Chinese character learning tips

The language is extensive and profound, does the child that just go to school feel difficult? Mom and dad, you can’t do anything about it? There is a secret to learning Chinese characters, so long as you master the secret, anyone can become a Chinese dictionary.

How to make students learn Chinese characters easily?

Learn 100 Chinese characters in Chinese

Chinese character practical teaching method

Chinese character learning tips

Associative memory method

The Chinese characters are extensive and profound, so they can use the associative memory method to connect the words with specific parts into a sentence.

For example, with the word “heart” : missing is a kind of very hanging thing, such as shadow with the silent and without interest. As a result, these specific parts of the text will “linger in my mind”.

Drawing and Literacy method

“In fact, the image of Chinese characters is not initially we see, but after a long evolutionary process, the first is the knot, then is pictographs, the last is now simplified, but a lot of the meaning of Chinese characters remain hieroglyphs, therefore, drawing literacy method also can yet be regarded as a literate.” “Yang said.

In the process of memorizing Chinese characters, using a pen to draw out the general shape of a thing makes a simple and vivid picture, which is more intuitive and easier to accept than the information conveyed by the language.

Such as memorization “moon and water” and other characters, the student in a small river, on the paper attached to draw three hills, then improve the occasion, the river turn into a “water”, the hill evolved into “mountain”. In this way, it can accurately understand and understand the meaning of Chinese characters, and also remember the shape of Chinese characters, forming a deep and strong impression and improving the efficiency of memorizing Chinese characters.

Code Shun slip literacy method

The child sex play, if can combine teaching yu le, take advantage of the child’s psychological characteristic, make some Chinese characters into fluent, will let the Chinese character become vivid and interesting.

As “from” the word: two people do friends, tandem follow, such as the “spring” word, make up for, three people together in the sunshine, and the more complex “blue” word, make up for: aunt wang, beautiful white, butt sitting on the stone. Similarly, this method can be used in memorizing some type of near word.

Crossword notation

The same use of children love to play the nature, in addition to knitting jingle, can also guess crossword, can improve the interest of students to read, but also to enable students to long knowledge, broaden their horizons, is to train students to develop a good desire to learn from childhood.

such as: 1, bite off a cow’s tail—-tell. 2. A man sleeps by a tree—-Hugh. 3, cattle walk the bridge-born.

Look for literacy

By changing the Chinese character to the side, deepen the memory. If you remember the word “follow”, you can contact the Chinese characters you know before to memorize it: “follow” and replace “very” and “double side” with “feet”. “Class”, the “tree” of the “tree” “next to the word” and so on.

Of course, in the memorization of Chinese characters, by observing, thinking, discussing and arguing, from the aspects of ministry, structure, and so on, we should classify the characters and find the rules of learning.

After learning a lot of the words “beside the wooden word”, the students know that the words “beside the wooden word” are mostly not related to the tree. I further guided the students to conclude that most of the words related to “water” have “three water”, and “next to the month” is usually related to the body.

This is not the most comprehensive, the Chinese character is extensive and profound, still waiting for the students to explore the discovery themselves, will understand the mystery of the Chinese characters.

How to learn Chinese color word method?

This singer is now ______, A red, B white, C yellow, D black. This is a hsk exam, if the Chinese people go to the exam, it is natural to choose the red, but many Japanese and South Korean candidates to choose the white, this result makes us incredible. From this Chinese case, we can find that certain Chinese words have given profound cultural meanings. Language is the carrier of culture, everywhere embodied in intercultural communication.

How to learn Chinese color word method?
  Many words in Chinese have cultural meanings, for example, when talking about “magpie”, they immediately think of something festive. When they talk about “fame,” they mean ambition. Narcissus has the meaning of purity and elegance in Chinese, but it is narcissistic in English. Often, the same meaning is different in different cultural environments, so cultural conflicts sometimes occur.

In Chinese, several colors have their own additional meaning.

  Red:

The Han people like red for a long time, reminding people of the sun and the fire to bring happiness and bright light, which is extended to be a celebration and auspicious meaning.

  White:

Reminiscent of white clouds, snow, so a sense of pride and elegance, due to historical reasons, white is also dangerous.

  Yellow:

is the color of the Chinese nation, is regarded as a symbol of the country, because of contact with the royal family, it is also a symbol of wealth. Pornography refers to the introduction of pornography from the United States. It can be seen that the meaning of culture in different countries is also very different.

  Black:

The ancients believed that black represented the north and winter, symbolizing sadness, desolation and anger. Black in ancient times is also a symbol of noble and solemn, in the modern in addition to these two kinds of meanings, also on behalf of the mysterious black, since ancient times people afraid of the dark, so black also symbolizes the fear and mysterious. Therefore, in serious and advanced occasions, men wear black suits, and women’s black dresses are considered solemn and elegant. In funeral and memorial, relatives and friends also wear black and black to show seriousness and respect.

  purple:

Purple in the Chinese culture and the same red and yellow, a symbol of wealth and noble. In Chinese, to say that a person is gaining popularity is “red and purple.” Peking Opera purple face showing solemn, steady, full of sense of justice characters.

  green:

Green is the color of plants, is a symbol of vitality, the modern mention of green is also mostly from the environmental protection, youthful vitality such a positive sense. In the ancient culture, the green represents a lot of negative meaning, beginning with humble ordinary people’s clothing, then to the “Green Hat” such a clearly derogatory term, as well as representing the unpleasant atmosphere, Such as describing a person “angry face is green.”

  gray:

Gray represents depression, disappointment, contains negative implications.

Japan and South Korea students chose the stars is very white, because in their national, pure white said, but they don’t know how say in Chinese white terror, unfortunate meanings, such as this is the influence of negative transfer. Of course, there are a lot of people in the face of foreign cultural nationalism of the protection of the in the mind, we do not recommend that students take the attitude of acceptance, just hope they can change a perspective different from our own culture and not biased to Chinese cultural stereotypes, can retain their own cultural identity, and according to China’s specific conditions to experience and observe.

Color words in Chinese are a manifestation of Chinese culture.

How to learn Chinese phonetic alphabet

Vowels, consonants, initials, consonants of the relationship

Every word we say is made up of words one by one. Words have monosyllabic words and many syllable words. Multi-syllable words are composed of “syllables” (a Chinese character) connected one by one. Everyone often treats each syllable as a unit of speech because the speaker himself perceives each syllable as being an entire voice. The obedient listens to each syllable as a voice. The two words “a (a) ai” and “yi (ⅰ) service (u)” each include two syllables, each of which is indeed a voice, and it is no longer possible to analyze what is coming. However, each of the following groups of words has a different syllable:

Feng – rich learning – school machine – reading device – book

The four words read that they would feel that the front of “rich” is the voice of f, the front of “school (xué xiào)” is the voice of x,

The back of the “machine” is the voice of i “more study dú shū)” are the voices of the back.

That means that the syllables can also analyze things, and the components in these syllables are called phonemes. Phonemes are the smallest units of speech, while syllables can be called “natural units of phonetic sound”.

Chinese pinyin generally in a letters a phoneme, only useful ch she er and ing several phonemes in double letters.

Learn 100 Chinese characters in Chinese

This list helps, especially for knowing about 80 characters that can help beginners to the language compose simple sentences. The number indicates the character’s usage in most Chinese conversations.

1 的 (de / 95.9) – particle used after an attribute

2 一 (yī / 94.3) – noun one

3 是 (shì / 93.0) – verb to be; adjective correct, right

4 不 (bù / 91.8) – adverb no

5 了 (le / 90.7) – particle used after an action that has taken place or changed

6 在 (zài / 89.7) – preposition in, on, at; adverb indicating an ongoing action

7 人 (rén / 88.7) – noun human, people, person soul

8 有(yǒu / 87.8) – verb have, possess, get, there is

9 我 (wǒ / 86.9) – pronoun I; 我的 wǒde my; 我们 wǒmen we, us

10 他 (tā / 86.1) – pronoun he, him; 他的 tāde his

11 这 (zhè / 85.3) – pronoun this, these

12 个 (gè / 84.7) – general measure word for nouns without specific measure words; adjectiveindividual

13 们 (men / 84.1) – pronoun used to form a plural pronoun

14 中 (zhōng / 83.5) – noun center, middle, in the midst of; abbrev。 China

15 来 (82.9 / lái) – verb arrive, come; indicate an intended action; particle indicate time period from past to present

16 上 (shàng / 82.4) – preposition on, above, upper; verb go up, go to, leave for; adjective last, most recent

17 大 (dà / 81.8) – adjective great, large, big; age; eldest

18 为 (wèi / 81.3) – preposition for, in the sake of

19 和 (hé / 80.8) – conjunction and; preposition in connection to, with; adjective gentle; noun total, sum

20 国 (guó / 80.3) – noun country, state; adjective national

21 地 (dì / 79.8) – noun the ground; land, soil; place, area

22 到 (dào / 79.3) – verb arrive, reach, go to; preposition up until, to

23 以 (yǐ / 78.8) – preposition by, for; conjunction and, as well as

24 说 (shuō / 78.4) – verb to say, speak, talk; to explain; to scold

25 时 (shí / 77.9) – noun period of time; time of day, hour

26 要 (yào / 77.5) – verb to want, ask for, wish; must, should; shall, will; take, need; adjectiveimportant, essential

27 就 (jiù / 77.1) – adverb at once, right away; already; precisely

28 出 (chū / 76.7) – verb to go out, go beyond; exceed; to issue, produce; to happen

29 会 (huì / 76.3) – verb can, be able to; would, might; to assemble; to meet; noun meeting, party; association

30 可 (kě / 76.0) – verb can, may; conjunction but, yet, however

31 也 (yě / 75.6) – adverb too, as well, also; used for emphasis

32 你 (nǐ / 75.2) – pronoun you, yourself; your (used with 的 de)

33 对 (duì / 74.9) – adjective right, correct; opposite; verb to answer, reply; preposition with regard to

34 生 (shēng / 74.5) – verb to bear, to give birth to; noun student; adjective alive, living; unripe, raw

35 能 (néng / 74.2) – verb can, could, be able to; noun ability, skill; energy; adjective capable, able

36 而 (ér / 73.8) – conjunction and, as well as, to

37 子 (zǐ / 73.5) – noun son, child; person; copper; adjective young, tender, small; affiliated

38 那 (nà / 73.2) – pronoun that, then

39 得 (dé / 72.8) – verb to get, obtain; be satisfied; be suitable; (of calculation) result in, equal

40 于 (yú / 72.5) – preposition in, on, at; from; by

41 着 (zhe / 72.2) – particle added to a verb or an adjective to indicate a continued action

42 下 (xià / 71.9) – preposition below, under; verb to go down; to come; adverb down; noun next (in order)

43 自 (zì / 71.6) – pronoun self; preposition from, since; adverb of course, certainly

44 之 (zhī / 71.2) – particle used between an attribute and the word it modifies

45 年 (nián / 70.9) – noun year; age; adjective annually, yearly

46 过 (guò / 70.6) – verb to cross, pass; to exceed; to spend (time); adverb too

47 发 (fā / 70.3) – verb to give, issue, emit; to start; to feel; to shoot; measure word for bullets and shells

48 后 (hòu / 70.0) – noun behind, back, rear; after; later; last

49 作 (zuò / 69.8) – verb to write, compose; regard as; noun writings; work

50 里 (lǐ / 69.5) – preposition in, inside; noun inner; hometown; neighborhood; measure word unit of length

51 用 (yòng / 69.2) – verb to use, apply; to consume, drink, eat; noun expenses; adjective utility, use

52 道 (dào / 68.9) – noun road, way; method; Taoism; verb to say, speak; measure word for long, narrow objects; doors, walls; questions, orders; courses in a meal

53 行 (xíng / 68.7) – verb to go; to travel; to cover; to do; to perform; to publish; noun conduct

54 所 (suǒ 68.4) – noun place; office; measure word for houses, schools, hospitals

55 然 (rán / 68.1) – adjective right, correct; adverb so, like that

56 家 (jiā / 67.9) – noun family; house; household, home; an expert

57 种 (zhòng / 67.6) – verb to grow, plant; to cultivate; to sow

58 事 (shì / 67.3) – noun matter, affair, business; work, job; trouble, accident; involvement, responsibility

59 成 (chéng / 67.1) – verb to accomplish, succeed; to turn into, become; noun result, achievement

60 方 (fāng / 66.8) – noun square; direction; place, locality; side; party

61 多 (duō / 66.6) – adjective a lot of, many, more; verb to have more; adverb to what extent

62 经 (jīng / 66.3) – verb to manage, deal with; to pass through, undergo, experience; bear; adjectiveregular, constant; preposition after

63 么 (me / 66.1) – suffix for certain characters (pronoun 什么shenme / what; 那么nàme / then, like that)

64 去 (qù / 65.8) – verb to go; to go to a place; to remove;

65 法 (fǎ / 65.5) – noun law; method; way; standard; model

66 学 (xué / 65.4) – verb to study, to learn; to imitate, mimic; noun school, college

67 如 (rú / 65.1) – verb like, as, if; for instance; conjunction if

68 都 (dōu / 64.9) – adverb all, both; even; already

69 同 (tóng / 64.7) – verb be the same as; adverb together, in common; preposition used for comparison

70 现 (xiàn / 64.4) – verb to show, to appear, to become visible; adjective present, current; nouncash, money

71 当 (dāng / 64.2) – verb should; act as; accept; deserve; preposition just at

72 没 (méi / 64.0) – verb to be without; not have; adverb not

73 动 (dòng / 63.8) – verb to move; to use; to touch; to arouse

74 面 (miàn / 63.6) – noun noodle; face; surface; measure word for flat things

75 起 (qǐ / 63.3) – verb to rise, to get up; to grow, to begin; adjective upward, up

76 看 (kàn / 63.1) – verb to see, to look at, to watch over; to look after, tend

77 定 (dìng / 62.9) – verb to decide, fix, set; to subscribe; adjective calm, stable; adverb surely, definitely

78 天 (tiān / 62.7) – noun sky, heaven; weather; time of day

79 分 (fēn / 62.5) – verb to divide, part, separate; to allot, distribute, assign; measure word for minute, cent, fraction, point, mark

80 还 (hái / 62.3) – adverb still, yet; even more; also, too; even

81 进 (jìn / 62.0) – verb to advance, move forward; to enter, get into

82 好 (hǎo / 61.8) – adjective good, fine, well; done

83 小 (xiǎo / 61.6) – adjective small, little, minor; young, youngest; a bit

84 部 (bù / 61.4) – noun part, section; headquarters, department; measure word for machines, vehicles; films

85 其 (qí / 61.2) – pronoun his, her, its, their; he, she, it, they; that, such

86 些 (xiē / 61.0) – measure word some, few; a little more

87 主 (zhǔ / 60.8) – noun host; master; owner; adjective main; verb to manage, to take charge

88 样 (yàng / 60.6) – noun appearance, shape; sample, pattern; type

89 理 (lǐ / 60.4) – noun reason, logic, truth; verb to manage, run; to put in order

90 心 (xīn / 60.2) – noun heart; core, center; feeling; mind; intention

91 她 (tā / 60.0) – pronoun she, her, hers

92 本 (běn / 59.8) – noun book, script; adjective current; adverb at first, originally measure word for books

93 前 (qián /59.6) – noun front; forward; ahead; ago; before

94 开 (kāi / 59.4) – verb to open, open up; to begin, start; to operate; to hold (a meeting)

95 但 (dàn / 59.2) – conjunction but, still, yet; adverb only

96 因 (yīn / 59.0) – preposition because of noun cause, reason

97 只 (zhǐ / 58.8) – adverb only, merely, just, but

98 从 (cóng / 58.6) – preposition from, through, past; verb to follow; to comply, obey

99 想 (xiǎng / 58.4) – verb to think, to ponder; to miss; to want (doing something)

100 实 (shí / 58.2) – adjective solid; real, true; factual; noun reality, fact; fruit; seed

How can foreigners learn Chinese quickly?

If you ask foreigners what is the hardest part of learning Chinese, they will speak Chinese in the first place. Chinese characters have three difficulties “difficult to recognize, hard to write, difficult to remember”, this should be the consensus of all foreigners. In order to teach Chinese class, I read a lot of information, but also taught a lot of industry leaders. I will not repeat them for various common problems. For the primary class Chinese class, I just want to say: Let foreigners who have just started to learn Chinese should write Chinese characters under the teacher’s attention. Because students have different native languages, they are easily influenced by the writing habits of their own native language. If the students are merely arranged for copywriting, the effect may not be good.

I have an Egyptian friend very hard, after class, I am very hard to take the initiative to copy the word, copy the text, a copy is dozens of times dozens of times, looks workmanship, but I found in the classroom, he wrote horizontal When, is written from right to left, when writing vertical is written from the bottom up, the structure of the word is often written from right to left. For example, “Ming”, he first wrote “month” in writing “day”, “month” that write is also written from the bottom up. His writing habits of Chinese characters have obviously been influenced by the habit of writing in Arabic. This point, if you do not observe in the Chinese class, only to see the students hand in the operation, will not find any problems.

After discovering this problem, I switched to homework in the classroom, using “Shu Hong exercises” with stroke instructions for a period of time. This will enable students to discover and promptly correct any problems they may have when learning Chinese. So, just start teaching foreigners Chinese characters when tired, over and over again stressed that over and over again. When students have mastered the correct writing rules, to develop a standardized writing habits, you can adjust the classroom teaching content!

Foreigners learn Chinese is a difficult process to teach Chinese characters is only part of it, but I think this is also a process of enjoyment, so when you think about foreign students who have been taught, the heart is full of joy!

Chinese character practical teaching method

Many foreigners are interested and looking forward to learning Chinese , but often they can only express their disappointment without success. The root cause of this result lies in the four difficulties of the Chinese characters themselves, hard to read, hard to write, hard to recognize, hard to remember. For foreigners who have become accustomed to phonetic writing, Chinese characters are undoubtedly the same as the Bible. They are completely strange and complicated things. It is not easy for them to grasp it. As a result, Chinese characters have become the biggest bottleneck in teaching Chinese as a foreign language.

For decades, some experts have put forward a series of concepts of Chinese teaching such as “aphorism and posthumous writing”, “Chinese translation”, “crossover of pinyin and Chinese characters”, “teaching of Chinese character parts structure” and so on, all of which are trying to explore An effective way of teaching Chinese characters, but from the teaching point of view, has not yet well meet the needs of the current teaching of Chinese characters

Teaching of Chinese characters must not be neglected. We should constantly sum up some experiences in teaching to communicate with each other and find ways to help students master Chinese characters more quickly.

Recognition and Divergence is a new idea put forward by Chinese teaching in recent years. It believes that in the teaching of Chinese characters, the recognition and writing of Chinese characters should not be regarded as a whole, but should be regarded as different and can be divided into steps Completed mission. It reminds me of an Egyptian who once taught to come to China for four months and never learned Chinese systematically. When we sent a message, he actually used Chinese. I was surprised to ask him how it was so short Of the time mastered a large number of Chinese characters, he told me that is to use the function of people in the vicinity of WeChat constantly chat with friends, completely chatting with Chinese characters, at the beginning he did not understand a bit, but slowly recognize a large number of Chinese characters However, although he knows a lot of Chinese characters, writing these Chinese characters still needs to work hard for him.

In fact, there are deep scientific bases for such wonderful learning methods. From the psychology of memory theory, Chinese characters read and write are two different types of information extraction process, so the degree of effort required is also different. The process of recognizing Chinese characters is basically a kind of recognition and recognition of Chinese characters. The writing of Chinese characters is a process of recalling and reproducing the meaning and meaning of Chinese characters. In general, the former is easier to read than the latter Word may not be able to write, can write the word will be able to read, read is to write the foundation. In general, in combination with the teaching practice of learners in “non-Chinese cultural circles”, we adopt the teaching mode of “recognizing more and less writing in the early stage, recognizing and writing more in the medium term and combining the latter with writing and recognition later.”