What is complement?
Complement is supplemented by the complement structure description of the results, degree, tendency, possibility, status, quantity, purpose and other ingredients. Complement and rhetorical complement and complement, between the description and the description of the relationship.
Complement is the associated component of the verb or adjective, supplementing the result, degree, tendency, possibility, status, quantity, etc. of the narrative.
Complement and rhetorical complement and complement, between the description and the description of the relationship.
Complement mainly by the predicative words, number phrases and prepositional phrases to act as.
① predicative words as complement
Adjectives: Good low high fast cooked clear early
Verbs: write to listen to learn to take the push to see go listen
The main predicate phrase: glad to have tears flow out of his face almost white
Spoken guest phrase: watch TV to participate in the revolution
Abbreviations: Pain was fainted in the past can not sleep mess
Co-phrase: Tired and tired and exhausted
Form phrase: played very early Channeling higher than the day
Even the phrase: he was angry and tears ran out of shame and turned to run
Synonyms: Strangely unpredictable and overwhelming
Contrast Phrase: pain in general anxious ants on the wok-like
② number phrase as a complement
Read the three times set up a five-year trip took a look at the two lived in half a month
③ prepositional phrase as a complement
Born in Shanghai Drill collar written in the early 1920s began in the last century
Complement words can be used to describe the action, the result of the behavior, the state, the tendency, the quantity, the time, the place, the possibility, or the degree and state of the description of the trait.
The result complement indicates the result of the description.
The complement of the result is mainly served by adjectives, but also by a few monosyllable verbs.
The result of complement and rhetoric without “too.”
Wrong to change the wrong pressure to raise low hold up cooked cried sweat done finished cleaning said clearly
Finish changed to understand learn to take away to wipe off killed hit crashed wake up
Complement result complement and the phrase combined more closely, during which you can not add other ingredients. The complement of the result can be followed by the verb “and” and “can”.
Seize the moment to depress the standard to raise the price crying and swollen eyes kicked football washed clean clothes
Waking him erase traces of the wall to finish the essay took away the wages learned to surf the Internet
The complement of the signs indicates the direction of the movement of things, and is mainly composed of the verbs “come”, “go”, “out”, “up”, “down”, “back”, “up”, “come out”, “come back” “,” Go on “and so on. There is no “get” between the directional complement and the central language. E.g:
Come back into the flow into the run back to get used to put off the stickers to take off
Go out and run in and come out and squat down to get up and threw back to go on
In the format of the verbs “come” and “go” as the complement, the object can be placed after the complement phrase or between the complement phrases. For example, “send two magazines” can be changed to “send two magazines.” However, the object language means the place, only after “coming”, “going”, “entering”, “out”, “up”, “down”, “back” and “over” , “Go home”, “run home”, “walk into the back room.”
Sometimes verbs tend not to indicate the true tendency of the verb, but rather to extend the verb usage. E.g:
A long time to calm down.
He slowly became strong.
The verb “a” is generally added after the complement, in front of the object, for example:
He hurried into the office.
“The” can also appear before the complement, then the object no longer appears after the descriptor, for example:
The voices gathered past people in the corridor.
People around “boom” laugh.
Possible complements indicate how or why not.
There are two main possible complements:
Ⅰ Adding “or” not “between the quotation and the complement of the result indicates the result of the action, and the trend may or may not appear. E.g:
Wrote (not finished) End hear (do not) understand out (not) go
Solved (not) good to see (not clear)
Ⅱ “too” or “no” suffix after the phrase, indicating that the results may or may not be achieved. E.g:
To get (not to go) to eat (eat) Recognition (recognized)
Not to be disreputable
In addition, “liǎo” or “liǎo” can also be used as the complement after the quotation. E.g:
Gone (can not go away) can do (can not do) decided
The number of complements
The number of complements indicates the number of motivational actions.
The number of complements can be used as a quantity phrase of the table’s momentum, indicating the number of times an action has taken place. E.g:
Read the two said three times to hit three times
The number complements can also be taken by a quantity phrase that represents the amount of time, indicating the duration of the action. E.g:
Waited three months a month for a half-day melancholy sat for three minutes
The state complement indicates the state as it appears due to the action or trait. The general affix between quotations and complements is “de”. E.g:
To fiercely become Yin Honghong Think too simple to speak vividly blue face
Say it out of breath excited to have words can not speak to tears have flowed out
State phrases can be omitted in certain contexts. This kind of sentence indicates that it contains either an unadulterated mean or a meaning that allows the interlocutor himself to understand it. E.g:
You anxious to see your hair chaos you look at her blush too
Sometimes the state complement without “get”, and use “a”, “get a.” E.g:
The next non-stop rains did not stop playing an impromptu bastard was restless
Level Complement indicates the degree or state reached.
There are two main types of words that serve as complement:
I indicates a very high degree of “very”, “very”, “through”, “panic”, “dead”, “bad”, “more”, “extreme.” E.g:
Very bad heat thoroughly Biede panicked to hate the music bad bad more comfortable
Commonly used are “incredible”, “death”, “death”, “no” and so on.
Simple, extremely tired, tired, like it or not
Ⅱ represents a lesser degree of “some”, “a little.”
Fewer faster Somewhat quicker
Grammatical complement has no negative form.
Time, place complement
Time, place complement mainly by prepositional phrases to act as.
It happened in Beijing until yesterday when it was written in the early 1920s and was born in the 1960s
Complement, object and the semantic relationship between the different. Between the complement and the rhetoric is to supplement the relationship between the answer “how to” question; between the rhetoric and object is dominated by the relationship, answer the “what” problem.
For example, “English” in “Speak English” is the subject dominated by the verb “Shuo” and can answer the question of “what to say.” The relationship between the two is the subject-guest relationship. “Clearness” in “Clearness” is used to supplement the explanation The verb “to say”, you can answer the “how to say” issue, the relationship between the two is complementary.
When the phrase is an object, the structure particle “得” can not appear between the object and the object, and when the phrase is a complement, the structure particle “得” (which means the negative possible complement exception) must appear between the object and the complement. E.g:
He fell to the ground, pretending to fainted.
She almost fainted in excitement.
Phrases in discourse phrases can generally be asked questions in the form of affirmative negation, while phrases in the complement phrase can not be so questioned. E.g:
Speak English – → speak no English
Make it clear – → * Do not say it clearly
Sometimes the object can be moved to the preposition, the subject of the sentence or words. E.g:
I finished my clothes – → I washed my clothes
He wasted two hours – → He wasted two hours.
The location of complement is fixed, can only appear behind the quotation.
In addition, if the momentum after the phrase appears, usually the complement, such as “looked at the two eyes,” “read three times”; if after the quotation of the composition of the amount of material, usually the object, such as “bought three pairs”, ” Wrote half “.
The order of complement and object, sometimes depends on the degree of combination of complement and predicate; Sometimes depending on the object, different objects require different locations. Complement and object order there are three cases:
Complement in front, object in the post
Complement in front of the object is the most common order of the two.
The result complement, may complement and predicate verbs are closely related, always on the front of the object. E.g:
She may slowly wipe the wounds in her heart at work. (Result complement + object)
It’s too far away here to see the words on the board. (May complement + object)
The number complement and the trend complement sometimes appear before the object. E.g:
He took the time to return home. (Number complement + object)
She walked into the room step by step with tears. (Trend complement + object)
The object is in front, complements later
The object is pronouns or finger nouns, the number of complements on the back of the object. E.g:
We waited for hours at the airport. (Object + number complement)
The complement of the number complements can also appear behind the object. E.g:
He has been to Beijing twice. (Object + number complement)
Trend complement sometimes appears after the object. E.g:
Too cold outside, you still go back to the house. (Object + trend complement)
The object appears in the middle of the complement
If the trending complement is two-syllable, the object sometimes appears in the middle of the complement.
Go back up the hill to recover the cost to rush out two people to come up with a box of cigarettes
However, it should be noted that the directional complement separated by an object should be counted as a two-level complement. For example, “back” in “reclaiming costs” is the complement of the verb “收” and “come” is the “recovery cost” complement .
Complement and adverbial
Complements and adverbs can sometimes be interchanged. E.g:
Horse running in the vast prairie. – → Horse running in the vast prairie.
The meaning of “on the vast grasslands” as complement and adverbial respectively is slightly different. “Mercedes on the vast grasslands” focuses on showing where behavioral actions continue; “Running on vast meadows” places emphasis on places where action takes place. Another example:
I have not been to once. – → I have not been there before.
“Once” as a complement, said the momentum; as an adverbial exaggeration means that action did not happen.
Complement special exercises
(A) fill in the blanks with appropriate result complements
1、写_____了 2、踢_____了 3、打_____了 4、听_____了 5、学_____了 6、买_____了 7、擦_____了 8、洗_____了 9、吃_____了 10、贴_____邮票
(B) choose to fill in the blank
A 完 B 到 C 见 D 住 E 开
(C) conjunctions into sentences
1、了 收拾 屋子 干净
2、懂 她 了 听 我的 话
3、这本 你 看 杂志 了吗 完
4、住 我的话 他 站 了 听了 马上
5、借 那本书 你说的 了 着 吗
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