “each” are also limited, including “a”, “species”, “sample”, “class”, “bar”, “bit”, “door”, “item”, ” Community “and so on.

Example: People of all countries want world peace. Xiao Zhang from every school is going to a meeting.

3, can be individually modified verbs, the equivalent of “separate”, “each.”

Example: You both take three books each

Special exercises

Third, pronoun pronoun: the question of the word

Common pronoun:

Asked people – who

Ask things – what, what

Questions and Traits – How, How, and How

Ask the premises – where, where

Ask time – when, how long

Ask the number – how many, how many

 (A) the special usage of interrogative pronouns

1. To express questions, do not ask each other to answer. Sentences have the negative expression of positive meaning; Sentence affirmative means negative. E.g:

Which is what you say? (Not what you say)

How can you do this? (You can not do that)

Why did not you speak earlier? (You should say it earlier)

2 means any means, often constitute “interrogative pronouns + are / also” form. E.g:

Everyone knows this person

I have never been there

I want to eat anything

3. Said the general refers to, often constitute “interrogative pronoun + (on) interrogative pronouns” form. E.g:

What do you like to buy?

Where do you want to go?

You know who is going to whom

4 means false, do not have to explain people or things. E.g:

I seem to see him anywhere

Let’s go out and eat something

Who did you meet when you came in?

Related reading recommended

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What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

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What is a noun

What is a noun

Nouns are people, things, time, place words. According to the specific meaning of words, nouns can be divided into: (a) common nouns; (two) proper nouns; (three) collective nouns; (four) abstract nouns; (five) nouns, space, time nouns, Location words, place words and time words.

The basic usage of nouns are the following:

1, Most nouns can be modified by quantifiers, but proper nouns, time nouns and position nouns are generally not modified by quantity phrases. E.g:

A book, three teachers, a cell phone

2, noun generally can not be adverb modified. E.g:

All students, very young, very Chinese

3, Nouns can be pronouns, adjectives, verbs and various phrases modification, can also be directly modified by another noun. Time words, place words, and locative words also often modify verbs. E.g:

Chinese teacher, my book, lovely children

4, Chinese nouns singular, plural, are the same in form. However, after referring to the person’s nouns, “we” can be added to indicate the majority. If there is a quantifier in front of the noun that represents the person, or there are other words that indicate the majority in the sentence, the noun can not be used after the noun. E.g:

A table, nine Zhang Quanzi, children in, many children (not the same way of expression), ten people (the wrong way of expression)

5, nouns generally can not overlap, but “day”, “month”, “year”, “year”, “home”, “household”, “person” and a few other monosyllable nouns can overlap -AA style, The subject and adverbial; the two syllable words “aspect”, “before and after”, “moment”, “day and night”, “inside and outside”, “generation”, “young”, “male and female” One “or” piece over. ” E.g:

1, Everyone knows this book

2, he went to the hospital every day to see her

First, the application of time noun grammar

1, said the time of the noun is the time noun. For example: afternoon, 2002, ten years, Monday, now, the Spring Festival, the past. It is customary to adopt a twelve-hour system of Chinese oral expressions, often distinguishing twenty-four hours in front of time from “morning,” “noon,” “afternoon,” and “night.”

Time nouns grammar special exercises

(A), find the time noun

1、A 学校 B 汽车 C 商店 D 中午 E 南边

_______________________________

2、A 本子 B 颜色 C 寒假 D 爱人 E 办法

_______________________________

3、A 每天 B 年纪 C 上面 D 中国 E 老师

_______________________________

4、A 北京 B 十点 C 学生 D 老板 E 先生

_______________________________

5、A 三月 B 电脑 C 手机 D 医生 E 价格

_______________________________

(B), conjunctions into sentences

1、3月21号到3月22号 是 节日 一个 很重要的

_______________________________

2、电影 八点 开始 半

_______________________________

3、时候 你 什么 给我 打电话

_______________________________

4、差 一刻 十点 现在

_______________________________

5、六月 今天 一号

_______________________________

(C) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1、现在早上八点钟半了。_____________________

2.他走了一个月前。_____________________

3.他们明天上午去上海。_____________________

4.今天星期三。_____________________

the premises nouns: said the premises of the noun

The term for a place is called a place word, for example: China, near, next door. All the places that special terms, general nouns can do the premises nouns. Common structure: “at + place nouns”, “to ten place nouns”, for example:

I am learning Chinese in China

I went to school

Where is the hospital?

Difficult to explain

Local premises nouns can not add location words. For example: Wrong way of expression

Beijing, China

Location of the noun grammar special exercises

(A) identify the premises nouns

1. A 当时 B 汽车 C 商店 D 南边 E 本子

2. A 颜色 B 中午 C 周围 D 爱人 E 办法

3. A 每天 B 年纪 C 星期 D 教室 E 老师

4. A 超市 B 时间 C 学生 D 老板 E 先生

5. A 三月 B 医生 C 价格 D 天气 E 隔壁

(B) conjunctions into sentences

1.自行车 都 门外 放在

____________________

2.桌子上 在 我的 汉语书

____________________

3.从 跑下来 孩子们 山上

____________________

4.请 不要 大声 说话 在 教室里

____________________

5.他们 学习 在中国 汉语

____________________

(C) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1.他们学习汉语在哈萨克斯坦国立大学。

_________________________

2.他来北京。

_________________________

3.山的风景真漂亮。

_________________________

4.一群男孩子正在踢足球操场上。

_________________________

5.他最近要去上海里。

_________________________

Related reading recommended

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

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What is a numeral

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What is a noun