- 1What is predicate
- 2Action direction
- 3Verb predicate
- 4Adjective predicate
- 5Noun predicate
- 6Lord predicate
- 7Predicate special exercises
- 8Related reading recommended
What is predicate
The concept of predicate in Chinese grammar is to show how the subject is, what kind of nature it is in, what state it is in, and so on. It is used to describe the subject, and the common verbs, verb phrases, adjectives, adjective phrases, nouns, Predication phrases serve as predicates.
They are rehearsing the show. (Rehearsal, verb predicate)
The fish swim in the river. (Swimming, verb predicate)
The trees in the mountains are green again. (Green, adjective predicate)
Dawns Here Are Quiet. (Quiet, adjective phrase predicate)
The weather outside is very hot, do not stroke. (Hot, adjective predicate)
In traditional Chinese grammar, predicates are one of the two main parts of a sentence. The other is the subject, modified by predicates. Predicates provide information about the subject, such as what the subject did or did.
There is a saying that a sentence can have the subject, predicate, object, attribute, adverb, complement, and other languages. Another argument is that all but the subject and its modified parts are predicates. According to the former statement, “our family of two people.” The subject is “our family”, the object is “two people”, predicate “yes” is omitted. According to the latter argument, the subject of “our family of two people.” The subject is “our family”, the predicate includes the omission of the phrase “有” and the object of “two persons.”
According to the former argument, a sentence can be divided according to its structure: narrative sentences, sentenceless sentences, sentence sentences, sentences and so on.
Narrative sentences: subject + predicate, or subject + predicate + object
Such as: “I edit Baidu Encyclopedia,” or “I’m editing.”
Sentences: subject + predicate + object
Such as: “I have an account of Baidu Encyclopedia.”
Statement statement (also called descriptive sentence): subject + table language
Such as: “Baidu encyclopedia content is very comprehensive.”
Judgment sentence: subject + broken language
Such as: “Baidu Encyclopedia is an Internet application software.”
In Chinese, because the relationship between the subject and the predicate is the subject and interpretation, this loose relationship often leads to the direction of the predicate is not clear. Seemingly the same sentence, the direction of action can be different; seemingly the opposite sentence, the action can only be the same side. E.g:
He changed my mind.
He changed his face.
In the first sentence, the direction of the action is spontaneous to the object. However, in the second sentence was he himself actively changing his face, or was his face changed for other reasons (possibly because of anger, panic). In the first case, the action is spontaneous and in the second case it is not.
Therefore, in determining the direction of the predicate at the same time must also be based on the subject direction and context to judge, for example:
I borrow (borrow) you (your) a book.
I borrowed (lent) a book from you (you).
You (borrow) give me a book.
The three sentences state the same thing.
And “I borrowed you a book.” Can be understood as “I lent” or “I borrowed”, so a similar sentence to determine the direction of the action depends on contextual prompts to judge.
Phrases centered on verbs or verbs are the most common predicates.
He asked me to go to Disney.
Mice love rice.
In Chinese, adjectives and verbs are grammatically similar, and many grammarians classify them as predicates. Adjectives or phrases in Chinese can act as predicates directly without the need to add additional words.
(Han) She is beautiful.
Nouns or nominal phrases can also serve as predicates.
Today is thursday.
A complete predicate structure can also serve as a predicate. There are several situations in this type of sentence, subject, and predicate:
The subject indicates the time and place of the subject predicate.
I will come back tomorrow.
Subjects represent subjects in predicate predicates.
I’ve read this book long ago.
Subject acceptor predicate description.
This person is good at heart. (Describe the nature of the subject as a predicate.)
I hold my child in one hand and my mother in one hand. (The subject and predicate states the subject’s actions and events.)
Predicate special exercises
(A) draw the predicate in the following sentence
(B) choose to fill in the blank
A 送 B 是 C 长 D 黑 E 大眼睛，双眼皮
(C) fill in the appropriate predicate
(Four) conjunctions into sentences
1.了 婚礼 舞会 开始
2.三十年 到 了毕业 现在 从
3.卖完 火车票 了 已经
4.为了 你 好 他 是
5.已经 不少 我们 学了 汉字