Mandarin is not difficult to learn. But many foreigners don’t learn well. After studying for many years, speaking mandarin is always not standard pronunciation. The pronunciation of putonghua is based on Beijing pronunciation. Therefore, to learn the standard and authentic mandarin pronunciation, we must get rid of the influence of non-standard pronunciation.
In order to overcome the influence of dialect, it is important to know the main differences between Chinese pronunciation and pronunciation. In fact, if foreigners want to learn mandarin well, just master the following three key points in pronunciation.
How to learn mandarin pronunciation well?
First, the essentials is to learn “qiaosheyin” In Mandarin, there are many phonetic sounds when the tongue is shrunk inside, sounds very soft, which is the initial consonant zh, ch, sh. But there is no such initial consonant in Shanghai dialect. When Shanghai people speak, encounter these words will be made into a similar “flat tongue” consonants z, c, s. Although it sounds almost the same, when the “flat tongue tone” is pronounced, the tip of the tongue is flattened and sometimes it touches the teeth above it. It sounds far worse than “flip tongue sound”.
More importantly, not standard pronunciation will also make people misunderstand what you mean. For example, Shanghai people often refer to “ci (rice) rice” as “ci (rice) rice”. In fact, “chi rice” is three meals a day, while “d rice” has become a glutinous rice stick.
Let’s look at the phrase “100 words in common use”: from “stop” to “appreciation”, each syllable initials are “tongue tone”; from “manufacturing” to “laminated”, each word is composed of a tongue tone and a flat tongue sound, is “upturned” + “flat” format, from “Autonomy” to “private”, is “flat” + “warping” combination. Let’s use three words as an example to make a simple note:
“Stop” is the format of “warped” and “warped”. Both initials are “zh”. “Made” is the format of “warped” + “flat” : the former syllable initials are “zh” and the latter syllable is “z”. “Autonomy” is the format of “ping” + “warped” :
The former syllable initials are “z” and the latter syllable is “zh”. If we call the “system” of the initials “flat tongue”, then “make” becomes “self-created”; If the “self” is said to be a warped tongue, then “autonomy” becomes the “most important”. It’s completely different.
We can use three combinations of “100 words in common words” to practice the pronunciation of the flat tongue.
Second, essentials lips activities to be positive. This is the key to issuing “Fu Yun Fu”. There is a large number of complex vowels in Mandarin, but there are not so many complex vowels in Shanghai dialect. Especially in Mandarin there are many complex vowels such as “ai, ei, ao, ou” Shanghai dialect there is no such complex pronunciation finals. Therefore, Shanghai human hair such complex vowels often appear lip activity is not positive phenomenon, sounds like “pronunciation is not in place.” As the pronunciation is not in place, it will make the original vowels have great differences into almost the same sound, resulting in the confusion of meaning.
Let’s take a look at the words from “imploring” to “some” in the “100 common words”, and their vowels are complex vowels. We use “a lot” as an example to illustrate: the “good” vowel is “ao”, which is pronounced “ao”, and the lips move from big to small. “Many” finals are “uo”, the lips from small to large. But in shanghainese, the two syllables are not complex vowels but single vowels, and the lips do not need to change when they are pronounced. Influenced by the Shanghai dialect, many people are not active in their lips when they speak putonghua. To say “so much” is like “tiger”, the two vowels that are so different are almost exactly the same.
This “poor pronunciation” also manifests itself in the loss of something that should not be discarded when it is pronounced. For example, the “treatment” in the “right” has a “u” sound, but there was no the sound because many shanghainese Shanghai dialect, in mandarin cubits also lost the “u”, the “treat” like “to be”.
The key to learning to make a complex vowel is to not “slack” your lips. We can use the word “100” from “begging” to “some” words to practice again and again.
The main point is to distinguish the front and back nasal sounds. In mandarin, there are two types of nasal vowels, one with the anterior nasal vowel, such as “an, en, Ian, in “, which is called “the anterior nasal vowel”; The other type is the posterior nasal vowel, such as “ang, eng, iang, ing“, which is called “posterior nasal vowel”. But in shanghainese, there is no “back and forth”.