- 1What is adverbial
- 2Modern adage
- 3Language in classical Chinese
- 4General adverbial sentence
- 5Adverbial exercises
- 6Related reading recommended
What is adverbial
Adverbial is an important modifier of sentence and another additional component of predicate. It is generally attached to the predicate center before the predicate, from the situation, time, place, mode, condition, object, affirmation, negation, scope and extent of the predicate Center word modification, restrictions. In different languages, “adverbial” has different roles. Chinese adverbial is an antecedent component of verbs or adjectives, which is used to modify or restrict verbs or adjectives, and to indicate the state, manner, time, place or extent of the action. Verbs, adjectives, adverbs or the entire sentence; German adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, adverbs or the entire sentence.
In modern Chinese, the adverbial adverbial adverbials and the first adverbial adverbial adverbial clauses lie in the subject and the predicate, which play the role of modification and limit the central part of the predicate. The adverbial adverbials are rare, but in terms of time, place and purpose, Prepositional structures do adverbs, the adage can be put in front of the subject, such as “in 1949, our country held a founding ceremony”, “In Beijing, we visited the Forbidden City” where “in 1949, in Beijing “Is the time and place of the table first adverbial.
Written signs of adverbials are “地”, such as “xiao ming pleasantly home”, of course, sometimes adverbial nor “Ground”, such as “they met in Shanghai,” which happily in Shanghai is an adverb
General adverbial sentence
He left already
See you in Beijing
Song Wang into the deep memories
Science finally defeated theocracy with great, unquenchable power
In 1949, our country held a founding ceremony
In Hangzhou, we visited the beauty of the West Lake
Common forms of adverbials
Adverbs, adjectives often make adverbs.
2. Said the time, the premises of the nouns often adverbial, general adverbs do not adverbial verbs, in addition to aids rarely adverbial.
3. Prepositional structures often make adverbs
To put it plainly, is to modify the action of the word can also be understood as modified predicate words.
Multilingual order of arrangement:
The ordering of multilayered speech depends on the logical relations within the adverbial language and the need of representation.
A, the purpose or reason of the mediation phrase
B, table time or place
C, the tone of the table (adverb) or object (presenter phrase)
D, expression or procedure.
In addition, the mediation phrase that represents the object is generally immediately before the center.
Example: Many teachers in the lounge chatted passionately with him yesterday. [Correct order: Many teachers chatted with him (object) enthusiastically (in context) yesterday (time) in the restroom (place). ]
Language in classical Chinese
In classical Chinese, adverbials are classified into general adverbials and adverbials. In classical Chinese, adverbials tend to be postpositioned, and adverbial postings are one of several important inverted-flip patterns in classical Chinese
General adverbial sentence
Zhou Huan Wang Zuo Zhaowu Qu Wubu Gong (Sima Qian “Historical Records”)
Translated as Zhouheng Wang sent Chung-kuo to fight Quwu Wu Gong, including “make Ji Chung” as an adage
2. Adverbial post-sentence example
“However, the guards of the minister, relentless, faithful people, forget those who are outside, cover chasing the first emperor’s special encounter.” (Zhuge Liang “ex-teacher list”)
Translated as “However, the court guards escort officials do not slacken on the battlefield loyal ambitious soldiers who careless, presumably they remembered the first emperor’s special understanding of their grace”, which “inside”, “outside” is an adage Post
“General war in Hebei, fought in Henan.” “Banquet”
Translated as “the generals fought in Hebei, I fought in Henan”, in which “Hebei, Henan” is the adverbial post
“Covered by the palm” (Pu Songling “knitting”)
The positive sequence is “cover with palm” is translated as “cover with the palm (crickets)”, “to palm” is the adverbial post
Green, taken from the blue, and blue in the blue; ice, water, and cold water (Xunzi “Encouraging Learning”)
Translated as “Indigo This dye is extracted from the bluegrass, however, more than the color of bluegrass; ice is made of cold water condensation, but more cold than water,” which “in the blue, in the water “For the typical adverbial post
Each false by the collection of books, hand recording (Song lian “send Dongyang Ma sequence”)
Translated as “people often borrow books, hand copied”, which “in the collection of books” is adverbial post
In modern Chinese, adverbials often appear in post-modern forms. Nowadays modern adverbs use only modifiers and restrictive predicates behind the predicates as complement rather than adverbials. Therefore, adverbials are only found in ancient times.
(A) fill in the appropriate adverb
(B) choose the appropriate adverbial fill in the blank
(C) conjunctions into sentences
1、去年 来 他 常常 我这里
2、走过去 身边 从 他们 我 慢慢地
3、对 健康 有 运动 好处
4、从来 她 去 北京 过 没有
5、洗脸 经常 用 香皂 她
(D) determine the right or wrong statement