In the practice of primary school classroom teaching, the teaching of Chinese characters is both basic and complicated. It is the key content of Chinese teaching. Based on the actual situation of Chinese education, this paper elaborates on the correctness of expression and application of Chinese characters in primary Chinese classrooms, Perspective and thinking, with interesting learning methods to guide the pupil to help the text of the study of culture.
The origin and development of Chinese characters are closely linked with the civilization of our Chinese nation. It can be said that without the Chinese characters there is no brilliant culture of our nation. Text learning is also an important part of language learning, especially for primary school students who have received primary education. However, there are many ways of learning Chinese characters. For elementary school, our classroom teaching should focus more on the fun of learning, cultivating pupils’ learning interest and good study habits. This article mainly talks about some of the interesting ways of Chinese characters in primary school teaching.
One, the auxiliary tool of Chinese learning – hanyu pinyin
Since the Chinese government formally announced the Hanyu pinyin scheme in 1958, the Hanyu pinyin scheme has been rapidly promoted in China and the world. The “General Chinese Language Law of the People’s Republic of China”, which was implemented on January 1, 2001, stipulates in Article 18 that “the common language of the country adopts the” Hanyu Pinyin Scheme “as a pinyin and phonetic transcription tool. The legal status of Hanyu Pinyin Act was established. However, Hanyu pinyin, as the content of Chinese language education in the elementary school of primary education, is crucial and indispensable for the role of reading and writing.
At present, there are many ways of teaching Chinese literacy: focus on reading, decentralization, “phonetic reading, reading and writing in advance”, combining various forms of literacy, and so on. Either way, we must learn Chinese Pinyin. Phonetic pronunciation of Chinese characters note clearly, students can thus check dictionary, improve the ability of independent study, but also improve the efficiency of literacy. If the dictionary as a literacy stick, then pinyin can be called “made of walking stick wood”, we can see that the basic role of pinyin.
Test in the process of teaching, students’ mastery of Chinese pinyin, so as to achieve the student can to memorization of phonetic textbooks and reading of Chinese characters, to have learned pinyin of Chinese characters, two-way learning. At the same time, in the process of literacy, teachers can make colorful Chinese characters and use pinyin teaching tools to assist classroom teaching. Pinyin literacy method is helpful to the increased amount of student literacy, improve the literacy level of solid, and can effectively correct local dialects, improve the standardization of the Chinese text and the expansion of mandarin. This method is suitable for the Chinese classroom in the lower grade of primary school, suitable for the elementary school students who have no written foundation.
Second, talk about the study of Chinese characters from the structure and evolution of Chinese characters
We know that Chinese characters belong to the ideographic system of text, glyphs and meaning are closely related, if we can make the correct analysis of the body structure of Chinese characters, then for us to understand and grasp most of the original meaning of Chinese characters and extended meaning has a great Help, suitable for elementary and middle-aged students to learn Chinese characters.
We all know that the six in Chinese characters include: pictographic, referring to, knowing, phonetic, turning, and under the guise. For some Chinese characters, by analyzing the structure of Chinese characters, we can get a better understanding of the phonetic meanings of Chinese characters, and can easily master a series of similar structures. Teachers can explain the meaning and shape, the students of the gradual and progressive literacy, will be faster and better completion of Chinese character learning, suitable for the Chinese style similar to the professor, supplemented by the classroom blackboard writing, simple strokes form decomposition teaching, so vivid and not inflexible. At the same time, the shape of Chinese characters has been more than more than 3,000 years of history, experienced the Oracle, inscriptions, seal, official script, cursive, regular script, cursive script seven stages, the historical development of a long history. Encountered in the teaching of individual difficult Chinese characters, teachers can also be explained from the origin of the evolution of Chinese characters, the history of the study of Chinese characters, can enhance the interest of students to explore learning, stimulate the enthusiasm for learning.
Third, Chinese teaching and multimedia and gaming activities combined
In all senses, with the teaching activities, there are teaching methods and tools, only at different times, and the various teaching media play different roles in teaching. With the development of the times, the emergence of teaching media such as slide projectors, projectors and television sets has gradually replaced the traditional books and blackboards and played a major role in teaching, assisting teachers in delivering teaching information. The rapid development of multimedia technology, virtual reality technology, artificial intelligence technology is no longer a simple teaching method, it can also create a variety of learning environment for students to improve learning efficiency, as a cognitive tool for students to develop students’ thinking Ability and ability to solve problems. Therefore, in the present teaching, the media play an increasingly important role.
For primary school students’ cognitive ability and teaching content and teaching objectives in primary school, it is necessary and effective to use multimedia facilities in classroom teaching. There are two reasons: First, the content of primary school teaching is relatively easy and simple, the teacher has enough time for non-traditional multimedia teaching demonstration; second, the characteristics of primary school students’ intellectual factors, their attention needs to be effectively concentrated, and The use of multimedia teaching, is very lively and interesting, students can watch video and audio, through vivid, vivid images, sounds, sweet sound to change teaching scenarios, so as to achieve the purpose of learning Chinese characters.
In the classroom teaching, the conditional teacher needs to prepare the courseware beforehand, consummates own material, uses the multimedia equipment, the teacher may carry on the display in the multimedia to the traditional meaning teaching, may broadcast some related Chinese characters teaching courseware. Including the origin of the legend, the evolution of Chinese characters, the type of Chinese characters, the meaning of Chinese characters, homonym, similar words, extended to a variety of words, idioms, sayings, as well as in various contexts in the application of Chinese characters.
Teachers can make their own courseware resources or find teaching videos, organize students to actively participate in teaching activities, break through the boring mode of traditional teaching, use multimedia presentations to arrange some interesting little word games, literacy contest, Chinese characters group solitaire, and Chinese character language display , So that each classmate into the learning of Chinese characters in the classroom, so fun full reflected in the classroom. This mode of teaching can infect students with concrete, vivid and vivid images, impress students and enhance the efficiency and enthusiasm of learning Chinese characters.
Of course, the application of multimedia also has certain limitations, according to the specific situation we should specific analysis, when the multi-media teaching can not completely discard the traditional teaching mode of the fundamental teaching status. Always remember that the application of multimedia is only a secondary teaching mode, it is not practical to fully apply to all teaching, it is also very difficult.
In short, there are many effective and practical ways to apply Chinese characters in primary school classroom teaching. However, based on the direction of the new curriculum reform, we can see that in primary school, fun can not be ignored. Teachers should pay attention to the transfer of the overall classroom atmosphere, use various teaching methods, pay attention to enhancing the interest of teaching and students’ interest in learning Study enthusiasm, and ultimately greatly improve the efficiency of students to achieve the improvement of students’ comprehensive ability. Make classroom teaching more exciting, learning process more harmonious.