What are the courses for foreigners to learn everyday Chinese?

For many foreigners who learn Chinese, the Chinese language course for foreigners is a concern. Know or understand the course and then can according to their own level to find suitable for their own courses, then take a look at the following introduction of foreigners Chinese learning courses?

Daily Chinese Beginners

Level 1:

1. Suitable for students who have never had contact with Chinese. Start the system learning Chinese from the most basic phonetic alphabet.

2. Through this level of learning, you will be able to learn Chinese pronunciation and have a preliminary understanding of simple life dialogues, such as greetings, introduction, simple shopping language, and order.

Level 2:

1. Suitable for students who can communicate briefly at a slower rate. A simple question and answer can be made about the necessary needs or familiar topics in life. May know a few Chinese characters, words or phrases.

2. Through this level of study, you will learn to ask time, ask for directions, book tickets, taxi and other topics.

Level 3:

1. Suitable for trainees who can articulate specific requirements and needs. Communicate with people with slow speech and clear pronunciation. A simple Q & A on familiar topics in everyday life.

2. Through this level of learning, you can further learn to talk about hobbies, entertainment, travel planning and other topics.

Daily Chinese Intermediate

Level 1:

1. Suitable for students who understand the core points of the familiar topic. Communicate with people in standard pronunciation and medium speed.

2. At this level, you will learn how to talk about lifestyles, educational backgrounds, work experience, and more.

Level 2:

1. Suitable for students to communicate fluently on everyday topics in familiar, interesting areas.

2. Through this level of study, you will learn how to talk about the cultural differences between China and the West, traditional festivals, places of interest and other topics.

Level 3:

1. Suitable for students to communicate effectively with the Chinese people, and in the exchange will not be an obstacle.

2. Through this level of learning, you learn to describe stories, describe things, hopes, wishes, and ideals. Describe in detail the experiences, feelings and personal opinions.

Daily Chinese Advanced

Level 1:

1. Suitable for trainees who can use Chinese accurately and effectively in a wide range of fields. Can freely communicate, the correct use of grammar. Expression is unlimited. But hesitating in choosing more precise expressions.

2. Through this level of study, you will learn some complex topics such as environmental pollution, complaint complaints, marital problems, family conflicts and so on.

Level 2:

1. Suitable for students who can understand any topic and its deep meaning. You are free to express your thoughts and understand longer and more complicated sentences.

2. Through this level of learning, you will learn topics such as the stock market and China’s social issues.

Level 3:

1. Suitable for students who can understand any Chinese heard or seen. You can promptly, freely and accurately express their ideas. Even in complex cases can distinguish between different meanings. Can understand a variety of literary works, colloquial expression.

2. Through this level of learning, you will learn more complex topics. Have a better understanding of China’s existing markets, trade, investment climate and China’s business culture.

How to learn modern Chinese?

Modern Chinese is a compulsory course in the Chinese department of the university. It is usually taught in two semesters, and it is a difficult subject in the specialized courses of the department of literature. In the early stage, I mainly focus on pronunciation, writing and vocabulary, and later learning is the key point. If I am not careful, I will fail. These include words, phrases, sentences, and central analysis. Today I want to tell you how to learn the subject.

How to learn modern Chinese?

1. the concept of grammar

The main focus of modern Chinese learning is grammar, of course, mainly Chinese grammar, English grammar also need to be compared. There are two concepts in modern Chinese grammar. The general grammatical concept is the pragmatic meaning of language. The narrow concept of grammar is the language use of Chinese. Learning modern Chinese requires a clear understanding of the nature and content of the subject. What it teaches is that although we all know it, it does not have the grammatical knowledge of systematic theory.

2. Division of parts of speech

This is part of the final exam, which counts as the basic knowledge of modern Chinese. I want to know the division of the notional word and the function words, as well as the grammatical features of nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, auxiliary particles, etc. The main way to study is to give you a passage, the classification of their own, mainly divided. The study of speech must make great efforts to take notes, because there are many grammatical features and characteristics that need to be recited.

3. Learning Phrases

This is the study focus of modern Chinese, because it is related to another key center analysis method, and the two knowledge points are often related to the examination. Especially to the examination of different phrases, such as subject-predicate phrases, the phrases, etc., which is easily confused with a joint phrases and phrases, it is important to distinguish, in particular, appositive phrase is different, the same thing, and joint phrases are the same word, different things. Concrete also needs to combine the phrase character analysis.

4. Central Analytical method

The central analytic method is also called analytic hierarchy process, or frame structure analysis method. Test type to give you a sentence, the requirements according to different phrase types, the specific steps are from left to right, from large to small, divided by layer. The study of central analytic method has no short cut except for a lot of questions.

5. Single complex sentence

The main content of modern Chinese is words, phrases, sentences. And the sentence is the most important, mainly in the long sentence of the subject division, divided into the first and second and multi-level division, then different phrases have different basis. But the emphasis is still on the distinction between simple sentences.

6. Modification of the sentence

At first glance may have a lot of people would think this section is very easy, but in fact, pragmatically study is not simple, because it requires us to not only modify correct, and want to point out where is wrong. , of course, there are simple pragmatically modification, such as improper collocation, dark in the subject, there is also a part of speech errors, the best way is in the modified pragmatically from of the subject-predicate sentence pattern to analyze the sentence structure is correct.

Matters needing attention

Practice and study, there is no best way to learn Chinese.

How to master the skills of learning Mandarin?

Mandarin is now a common language in China, it is particularly important to master Putonghua, whether it is to test university or employment, there will be no harm. The university grasps the Putonghua, may obtain the Putonghua certificate, after the employment may many choices, also may better communicate with the person.

How to master the skills of learning Mandarin?

1, first of all, we learn Mandarin, need to master Yin and yang up this tone, master this, is the basis of all tones.

2, second, we can buy an entry-level broadcast host or Mandarin-related books, when reading books, we have to master good phonetic pronunciation, this is the basis of Putonghua.

3, we must practice pronunciation, vowel letters, Yin and Yang up tone. Maintain the morning practice every day for an hour, to maintain the correct mouth type and pronunciation basis, conditional can be recorded, look at the pronunciation of the mouth.

4, to collect some twisters, short essays, daily newspapers can learn news broadcast broadcast, these can practice every day to take the time to exercise, to maintain the correct posture and pronunciation, you can master a fluent Mandarin.

5, Mandarin mastered in place, there will be great benefits, college entrance examination will be extra points, but also in school to host some related campus activities, exercise their stage ability. After employment, you have a fluent Mandarin, you can better communicate with others, speech can be more impressive, it is easy to close relations with others.

Precautions

Pay attention to Z/C/S these flat-tongued sounds

Note the pronunciation of N and L

Note the pronunciation of EN, CH, SH

How to learn Mandarin is the most efficient?

1. Correct imitation

① Professional Mandarin teachers interactive demonstration imitation, teaching counseling (even if several times, once the targeted counseling).

② Formal Mandarin pronunciation teaching materials (must be equipped with audio recordings only): My compilation and publication of “Practical Putonghua Proficiency Test and Eloquence Improvement” “Putonghua Pronunciation Accomplished – Literacy Express Train” “Putonghua Training Test Guide”, Dah Sing Hua Bookstores and Online “Dangdang ” ” excellent “for sale.

Online Mandarin learning resources

④ CCTV, CNN News Network, the whole point of news and excellent drama, movies, storytelling, etc. – learning resources without spending money.

⑤ Recording, video and other audio-visual electronic materials (MP3, CD-ROM, tapes, etc.) – Putonghua teaching and reading, reading, stories, comic dialogue, essays, singing, Allegro, storytelling, Xinhua Bookstore purchase.

2. Knowledge guidance

Learn practical mandarin pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.

3. Repeated practice

① familiar with standard pronunciation, back some famous masterpiece;

② actively attends reading readings, speech debates, storytelling, Allegro, crosstalk, singing, drama, broadcasting, hosting and other language arts training and activities.

③ as much as possible daily use of Mandarin.

Note: The necessary prerequisite for learning recitation and broadcasting is the standard of Putonghua pronunciation. Do not have to learn the pronunciation is eager to repeatedly practice the content of the text, or the pronunciation of mistakes will be consolidated as difficult to correct the stubborn disease.

4. Form habits

① To speak mandarin in as many occasions as possible;

② Talk to yourself — think in mandarin.

③ Please check the new edition (xinhua dictionary) and (modern Chinese dictionary)

How to learn Mandarin pronunciation

How to distinguish nasal “l ” and laterals “n” in Mandarin?

How to practise Mandarin?

How to distinguish between flat-tongues and flip-tongues in Mandarin

How to learn mandarin well

Mandarin pronunciation skills

How to improve the level of putonghua

Mandarin tone what are the characteristics

What is mandarin

How to practise Mandarin?

Mandarin is China’s Mandarin. How do you practice Putonghua? I will share with you my thoughts today and hope to help everyone.

Several ways to practice mandarin

1, multi-purpose communication with others in Mandarin

In fact, learning Mandarin is the same as learning English, but also needs the environment. You may as well in the life each occasion use the more pure Putonghua and other people exchanges and the communication, such your Putonghua level, can unceasingly improve.

2, Watch more TV, especially CCTV news

The standard mandarin for CCTV hosts is the most standard. After you watch TV, learn more about their putonghua pronunciation and the speed of putonghua.

Watch TV Dramas Learn Chinese

3, can learn crazy English method, shout it out loud

You can get up every morning and find a place where nobody can cut open (playground, park, etc.), find some beautiful prose, read it aloud, and it is also a good choice.

4, You can also go online and buy some putonghua books to learn mandarin.

5, you can also participate in some speech contest, but also to improve their Mandarin a better way.

6, You can also find some of these videos to learn Mandarin.

Mandarin tone what are the characteristics

Chinese character practical teaching method

Chinese oral English practice

Reading Chinese Learning method

Foreigners learn Chinese textbooks

Mandarin pronunciation skills

How to learn mandarin well

How to learn Mandarin pronunciation

The direct and indirect methods of learning Chinese

Generally speaking, when learning Chinese, the methods we adopt can be divided into two kinds: direct method and indirect method. So, what is the direct method and what is the indirect method? The so-called “direct method” is not to use the medium language, the method that USES Chinese direct class. When foreigners come to China to study, work and live, they often use the “direct method” to learn Chinese. In contrast, the “indirect method” is the way to teach Chinese in the medium language. For example, students in Europe and the United States use English, Japanese and Korean students to teach in Korean.

The direct and indirect methods of learning Chinese

So, which is better, direct or indirect? Are there many people who think that direct method is the best way to learn a foreign language? Let’s do a comparison.

Advantages and disadvantages of direct method

The most prominent advantage of direct method is “fast”. Because there is no media intervention, so you can quickly respond, quick response. Another advantage is that it is more natural. Because it is less affected by the mother tongue, it is less likely that mistakes will occur. In other words, “Chinese thinking” to respond quickly and deal with problems. This ability at first glance will make people feel very difficult, in fact, as long as a lot of practice, with a larger vocabulary, anyone can do.

Looking at the above advantages, we do not think that the direct method is very powerful? In fact, this method has its drawbacks. The biggest drawback is that once you leave the Chinese language environment, Chinese ability will quickly degenerate. There are many students back to their country, every day to lament their Chinese degradation. Another disadvantage is the lack of theoretical thinking when it comes to difficult expressions.

Chinese character practical teaching method

Chinese oral English practice

Reading Chinese Learning method

Foreigners learn Chinese: ten must learn grammar

The ten teaching methods of hanyu pinyin

What is the use of learning Chinese grammar?

The advantages and disadvantages of the indirect method

In contrast to the direct method, indirect law, because to do a complicated step in the mind, is to first translate Chinese into their own mother tongue, and then translated into Chinese, so, in the face of high difficulty expression, can be more logical, rational expression. In addition, the memory of vocabulary, grammar is through their own mother tongue to remember, so the Chinese degradation will be relatively slow.

The disadvantage of this method is also obvious, that is, the reaction is relatively slow. If it is interpretation, it is not as a direct method to learn Chinese people. But if after a long period of intensive study, the reaction speed can also be improved. Another disadvantage is that there will be more errors. Because of the influence of the mother tongue, so unconsciously, will follow the mother tongue of the thinking of Chinese.

The above describes the advantages and disadvantages of the two methods, then how should foreigners choose? I think, in the choice of time, the first thing to consider is the frequency of their own use of Chinese. If you only use Chinese occasionally, you can use the indirect method of slow degradation to learn. Conversely, if the use of high frequency, it is best to use the direct method to learn Chinese!

Teach old people the skills of learning Chinese

It is believed that every Chinese teacher will encounter such a group in teaching, which is the elderly who learn Chinese. This group has its own characteristics, most of them don’t need to test, just out of interest, or the love of Chinese culture, their initiative is strong, but often not confident about their abilities, sometimes the elderly people’s self-esteem, easy to put does not open, they experience at the same time, always like to ask some deep cultural problems, sometimes to the enthusiasm, still have to test you, embarrass you a little.

First of all, the most important thing to teach the elderly to learn Chinese is to take into account their self-esteem, to teach slowly, more patience, after all, they have less memory and reaction speed than young people, although this is true, but we have to do is not to let them feel that this is a fact.

What is the use of learning Chinese grammar?

What textbooks do you need to learn Chinese?

How do middle-aged people learn Hanyu Pinyin?

Four problems to be overcome when foreigners learn Chinese

How to learn Chinese through Chinese songs?

Foreigners learn Chinese: ten must learn grammar

Watch TV Dramas Learn Chinese

Foreigners learn Chinese textbooks

Why do foreigners like to learn Chinese?

Second, the ordinary learning tasks we can reduce the difficulty, can read as far as possible do not ask for the back, can fight to try not to write, as they are a little small progress, they are particularly concerned about them and praise them, This is very important for maintaining the confidence of the elderly in learning Chinese.

Thirdly, many elderly people learn Chinese because they want to understand Chinese culture. Then we will prepare more teaching plans for Chinese culture, or many people specialize in some aspects, such as studying Wushu, traditional Chinese painting, history, Tang poetry and so on, then we have to prepare the relevant information and learn with them, in short, let them have the greatest achievement, which is to encourage them to continue learning. Sometimes the market teaching materials may not be able to fully meet the learning needs of older students, teachers in accordance with the Chinese language level of older students and motivation to learn to arrange their own textbooks, pay attention to practicality.

Finally, one-on-one courses can be flexibly adjusted according to the characteristics of the elderly, but there are more restrictions on class classes. Teachers must take everyone’s feelings into consideration when going to work and class. The young students Older students can not ignore it. They can pick up some challenging questions for young people to answer when they ask questions in the class. Instead, they choose some relatively simple questions for the elderly to answer. In the group discussion, they try to make young people and the elderly interspersed with arrangements Do not drop the elderly and make progress together.

In fact, they are the most intelligent people, and sometimes I learn from them far more than I taught them, and they are very serious, live to learn the old spirit has been infected me, encouraged me, I believe that as long as teachers have a serious teaching attitude, with equal respect of the mentality to treat this group of lovely old people, can get their approval!

How to teach foreigners to learn Chinese

In recent years, foreigners have become increasingly enthusiastic about learning Chinese. Especially after the Beijing Olympic Games and the Shanghai world expo, many businessmen, tourists and international students have stepped into our country. Then we have how to teach foreigners Chinese?

From what aspects to teach foreigners to learn Chinese, we must first understand the purpose of this student learning. Is to go to China for short-term travel? Long-term work? Or want to learn Chinese? According to the different purposes of teaching content, and whether to learn Pinyin, whether to learn writing.

Pronunciation, there are professional books on the pronunciation of each of the parts, pronunciation methods, such as the tongue placed in what position, the impact of air currents and so on.

As for the teaching plan, we need to tailor it according to the students’ situation. There is no one ready.

There are many books, but good and bad, have to look carefully selected. Some books are textbooks of the Hanban planning in China, which have the sign of “Hanban” and should be better. However, they did not dare to say anything if they did not read it because there are also various economic interests, backdoors and other factors The interference, who knows?

Westerners learn Chinese is a common problem is the tone of the more muddled, even if the University of English translation of the Western teachers, Chinese is strong enough, can speak Chinese or strange accent. I thought of some ways to correct it, and found that it was more effective:

From the students have learned the Chinese word, and in each tone to find a very familiar, can pronounce accurate, very commonly used words, as a representative. For example: 1, guo 2, wo 3, zhong 4. shi, when they read the other words, think about the corresponding “tone representative”, imitate this tune to pronounce. This is indeed effective.

After summing up the teaching of foreigners to learn Chinese has the following points:

一: know what industry this foreign country is engaged in.

二. Learn about the foreigner’s learning of Chinese.

三. Selection of Chinese teaching materials.

四. Teachers’ teaching methods and methods, temporary strain capacity, etc.

What is the use of learning Chinese grammar?

To answer this question, two wrong ideas must be criticized first:

One is the theory of grammatical uselessness.

The second is the theory of universal grammar.

The former think grammar is useless, do not need to learn. The ancients did not learn grammar, but also write good articles, I have not learned grammar today, still write books.

The latter is the opposite, that the grammar is too important, do not learn grammar to write bad articles.

Either way, neither attitude is comprehensive, it can only be a bias. The former reason is that everyone can talk and speak with their own grammar. But talking is not always good. In particular, the written language is not a colloquial language, it is required to be improved, and there can be no grammatical errors, and punctuation is not allowed to be wrong. Especially Chinese teachers, it is not necessary to learn grammar well. If you don’t learn grammar well, you will not be able to parse the language well and correct the grammatical mistakes in your composition, nor can you analyze the long sentences and difficult sentences in the text. They forget that chairman MAO has repeatedly referred to the teachings of grammar, rhetoric and logic. Every middle school student in Europe has to pass strict grammar teaching and training to get a diploma.

On the other hand, grammar (grammar) is everything, and exaggeration. To write a good essay, the first is to have the correct political thought, logical thinking, clear organization, historical knowledge and rich social experience. In the end, we should pay attention to grammar and rhetoric. But do not use the grammar death formula, also do not use the dead grammar rules to find fault, to find a sick sentence. Because, language disease is mostly in the vocabulary, logic, not all in the grammar.

The right attitude should be:

(1) Chinese grammar is useful and should be learned. Learning more and learning less can vary from person to person.

(2) primary school students can learn less grammar, secondary school students should learn. After graduating from high school to go through rigorous grammar training. Some people say that in ancient times there was no such grammar, or different Chinese and European inflectional grammar, simple grammar do not have to learn … …. This is a sophistry argument.

(3) Chinese language teachers in secondary schools must learn well and individual teachers become experts in Chinese grammar.

(4) the university liberal arts grammar teacher and the liberal arts language professional research worker should be the right language grammar expert.

The importance of learning Chinese pinyin

Hanyu Pinyin is the golden key for pupils to open the door to knowledge and the ladder to the scientific peak. By learning Pinyin, you can let your child read the words in your textbook and read them fluently. As children’s literacy increases, so does the level of reading and writing. Therefore, pinyin is the basis of literacy, reading, the premise of the exercise, but also to learn Chinese indispensable part. Therefore, in primary schools not only to learn Hanyu Pinyin, but also must be mastered and applied well. I will talk about the importance of learning Hanyu Pinyin from three aspects.

Key words 1: conducive to the learning of literacy

With pinyin, students can recognize their words and speed up the pace of literacy. If you encounter unknown words in the learning process, guide students to spell a spell with the help of pinyin, read a few times and read more times. During repeated spelling, students learn Chinese characters and also learn how to read Chinese characters . Students learn Hanyu Pinyin, with the help of this tool, their own understanding of the phonetic part of the word, the classic writings in Pinyin Chinese characters, learn some vocabulary. Hanyu Pinyin can feel amazing, can help them read quasi-phonetic (including the difference between polyphonic, correct wrong-reading words), recognize words, access to independent literacy skills. This will stimulate students’ interest in literacy and speed up their literacy so that students can read and write in listening, speaking, reading and writing and improve the quality of literacy. Thus, Hanyu Pinyin is an important and effective tool for literacy.

Keyword 2: to help children read

Learn Hanyu Pinyin, on the one hand, let students through reading to consolidate the Hanyu Pinyin, on the other hand, let students read these texts with the help of Pinyin, through the use of Hanyu Pinyin to read the practice, they read through repeated, can pronounce the pronunciation correctly, can read the text through smoothly, can improve reading ability.

On the basis of the students ‘ reading practice, the teacher can also read out the feelings with the directed reading instruction. Through the reading study, the students ‘ comprehensive quality has been further improved.

This shows that in the students learn the golden age of the mother tongue, reading classics, read, to accumulate as many language materials, cultivate good culture, broaden the personal sense of space, for their future high-level, high-grade development lay a deep foundation.

Key words 3: learn mandarin well

China is a multi-ethnic country, all nationalities have their own language, different regions of the language have obvious differences. Language inconsistency, so that people in the production and life of mutual exchange also brought great inconvenience. Therefore, to learn Mandarin, speak Mandarin has become a necessary ability of people in today’s society. Learning Hanyu Pinyin can help you speak Mandarin. And from the primary school literacy stage, for its lifelong development lay a good foundation.

In short, learn Hanyu Pinyin to students to learn Chinese language, the students ‘ comprehensive quality of the formation and improvement, to help children smoothly into the primary school.

Pinyin tone alphabet

What is the Chinese pinyin vowel?

What is the pinyin initials?

The purpose of learning Chinese pinyin

The ten teaching methods of hanyu pinyin

How do middle-aged people learn Hanyu Pinyin?