Hanyu Pinyin is the golden key to the pupils to open the door to knowledge. It is the basis of literacy, is the premise of reading, writing, but also an indispensable part of learning Chinese. Therefore, the first grade children not only need to learn Hanyu Pinyin, but also must master and apply well. Pinyin can face two months of study, the face of dull alphabet letters, some children handy, some children are frowning. Interest is the best teacher, I think, should be relaxed atmosphere to learn, so that children take the initiative, happy to learn pinyin. The author below to talk about the views.
一、Digging textbooks, teaching according to their aptitude
First-year primary school children naughty, good movement, attention is not stable, not concentrated, easy to be attracted by irrelevant things and distracting attention. If the classroom is still lifeless, it is inevitable that they will lose their interest in learning. Therefore, on the one hand, teachers should be prepared to prepare, mining text interesting, on the other hand, teachers should be full of passion, the use of each text characteristics and some teaching equipment, adjust the atmosphere of the class.
Each phonetic alphabet has the following characteristics: 1. Vivid illustrations. 2. There are lively and cheerful ballads. Teachers should make full use of these resources, triggering children’s desire to learn.
Such as: Learning the initials N, students look at the illustrations, drawing a large door, and its shape and n is almost the same. When the teacher asked the students to make a tongue twister and remember it, the students naturally say “a doorway nnn”. The teacher tightly follow, associative memory, guide the child to say “half m word nnn”. Then, the teacher in the four-line three-grid writing, students easily learned to read, write, and very happy to “n” remember, but also effectively achieved the correct writing teaching purposes.
二、Design method, Happy learning
Pinyin letters, seemingly simple, but a lot of learning methods. Teachers only find the corresponding learning methods, students learn it does not feel boring. Tao Xingzhi said: “We want to develop children’s creativity, we must first children’s mind from superstition, prejudice, misinterpretation, illusion.” Creativity, the child needs more thinking. Teachers should encourage their children to think more and communicate more.
1.Watch more and weave children’s songs.
In the Pinyin alphabet, many letters are very similar pronunciation and shape, which requires the child has a certain ability to distinguish. In order to facilitate differentiation, teachers can guide students to observe first, and then compile some children’s songs and formulas to remember them. Such as to help shape memory: like a 9 word qqq, a half 8 sss, right lower semicircle bbb, etc .; such as help spell the rules of the spell: small u see jqx, remove the sunglasses and then shake hands; : There a not miss, did not find a, o, e, iu side by side marked. Another example: teaching Pinyin process, I also did not let students observe life. Students recalled, m like McDonald’s mark, l like the teacher’s whistle, etc., their own children’s songs, autonomous memory, impressed than the teacher.
2.More hands-on, play games.
Tao Xingzhi wrote “Man has two treasures”, which tells everyone: hands and brain, can create. Pinyin teaching, without the hands, but also the combination of hand and brain. Children like playing games best. With the integration of the game, the Classroom “live” a lot.
(1)Find a letter
Just learn pinyin, the child is not impressed with the shape of the letter, whether in the beginning of learning, or end, look for letters can help consolidate. Give the students a picture and let them find out where these letters are hidden, see who is looking for more, and find out.
(2)Find a Friend
There are many ways to find a friend’s game. Can, take out a picture to send the student finals to find the initials. You can also attach syllables directly to the corresponding graph. After teaching Angengingong, I found many pictures on the internet, such as kites, pandas, houses and eagles, and printed them out. I sent four vowel cards to four students and asked them to put the vowel on the blackboard. The children sang to find a friend’s song, on the stage to post, interest.
(3)Guess the riddle
Guessing games have always been welcomed by children. I usually take these methods to make the children guess. One is I say the pithy, they say the letter. For example, easy to confuse the letter to ask a higher frequency. Q: Lower left semicircle? Q: Lower right semicircle? One is “dumb” guessing. For example, Guess 6 single finals, just use the lips. I tried to open my mouth and they knew it was a, my teeth were smiling, they guessed I, and so on. Second, when playing riddles, we can also train, group games, men and women, and so on, students ‘ enthusiasm will be higher.
(4)Tell a Story
Children generally like to hear stories. In pinyin teaching, there is a difficulty, which is the combination of JQX and u. The children seem a little out of patience when it comes to teaching. I immediately said, “would you like to hear a story? The children who want to hear should sit up straight. It worked well, and I said, the little bear is fool enough to see his good friend JQX. He was so happy that he put out his hand to shake hands with them. But then I thought, how can I shake hands with a hat? As a result, he quickly took off his hat and shook hands with them. For this, the camera shows a little song: little u sees JQX, takes off sunglasses and shakes hands. Look, the difficult point becomes the story and the nursery rhyme, completely enters the child’s fairy tale world to go.
3.Encourage more and criticize less.
The story of Mr. Tao xingzhi’s candy is so impressive that I have to be impressed by Mr. Tao’s praise art. Every child wants to be praised. In learning pinyin, we cannot discourage students from learning, encourage more, criticize less, and let students fall in love with learning. I often take the “who will be the teacher” method in my class. If every new lesson is finished, let the little teacher read the review. In class, let the small teacher imitate the teacher’s previous teaching method to lead the people to learn simple knowledge points. This method, a lot of children like, even the average grade generally even a little backward of all bold raise a hand. It seems that children’s exhibitionism cannot be ignored. Of course, the praise of the teacher is essential, and encouragement is of course more important.
三、Consolidating learning is especially important
Practice is the best way to test the effect of learning. Chinese learning is more closely related to one’s daily life. After learning pinyin, I encouraged the students to do something. One is in their own book with Pinyin to write the name, and then irregular call some children send the book of the class. Second, in the classroom windows, podium, Blackboard, the door, drinking fountains, televisions and other stickers on the phonetic card. Third, home to find the electrical appliances, furniture, write their name, in the class meeting exchange. Unconsciously, in the intravenous drip of life, students learn knowledge to consolidate.
“Take a living education to teach live students,” said Mr. Tao. “Everywhere is the place of creation, every day is the creation of the people, everyone is created.” In pinyin teaching, only the teacher takes out enthusiasm, innovates and seeks the effective teaching method, stimulates the student to learn the pinyin the fun, can let the student learn pinyin, can let them be happy to study.