How to learn Chinese characters in an interesting way?

In the practice of primary school classroom teaching, the teaching of Chinese characters is both basic and complicated. It is the key content of Chinese teaching. Based on the actual situation of Chinese education, this paper elaborates on the correctness of expression and application of Chinese characters in primary Chinese classrooms, Perspective and thinking, with interesting learning methods to guide the pupil to help the text of the study of culture.

The origin and development of Chinese characters are closely linked with the civilization of our Chinese nation. It can be said that without the Chinese characters there is no brilliant culture of our nation. Text learning is also an important part of language learning, especially for primary school students who have received primary education. However, there are many ways of learning Chinese characters. For elementary school, our classroom teaching should focus more on the fun of learning, cultivating pupils’ learning interest and good study habits. This article mainly talks about some of the interesting ways of Chinese characters in primary school teaching.

One, the auxiliary tool of Chinese learning – hanyu pinyin

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What is the pinyin initials?

How to learn Chinese phonetic alphabet

How do middle-aged people learn Hanyu Pinyin?

Since the Chinese government formally announced the Hanyu pinyin scheme in 1958, the Hanyu pinyin scheme has been rapidly promoted in China and the world. The “General Chinese Language Law of the People’s Republic of China”, which was implemented on January 1, 2001, stipulates in Article 18 that “the common language of the country adopts the” Hanyu Pinyin Scheme “as a pinyin and phonetic transcription tool. The legal status of Hanyu Pinyin Act was established. However, Hanyu pinyin, as the content of Chinese language education in the elementary school of primary education, is crucial and indispensable for the role of reading and writing.

At present, there are many ways of teaching Chinese literacy: focus on reading, decentralization, “phonetic reading, reading and writing in advance”, combining various forms of literacy, and so on. Either way, we must learn Chinese Pinyin. Phonetic pronunciation of Chinese characters note clearly, students can thus check dictionary, improve the ability of independent study, but also improve the efficiency of literacy. If the dictionary as a literacy stick, then pinyin can be called “made of walking stick wood”, we can see that the basic role of pinyin.

Test in the process of teaching, students’ mastery of Chinese pinyin, so as to achieve the student can to memorization of phonetic textbooks and reading of Chinese characters, to have learned pinyin of Chinese characters, two-way learning. At the same time, in the process of literacy, teachers can make colorful Chinese characters and use pinyin teaching tools to assist classroom teaching. Pinyin literacy method is helpful to the increased amount of student literacy, improve the literacy level of solid, and can effectively correct local dialects, improve the standardization of the Chinese text and the expansion of mandarin. This method is suitable for the Chinese classroom in the lower grade of primary school, suitable for the elementary school students who have no written foundation.

Second, talk about the study of Chinese characters from the structure and evolution of Chinese characters

We know that Chinese characters belong to the ideographic system of text, glyphs and meaning are closely related, if we can make the correct analysis of the body structure of Chinese characters, then for us to understand and grasp most of the original meaning of Chinese characters and extended meaning has a great Help, suitable for elementary and middle-aged students to learn Chinese characters.

We all know that the six in Chinese characters include: pictographic, referring to, knowing, phonetic, turning, and under the guise. For some Chinese characters, by analyzing the structure of Chinese characters, we can get a better understanding of the phonetic meanings of Chinese characters, and can easily master a series of similar structures. Teachers can explain the meaning and shape, the students of the gradual and progressive literacy, will be faster and better completion of Chinese character learning, suitable for the Chinese style similar to the professor, supplemented by the classroom blackboard writing, simple strokes form decomposition teaching, so vivid and not inflexible. At the same time, the shape of Chinese characters has been more than more than 3,000 years of history, experienced the Oracle, inscriptions, seal, official script, cursive, regular script, cursive script seven stages, the historical development of a long history. Encountered in the teaching of individual difficult Chinese characters, teachers can also be explained from the origin of the evolution of Chinese characters, the history of the study of Chinese characters, can enhance the interest of students to explore learning, stimulate the enthusiasm for learning.

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Third, Chinese teaching and multimedia and gaming activities combined

In all senses, with the teaching activities, there are teaching methods and tools, only at different times, and the various teaching media play different roles in teaching. With the development of the times, the emergence of teaching media such as slide projectors, projectors and television sets has gradually replaced the traditional books and blackboards and played a major role in teaching, assisting teachers in delivering teaching information. The rapid development of multimedia technology, virtual reality technology, artificial intelligence technology is no longer a simple teaching method, it can also create a variety of learning environment for students to improve learning efficiency, as a cognitive tool for students to develop students’ thinking Ability and ability to solve problems. Therefore, in the present teaching, the media play an increasingly important role.

For primary school students’ cognitive ability and teaching content and teaching objectives in primary school, it is necessary and effective to use multimedia facilities in classroom teaching. There are two reasons: First, the content of primary school teaching is relatively easy and simple, the teacher has enough time for non-traditional multimedia teaching demonstration; second, the characteristics of primary school students’ intellectual factors, their attention needs to be effectively concentrated, and The use of multimedia teaching, is very lively and interesting, students can watch video and audio, through vivid, vivid images, sounds, sweet sound to change teaching scenarios, so as to achieve the purpose of learning Chinese characters.

In the classroom teaching, the conditional teacher needs to prepare the courseware beforehand, consummates own material, uses the multimedia equipment, the teacher may carry on the display in the multimedia to the traditional meaning teaching, may broadcast some related Chinese characters teaching courseware. Including the origin of the legend, the evolution of Chinese characters, the type of Chinese characters, the meaning of Chinese characters, homonym, similar words, extended to a variety of words, idioms, sayings, as well as in various contexts in the application of Chinese characters.

Teachers can make their own courseware resources or find teaching videos, organize students to actively participate in teaching activities, break through the boring mode of traditional teaching, use multimedia presentations to arrange some interesting little word games, literacy contest, Chinese characters group solitaire, and Chinese character language display , So that each classmate into the learning of Chinese characters in the classroom, so fun full reflected in the classroom. This mode of teaching can infect students with concrete, vivid and vivid images, impress students and enhance the efficiency and enthusiasm of learning Chinese characters.

Of course, the application of multimedia also has certain limitations, according to the specific situation we should specific analysis, when the multi-media teaching can not completely discard the traditional teaching mode of the fundamental teaching status. Always remember that the application of multimedia is only a secondary teaching mode, it is not practical to fully apply to all teaching, it is also very difficult.

In short, there are many effective and practical ways to apply Chinese characters in primary school classroom teaching. However, based on the direction of the new curriculum reform, we can see that in primary school, fun can not be ignored. Teachers should pay attention to the transfer of the overall classroom atmosphere, use various teaching methods, pay attention to enhancing the interest of teaching and students’ interest in learning Study enthusiasm, and ultimately greatly improve the efficiency of students to achieve the improvement of students’ comprehensive ability. Make classroom teaching more exciting, learning process more harmonious.

Chinese tone change how to learn?

When a foreigner learns Chinese, pronunciation is a very important one. Personally think tone is more important than pinyin. Since tone is not available in most countries’ languages, its position in Chinese is also quite significant, and many words differentiate themselves by tone.

With soft, tone a total of 5 species. One, two, three, four and softly. The tone of each tone as shown below:

Chinese tone change how to learn?

Four tones detailed

A cry,The tone was flat and high. The tuning is always at the top 55.

Second sound,Start higher and continue to rise in tone. As shown, adjust the value from 3 to 5.

Three sound,Just started to fall, and then rise in tone. Transfer value at 214.

Four sound,At the beginning it was very high, and then it went down all the way down to a 5-1.

See above, many foreigners will feel that three is a more difficult tone. But in fact, three voices in the spoken language, not always read into the pitch of 214. If a three-voice text is followed by three, the first three sound becomes two. For example: Hello nǐhǎo→ hello níhǎo.

If the three voices are followed by one, two, four and softly, the three voices in the front generally turn into half three, that is, 21 pitch. For example, we wǒmen. Three voices will read 214 pitch only at the end of the word and at the end of the sentence.

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 1 ɑ o e

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 2 i u ü

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 3 y w

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 4 b p m f

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 5 d t n l

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 6 g k h

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 7 j q x

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 8 z c s

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 9 zh ch sh r

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 10 fù xí

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 11 ɑi ei ui

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 12 ɑo ou iu

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 13 ie üe er

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 14 ɑn en in

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 15 un ün

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 16 ɑng eng ing ong

Hanyu Pinyin Tone Learning Course Lesson 17 fù xí

Mandarin tone what are the characteristics

Pinyin tone alphabet

Example Description

In Chinese, in addition to the three, the same will be the same as the modulation of “one” and “no”.

The word “one” is read or used at the end of the sentence, or the ordinal number or cardinal number. For example, the first floor, Shuoyibuer, read two before four. For example, a piece of money, read four before four. For example, a dollar, read softly when sandwiched between the same words. For example, take a look;

“No” reads the original sound at the end of the sentence, the end of the word, and the non-fourth. Read two before four. For example, good; Read softly between words. For example, great to go.

After knowing some of the words in the above Chinese language, it is easy to express the same situation.

How to distinguish nasal “l ” and laterals “n” in Mandarin?

In mandarin, consonant initials n is a pure nasal sound that passes through the nasal passages. Some people pronounce “n” sounds like l, when the soft palate is not enough, the tongue is tightly closed, and the blockage of the mouth is not completely closed, causing part of the airflow to leak along the side of the tongue. In the case of l, it has a nasal color, because the soft palate is not improved enough and the tongue is wide enough to cause residual air flow in the nasal cavity.

How to understand the “n” and “l” correct pronunciation it? May wish to try the following comparison approach:

Practice 1: prepare your pronunciation according to the pronunciation of “n“. Pinch your nostrils with your thumb and index finger and try to pronounce “n”. If you have a strong feeling of holding your breath, explain the correct position and method of your pronunciation, loosen your thumb and forefinger, and take the vowel “e” or “a” to read, and “n” will naturally sound. Vice versa.

Practice 2: in accordance with the requirements for the pronunciation of l prepared to pronunciation, put his hand over his mouth, and tries to pronounce “l” sound, if two gills summon up accompanied by the feeling of breath, that conform to the requirements of the pronunciation, remove the palm of your hand, take a vowel “e” or “a” read, “l” is the natural sound.

Why should mandarin pay attention to pronunciation?

Learning mandarin must take into account the three aspects of pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. Chinese differences highlight the surface now the voice of the phonetic systems between not only the major dialect area difference is big, is also within a region, a dialect often has obvious differences in pronunciation, and in the aspect of vocabulary and grammar differences in dialect and mandarin is limited. It can be said that speech difference is the main cause of communication difficulties. Therefore, the key to learning mandarin is to learn the standard pronunciation of Beijing pronunciation, and to learn pronunciation must focus on the training of the mouth and ears.

What are the rules of Chinese syllable spelling?

(Hanyu Pinyin Scheme) The spelling of Mandarin syllables has the following specific provisions:

1. The use of y and w

If the vowel of the I line and u line are the syllables, if there is no other vowel in the syllables except for I, then write y and w in front of the syllables. If there are other vowels in the syllables, then I will change the I to y, and u to w, and the final syllable of u will be written in the front of the syllables, and the two points will be omitted.

2. The use of acoustic symbols

The syllables that begin with a,o, and e are connected to the rest of the syllables, and if the syllables are confused, they can be separated by a sound barrier. Xi ‘an is written as xi ‘an, and it is written as ji ‘ang.

3. About iou, uei, uen province write

iou, uei, uen three vowels from syllables, according to y, w use rules, respectively, you, wei, wen. The three vowels and consonants consonance spell, the middle of the o, e omitted, omitted after the same pronunciation. Such as: qiou omitted. Written as qiu, huei omitted e written hui, cuen omitted e written cun.

4. The two points on ü are omitted

ü line vowels and consonants j, q, x phase fight, u on the two overemphasized, written u. Because mandarin j, q, x can not be spelled with u-line vowels, so omission of two points will not lead to misreading.

How to make students learn Chinese characters easily?

Chinese characters are the treasures of Chinese culture, literacy is the foundation of reading and writing, and the teaching of literacy is the focus of Chinese teaching in the lower grade and the foundation of the foundation. However, literacy is a very boring task for students with low grades, and for teachers, it is also a hot task. So, how to improve the literacy of children? I think we can try it from the following aspects.

First, organize the game activities, improve literacy interest. Games are a form of love for children. Children like to imitate, like to play, like performance, combined with the younger age, can concentrate on listening time is short. Therefore, in teaching, we often change different, fresh and fun, loved by the “game” to stimulate their interest, mobilize the desire of students to learn abstract text symbols, so that students in the “game” to learn literacy, so boring literacy class Become a paradise for students to learn. For example, finding friends, driving trains, picking fruit and other activities is very interesting. However, when organizing a game to answer the questions, teachers should not neglect the “effectiveness” of literacy merely for “fun”.

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Second, teach the students methods to improve the quality of teaching. In the teaching of literacy, if the students will be tired of mechanical memory, as long as the mastery of literacy methods, experience the happiness of success in order to keep the interest of students to persevere. Therefore, in the teaching of literacy, in addition to stimulating the students ‘ interest in literacy, it is necessary to properly infiltrate some literacy knowledge and methods to develop students ‘ ability to read and write. “It is better to teach a man to fish than to give it to a fisherman.” Teach students how to read and help them develop their ability to read and write.

(1) part literacy. According to the rules of Chinese characters, the students can learn to read and write by “adding, subtracting and changing”, using the method of splitting and combining Chinese characters.

(2) graphic literacy. That is to use the visual image to help students to memorize a method of glyph.

(3) child literacy. Read children’s songs is accord with the age and psychological characteristics of junior students, teachers can be based on the characteristics of Chinese characters, some catchy rhyme formulas, let them read it over and over again, so that the students on the glyph visual image, so as to improve the accuracy of memory glyph.

(4) word puzzles. The puzzle is a kind of activity that students are extremely interested in, and it is a good way to use the word puzzles. In the work of guessing puzzles and puzzles, the students memorized the words, the glyphs, and the meanings. At the same time, I can train my thinking ability, language ability and expression ability. For example: “a bit of two eyes a stare – six” etc. By guessing, the students were impressed.

(5) The Story Literacy law. Elementary school students like to listen to stories, in the teaching of literacy, teachers should consciously adapt some abstract Chinese characters into lively and interesting stories, so that they can stimulate their imagination, but also to achieve accurate memory of difficult words target. There are many methods of literacy, such as: Each student establishes “the Literacy Growth Record Bag”, and sets up the display card in the class, carries on the literacy challenge. Teachers also need to build a large class of life, to expand literacy space, to guide students to explore the ability to read and improve literacy. For example: to guide students to watch TV literacy, shopping, street signs and so on, so that students understand things and the organic combination of literacy.

The teaching and training of literacy methods are of great value to students’ self-learning, learning ability and sustainable development. Traditional literacy teaching only pays attention to teaching students to know “this word”, without realizing it, so that students can learn to recognize “this kind of word” in the sense of “this word”. Pay attention to let the students learn a word “this”, acquisition method of this kind of word, and then grinding “gun” training opportunities for students, establish the platform of “practice”, can make it in repeated training “practice makes perfect”, which evolved into a kind of learning ability.

What textbooks do you need to learn Chinese?

In recent years, the “Chinese craze” has made more and more students learning Chinese, so what new features do they present to the requirements of teaching materials?

In the past ten years, with the continuous development of international Chinese teaching, Chinese textbooks have become more and more important. First, there is a clear trend of diversification. From the perspective of the audience, the audience of Chinese textbooks in the past is mainly foreign students, and these students are mainly adults.

Nowadays, the audience of textbooks has increased the number of Chinese students, Chinese fans, primary and secondary school students and preschool children. The expansion of audience range also puts forward new requirements for the compilation of Chinese textbooks. At present, the domestic Chinese textbooks on the market a lot of textbooks for foreign students, but for younger students teaching material is very few, teaching material diversity will become one of the development trend of the future.

Look from the use requirements, as the destination country for Chinese attaches great importance to the degree and the improvement of teachers, they put forward new requirements of Chinese teaching material content design, hoping to be combined with the actual usage, so there have been many textbooks written by foreign editor. In addition, professional and amateur students have their own needs for the use of textbooks.

Secondly, the localization trend is obvious. The United States, France and other developed countries have a solid foundation for the Chinese learning, a good second language study environment, as well as a wide range of Chinese group, they will according to the needs of their students and the actual usage of Chinese writing teaching materials with local characteristics. However, we should also pay attention to the principles and measures for the localization of teaching materials. First, all textbooks should be taught in standard and standard mandarin. In a broad sense, the world each country or region, with characteristics of dialects of Chinese are known as the “Chinese (Chinese)”, should be respected, but only “putonghua (Mandarin)” is the purpose of the standardization of compiling textbooks and learning language. Secondly, localization can be properly integrated into local culture, but mainly to introduce Chinese culture. These two points are accepted by any second language teaching material.

Third, the demand for quality is obvious. In the recent decade, with the development of Chinese “going global”, the number of domestic Chinese textbooks surged and were thousands, but only a very small number of textbooks were actually used by us. Teaching materials exported to other countries were even rarer. This also put forward requirements for the preparation of many new textbooks.

Fourth, the digital demand is obvious. This is one of the ways to enrich the teaching methods in the future, but in general, the development of digital textbooks is developing, which is still not quite high. In addition, digital development should be based on high-quality materials, otherwise there is no point.

What are the problems and difficulties in compiling Chinese textbooks?

I think the problem is mainly in two aspects:

First, there are thousands of Chinese teaching materials in China, and there is a tendency of shoddy construction, even low-level repetition in the same content. This not only affects the overall quality of Chinese teaching materials, but also wastes resources and pollutes the environment. Many of these materials are set aside by the editors themselves, causing great waste. There are many reasons for this problem, for example, if some editors are completely out of the picture, just because they don’t want to use other people’s textbooks, they make up a set. Some editors are lack of overall design thinking, writing textbooks and so on in the early stage of investigation and investigation.

Second, domestic editors have no understanding of the actual situation of Chinese teaching abroad. Chinese as a foreign language for a long time, the domestic academic circles more understanding of Chinese language teaching for foreign students, but for the overseas Chinese language teaching, especially the young teaching for primary and middle school students are familiar with degree is very low. In the past ten years, we have been sending Chinese teachers and volunteers overseas, and the improvement of overseas teaching experience will fill the gap in our teachers’ teaching methods in Chinese.

From the point of view of the textbook writer, what are the types of Chinese textbooks?

From a domestic point of view, many textbook compilers are themselves TCFL teachers who can form teams or write and publish textbooks in their personal names. In addition, many publishers organize their own team to write, edited by the publisher to play the author, so that it can well meet the actual needs of the publishing house, which is currently emerging on the market teaching methods, many foreign publishers have precedents. From abroad, many native writers design their own textbooks. They also work with Chinese editors to write textbooks that are both in accordance with the Chinese standard rules and applicable to the local situation. In addition, editors will also customize the textbook for localization.

What kind of teaching materials can become a quality textbook, it should have what characteristics?

First of all, as the editor, should always carry out the concept of Chinese educators. In the past, we only emphasized “teaching” and not paying attention to “learning”. Now, we also think that the Western “student-centered” is in line with the law of language teaching, at the same time, we also increased the “teacher-oriented”, which is extremely important to the dialectical view of Chinese teaching.

Secondly, the quality of our teaching materials depends on whether the editor can pay attention to the characteristics of Chinese and Chinese teaching in the textbook. For European and American students, their language is an indo-european language family, and they are related to each other, so they can be flexible and adaptable in the process of acquiring each other’s language. Law, by contrast, Chinese belongs to the sino-tibetan language, language and the indo-european exist bigger difference, in the process of acquisition should join the necessary grammar explanation and actual practice, emphasizes on the basis of the structure. Therefore, the editor should give full consideration to the characteristics of Chinese and Chinese teaching and write pertinently.

(practical Chinese textbook) was published by the commercial press in 1981. In this book, we incorporated the concept of “combination of structure and function” proposed by Chinese scholars at the time. “Structure” refers to the structure and form of language, and “function” refers to the actual use of language, and the combination of the two methods also conforms to the law of Chinese teaching. As soon as it was published, the practical Chinese textbook had a great impact both at home and abroad, and soon became the most widely used basic Chinese teaching material in the world. Mr Yao said in the United States is very like the life of vocabulary to join in the book, and in 1982 in the review of evaluation of the book “has the potential to be the future primary Chinese textbooks”, and later his prediction has become a reality.

After entering the 21st century, even though higher institutions such as Oxford are still in use (practical Chinese textbooks), its outdated content has become a problem that can not be ignored, hence the need to create new books. (New practical Chinese textbook) is not an adapted version of (practical Chinese textbook), but a brand-new teaching material. It further implements the “student-centered” teaching philosophy, and has a relatively large breakthrough in function and culture.

In the recent two years, with the development of the times and the emergence of a large number of new things and new words, we have revised (New Practical Chinese Textbook). We have added a lot about China’s social reality as well as Chinese culture such as express delivery and high-speed rail to the upgraded version of the new Practical Chinese Textbook (Version 3) that started publishing in 2015. These are all foreign students wanting to know To, but also to stimulate their interest in learning Chinese.

What opportunities will the One Belt And One Road initiative bring to the output of Chinese textbooks?

The “One Belt And One Road” initiative has increased the desire of countries along the route to learn Chinese, further promoting the overseas development of Chinese teaching and the export of Chinese textbooks abroad. On the other hand, our Chinese teaching and the compilation of Chinese teaching materials should also serve as the “people connect” and pave the way for the national “One Belt And One Road” strategy.

How do middle-aged people learn Hanyu Pinyin?

(1) memorize the alphabet, master the sequence

This is not only the starting point for pinyin, but also for mastering sequence search method is very important.

(2) memorize the phonetic alphabet

Memorizing 23 initials, 24 finals and 16 overall syllables, this is the basis for learning Chinese pinyin.

(3) master the structure of Chinese pinyin and the method of pinyin

Hanyu Pinyin is generally composed of three parts: initials, vowels and tones; Mandarin has yin (a sound), yangping (two), Shang (three), Tone (four) four, the formula is: “A high all the way flat, two sound from the low to rise, the three first drop and then raise, four from high to low.” The tones can only be marked on the main vowel of the vowel. In the case of I and u, the tones are marked on the back of the vowel, I pinyin on the point.

(4) to understand the spelling rules of hanyu pinyin, the following three points should be noted:

① to master the ellipsis rule of two points on U. “N, l two really honest, willing to make friends with small fish”, “J Q x Rogue, see the fish eyes to dig.” Remember these two formulas, then mastered the “U” on the two points of the ellipsis rule.

② will use noise symbols. “The two syllables are tight, and the aoe is soundproofed before.” The meaning of this formula is that the syllables at the beginning of a, o, e should be separated by soundproof symbols (‘) when they are connected behind other syllables, Misreading. Such as pi ‘a o, xi’ an, shang ‘e, hai’ ou.

③ should master the writing method of Hanyu Pinyin. First of all, we should understand the format of writing letters, distinguish which occupy three, which occupies the middle, which occupies the upper-middle, which occupies the next. You can also use some of the jingle notes to write the location. For example: lower right semicircle b b b, upper right semicircle p p, lower left semicircle D D D, left upper semicircle q q Q. The second is to clarify the writing methods of syllables and sentences. When writing a syllable, first write the initials, then write the finals, the final mark of the tone, when writing sentences, generally in terms of words, words and words open a little, the beginning of the letter must be capitalized.

What are the types of sentences in Chinese?

When foreigners learn Chinese, they go through this process: Chinese characters, words, sentences and articles.

Chinese characters and words need to be memorized by each student, so we won’t talk about it here. We will focus on the sentences in Chinese.

A foreigner who learns Chinese, whether he can say a sentence or not, depends critically on how well his grammar is mastered, because sentence composition is closely related to grammar.

Chinese sentences can be roughly divided into two categories: single sentence and complex sentence. A sentence is a phrase or a single word sentence, can express meaning. Sentence sentence structure, can be further subdivided into verb sentences and adjective sentences.

For example, ① I eat at school today. ② He is handsome and tall. The two sentences, the former is a verb sentence, verb predicate; the latter is an adjective sentence, adjective predicate.

There are many special Chinese sentence, which has the word, the sentence was sentenced, with moving sentences, and sentences and so on. The grammatical composition of such sentences is more complicated and has certain compositional rules. A complex sentence is a long sentence composed of two or more clauses that are of relevance to each other. Each clause is separated by “,” and “;”. According to the relationship between clauses, the complex sentence can be further subdivided into parallel complex sentences, complex sentences, progressive complex sentences, causal complex sentences, conditional complex sentences and so on. The word that represents the relationship between clauses and clauses is called a “related word.” Each complex sentence according to their different relations, will use different related words. For example, ① Because it is cold today, there are few people on the road. ② He is very poor recently, can not afford a lunch even.

The two sentences, the former is a complex sentence of causation, the latter is a complex sentence progressive relationship.

To sum up, most of the sentence types in Chinese have been introduced. When foreigners learn Chinese characters and memorize new words, they must remember the construction of these sentences, and then they can make sentences and sentences. In this way, the Chinese language level will surely improve rapidly.

How to learn the Internet words in Chinese?

With the development of network technology, people’s life style has changed subversive, international students learning Chinese, also in casual in disseminated on the Internet language, a lot of people also chat on the net, using the Internet shopping, and even the students to have a crush on network game, in this process, they need to be constantly applied to the network language, that whether the network language learning is beneficial to them?

How to learn the Internet words in Chinese?

Let’s talk about advantageous aspects, in the 21st century is the century of a high-tech, things to say in an unprecedented speed in upgrading, language is the carrier of the society, all change from first language vocabulary, so the network language reminds us the emergence of new things and new social phenomenon. We have always stressed that teach Chinese to “live” in Chinese, some students can’t always say “good-bye” “goodbye” so popular in the past, and in the network some words properly reflect the current social phenomenon, such as “second generation” “hole” “silly white sweet”, etc., are respectively represent the social various aspects of the existing problems and the students know more about it can not only help them easier to communicate with Chinese people, but also can let them deeper understanding of Chinese culture, learning a language is very helpful to them, because the language is very broad, newspapers, magazines and even news will appear in the peace day chat, imagine that you and your foreign friend says something you were tricked into or any bad things, bad nut suddenly replied: “really sucks!” Guess you also smile to forget everything, inadvertently also deepened the friendship is not!

But the network word is a double-edged sword, its many characteristics also determine it has many disadvantages.

First of all, online words are time-sensitive, not to mention that one popular word a year may be popular for a month or even a few words, and then quickly become out of date. The Chinese vocabulary is complicated, and I want to remember and apply what I already need Very demanding, while taking the time to learn to quickly disappear over the network language a bit more harm than good.

Second, the online language is both entertaining and arbitrary. It is a less formal style of language. There are even many ironic and profound meanings. For foreigners, Chinese is a second language learner, and he is culturally Unlike us, so their understanding of cyber language may be based on an event or a context, which will inevitably lead to jokes, even in the formal occasions may be very embarrassing phenomenon. For example, one of my students likes to use online words, sometimes I am unhappy to say that I am “cold and lonely,” I always feel weird. For advanced students, they have a higher ability to grasp the language, junior students are prone to abuse, and they learn the correct expression is very unfavorable.

In a word, how to learn online Chinese, we are still in constant exploration, for teachers, not too much teaching network language must be correct. We can vary the students’ Chinese level, so that they can learn some network language appropriately. Of course, it is important to make clear the appropriate context. Because of the strong interest, online language can sometimes ease the monotony of language learning, stimulate students’ enthusiasm for learning, and improve their enthusiasm and communication skills.

How to learn Chinese through Chinese songs?

Learn Chinese? Oh, my god! How hard is that? You know? Not to mention the tedious vertical, the tone of voice can drive me crazy. And grammar! And the historical precipitates that have to be mentioned — idioms. Why can’t Chinese learning be as easy and fun as other languages?

Are you ready now? Are you looking for a fun and effective way to learn Chinese now? Someone just does not agree. It’s fun to say that Chinese songs are fun, but I really can not see Of course, is it really good for him to learn to sing Chinese songs? Of course, singing Chinese songs will bring you no small troubles, such as phonetic grammar problems. However, under the prerequisite that the benefits outweigh the disadvantages, I think no one will refuse to sing Chinese songs? Now let us talk about the benefits of learning Chinese songs.

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The ten teaching methods of hanyu pinyin

1. Improve learning interest

Interest is the teacher of learning. If there is no interest in learning, how can you continue to study enthusiastically? So let music lead you to the new day and bring you the passion to learn, why not?

2. Expanded vocabulary

There is no doubt that each song short 50 words words, presumably on a daily basis, the premise of a week, there are 350 words of vocabulary, and then deduct some repetition, less 200 words more than the upper limit of the vocabulary accumulation, you still not echocardiography?

3. Develop the sense of language

Although the lyrics are sometimes swallowed according to the melody, but the basic structure is probably not a big change, so with the hum melody in unconsciously cultivated a sense of language, that earn more ah.

4. Understand the historical culture of the load

Like Faye Wong had sung “water head”, but the song made by the famous Su Shi Yong Mid-Autumn Festival, one of fear, worry, hope, all without exception. At the same time learning the song has learned a Song, but also one of the eight famous Tang and Song celebrities, not to mention the Mid-Autumn Festival can also show off their own “content”, wow ~

5. Listening training

Difficulty highest first jay Chou, of course, this is a special case, but have to say in the form of Rap is very attractive, and the lively atmosphere not only can arouse their learning enthusiasm, better is the most important of which is a good way to relax.

So what are you waiting for? Go and listen to Chinese songs.