How to obtain a Putonghua certificate?

Now many people want to be engaged in the profession of teachers, and when the premise of the teacher is through Putonghua proficiency test, to obtain a Putonghua certificate. Again to the two-year Putonghua test, let me tell you how to obtain a Putonghua certificate ~

How to obtain a Putonghua certificate?

1. Now the test of putonghua is carried out on the computer, so it is sure to use the computer.

2, the day of the examination you can go to the examination room early, because if you go early, the teacher will give you a seat, you can finish early (anyway, our school is such a drop ~) before the test, you will go to a classroom to wait for the test, each of the seats have a piece of paper, which is basically your exam content, At this time you can take out the mobile phone to search for some of the knowledge you need, of course, into the room will have to turn off the machine!

3, enter the computer room, the first Test sound, because the volume will affect the radio, and then affect the test results, if the test fails to wait for the teacher to arrange a new exam.

4, the following into the formal examination of the link, divided into four parts. The first part is to read the monosyllabic word 100, limited to 3 minutes. Objective to investigate the pronunciation of Mandarin initials, vowels and pinyin tones of the candidates.

5, the second part is to read the two-syllable words 50, limited to 3 minutes. The purpose is to test the vocal, rhyme, tune pronunciation, but also to examine Shang modulation, retroflex rhyme and the pronunciation of the tone.

6, the third part is 400 words read aloud, limited to 4 minutes. The aim is to examine the ability of candidates to read aloud written materials in Mandarin, and to focus on pronunciation and intonation.

7, the fourth part is free to play: Speak, the time is not less than 3 minutes. The purpose of this study is to examine the standard of the candidates who speak Putonghua without words. After the final part of the exam, the exam is over. Wait a while to get a Putonghua certificate ~

Precautions

Do not speed too fast, too fast, the microphone record is not clear, affect the results.

When the last free play, it is best not to have “er, ah, that” these words, it will affect the results.

How to face the mandarin test easily?

A lot of people in the process of the test of putonghua proficiency test, because of the poor mental state, can not play their own standard of putonghua, leaving many regrets. For example: read the words and misread the words that are already familiar; Stuttering, repetition and omission in reading articles; There is no train of thought in the speech, think a sentence, say to stop, always also be not enough “long three minutes”. Therefore, how to adjust the state of mind, easy to take the examination, becomes the examinee must face a difficult problem. The author provides some simple and practical methods to discuss with you and hope to help overcome this problem.

First, the earnest preparation

The basic reason for the stress of the examinees is that the preparation is not sufficient and the psychology is not sufficient. The only way to overcome this mental state is to focus on your putonghua and take advantage of every opportunity to learn mandarin. With sufficient strength, confidence is there, tension is naturally eliminated.

Second, Adjust the atmosphere and take the exam easily

The specific approach is:

1, to find a chance to understand the whole process of Putonghua proficiency test, make the appropriate preparations; do not because of a link and the expected situation is inconsistent to make their own confused when confused.

2, with a calm attitude to the subject of the lottery, do not have to take chances, that pumping the sign they want will be extraordinary play. In fact, the difficulty of each sign of the difference is not large, the key is to prepare a comprehensive, well-prepared.

3, after entering the test room to find a chance and testers say a few words, reasonable and justified “sets of near.” Relaxing yourself and adjusting the atmosphere so that the test is conducted in a relaxed and enjoyable atmosphere is something that both the tester and the test taker are happy to do.

4, the test center devoted himself, do not stare at the testers of the old written – testers pen look, you are nervous, why torture yourself so. Of course, when you are not allowed to take a few words, it is permissible to look at the testers’ reflections and correct them in time Do not have to be so.

5, finished measuring the left test room, with the testers say “thank you”, and then calmly from the examination room. What should be done, what can be regrettable?

Third, the use of rules to reduce errors

1. When you read a word, if you find that you misread it, don’t give it up easily. You can correct it by rule. When you read a double word, if there is one word you don’t know, don’t read the whole word. Each syllable of the two-tone word is scored independently, and you can get one word for each word.

Half a point.

2. When you read an article, you will find that a word is misread or missed.

3. Talk about things you are familiar with and don’t have to try to find out whether the sentences are beautiful or not. Don’t look at your watch all the time. Worry about three minutes.

In the whole test, each test content has corresponding test rules, and the examinees should fully grasp these rules before testing to avoid unnecessary mistakes. The proportion of reading and speaking is larger, which is also an easy test for people to lose points. In future discussions, these two items will be the main topics.

Putonghua Proficiency Test Level Standard Introduction

The standard of putonghua proficiency test (putonghua proficiency test) issued by the national language and text work committee is the national standard for the classification of putonghua proficiency levels. The level of putonghua is divided into three grades: one, two, three, and each grade is divided into two grades; Grade a is the highest, grade 3 b is the lowest. The test subjects’ putonghua level is determined according to the score obtained in the test.

Mandarin grade standards

Level 1

Grade a (97 points and above)

When reading and talking freely, the pronunciation standard, vocabulary, grammar is correct, the intonation is natural, the expression is fluent. The total test loss rate is within 3%.

B et al (92 points and above but less than 97 points)

When reading aloud and talking freely, the pronunciation standard, vocabulary, grammar is correct, the intonation is natural, the expression is fluent. I have the pronunciation, the word adjustment error. Test total lose rate is within 8%.

The secondary

Grade a (87 points and above but less than 92)

When reading aloud and talking freely, the basic standard of vocal rhythm sounds, the intonation is natural, the expression is fluent. A few difficult points (flat warping tongue, front and rear nasal vowels, side nasal sound, etc.) sometimes make mistakes. Vocabulary and grammar are rarely wrong. Test total loss rate within 13%.

B et al. (80 points and above but less than 87 points)

When reading aloud and talking freely, individual values are not allowed. Sounds more difficult (flat become warped tongue before and after the sound, the nasal end, nasal, fu – hu, z – useful – j, plenum unaspirated, I – u all, keep media, turbidity affricate, losing u, after finals tone, etc.), more mistakes. The dialect is not obvious, there is the use of dialect words, dialect grammar. The total test loss rate is within 20%.

Three levels

Grade a (70 points and above but less than 80 points)

When reading aloud and talking freely, there are a lot of mistakes in pronunciation. The tone of the dialect is obvious. Vocabulary, grammar mistakes. Test total loss rate within 30%.

B et al. (60 points and above but less than 70 points)

When reading aloud and talking freely, there are many mistakes in pronunciation, and the pronunciation is prominent. The tone of the dialect is obvious. There are many mistakes in vocabulary and grammar. The stranger listened to his conversation without understanding. The total test loss rate is within 40%.

Mandarin test outline

(putonghua proficiency test (PSC) is issued by the national language and text working committee and is the national unified outline for the test of putonghua proficiency test. Putonghua proficiency test paper is all from the outline.

The content is introduced

(1) mandarin speech analysis, brief and accurate description and introduction of the tone of putonghua to guide the readers to learn mandarin. This is not part of the test range.

(2) provide common words (glossary), table 1 and table 2. Table 1 is compiled according to the Chinese proficiency level and the syllabus of the Chinese proficiency test, which is published in the Chinese language teaching office and the Chinese proficiency test department. In table 2, some common words in the dictionary of modern Chinese dictionary compiled by the dictionary office of the institute of linguistics of Chinese academy of social sciences were selected, with 15,496 articles. These words can basically meet the general oral communication and correct reading the general written material needs, is one of the scope of the test. In the test, two test items were read syllable word and double syllable word. Among them, the words selected from table 1 accounted for 60%, and the words selected from table 2 accounted for 40%.

(3) it provides some common words and phrases that are not consistent with the standard of mandarin. In the test, the selected part is used to measure the proficiency of the Chinese grammar of the examinee.

(4) provide 50 reading materials in order 1 to 50 for reading test. During the test, the candidate randomly selected two Numbers to determine one of the tests.

(5) list the topic of 1-50 as the topic of speech test. At the time of the test, the candidate randomly selected two Numbers to determine one of the topics for the speech test.

(6) the mandarin level test outline in general also expounds the requirements and characteristics of putonghua proficiency test, the volume of putonghua proficiency test system requirements, putonghua proficiency test score. Therefore, those who participate in the putonghua proficiency test must first learn and master the content of the outline and carry out the necessary training before being tested on the basis of the conditions.

Putonghua test papers introduced

Putonghua proficiency test paper consists of five test items with a total score of 100.

(1) reading monosyllabic words 100, time limit 3 minutes, accounting for 10 points. Objective to test the pronunciation of mandarin initials, finals and tones.

(2) read two syllable words with 50 words, and the time limit is 3 minutes, accounting for 20 points. The aim is to check the pronunciation, rhyme and tone of the test, and to check the tone, rhyme and tone.

(3) judge the test, and the time limit is 3 minutes, accounting for 10 points. The purpose of this study is to examine the degree of Chinese vocabulary and grammar.

(4) four hundred words, four minutes, 30 minutes. The aim is to examine the ability of examinees to read written materials in mandarin, with emphasis on pronunciation, phonological changes, intonation and so on.

(5) speaking, not less than 3 minutes, 30 minutes. The aim is to test the standard of mandarin Chinese in the absence of words.