What is modal particle


Auxiliary words, also known as language Auxiliary words. Grammatical terms refer to a part of speech that belongs to function words attached to other words, phrases, or sentences as an aid. Usually used in the sentence before, during, after, that a variety of tone; or for the middle of the sentence, said the structural relationship. Must be attached to the back or front of other words, all attached to the read softly, before the attached does not read softly.

Basic Information

Auxiliary words, also known as auxiliary language, is one of the grammatical terms, refers to a kind of special words with poor independence, no meaning.

Detailed explanation

Auxiliaries are often attached to other words, phrases, or sentences in order to highlight the sentence structure or a certain function. If the auxiliary word is located in the front, middle and back of the sentence, usually indicates a certain tone; if it is used in the middle of a sentence or between words, it indicates that some kind of structural relationship is suggested.

Auxiliaries in Chinese, usually divided into structural auxiliary words, tense auxiliary words and modal particles three. Verb affixes commonly used in vernacular include: the, the, the, right, ah, etc .; classical Chinese are: there, who, who, too, and so on.

In Japanese, auxiliary words are used for body language, quasi-body language and modalization of language to express their relationship of personality, or to add meaning to the prepositional vocabulary, living in a very important position. There is no real significance in itself, can not be used alone, there is no inflectional. Each category on the different opinions.


Auxiliaries are divided into modal particle, structural particle and temporal particle.

Mood particle (modal particle) is usually located in the sentence or at the end of the sentence, that describes the tone (state) or state. When expressing complex tone, you can use multiple tone words to express, such as “ah, you are so smart!” The same modal particles sometimes have different meanings depending on the context and the context. For example, “You are amazing!” (Praise), “You are awesome!” (Criticism, Irony). Therefore, the modal particle has no real meaning and can not be used alone.

Common tone words have the following categories: question tone, imperative tone, sentimental tone, affirmative tone and pause tone.

The questioning tone: “Is it, right?”, Or “in the classical Chinese”, “who, peace, zai, and 欤, evil,” and so on. In some cases, when the “ah” read the rise, but also questioned tone. Different interrogatives indicate different degrees of doubt. Procedures for doubts about “it” and “right” are smaller than “yes”, and usually indicate (guess the answer) for comments.

Imperative tone: “Bar, strike, ah, ah, you” or the classical “carry on, Yan, Zai” and so on, that order, request, advice, supervision and other tone, such as: .

Exclamation tone: “ah, ah, wow, where” or in classical Chinese “Ye Hao, Yan, Yan, Zai, and,” said the output subjective feelings. Note that exclamatory words and interjections are different, interjections are usually used at the beginning of a sentence, and exclamatory words are generally used at the end of a sentence and can not be used independently.

Positive tone: “Well, well, it, you, nothing, but” or “in the classical”, carry on, almost, however, Yan, ear, and cloud, Seoul. Some affirmative modal words, such as “Bale”, “only”, sometimes with subjective feelings. Note that the affirmative modal particle is different from the structural particle. If the structural particle is removed, it will affect the structure of the sentence, while the modal particle is not harmful.

Stomp tone: “ah, right, what?” Or in the classical “, carry, care, Yan, Xi,” generally used in the sentence, a pause, emphasizing the function of prominent words in front.

Tense particles

Temporal auxiliary word is also called dynamic auxiliary word, usually connected with verb or adjective, the state of action or change, which can be used with adverbs of time. Vernacular tense auxiliary words in the vernacular have “had, had, had”, there is “carry on” in classical Chinese. However, “carry on” the word usually have the function of modal particles.

Structural particle

Structural particle attached to the word, phrase in front of or behind, to indicate the structural relationship of the sentence. Common structural aids have the prefix “The,and so,” as well as the accompanying “, Ground, Got it, like” and so on. In classical Chinese, there are “those, those who, then, husband, so, almost, Yan, and so on, and so on.

In Chinese, auxiliary words and conjunctions, prepositions and interjections belong to function words and can not express concepts, but they can indicate grammatical structures or various tones. No sense in the sentence, there is no uniform grammar function, can not be used alone, is the worst word of independence. Usually in vernacular, the particle is read softly.

The auxiliary words in Chinese are divided into three kinds: modal particle, structural particle and temporal particle, while modal particle is also called “modal particle”. Others think “modal particle” should be an independent word class.

Prefix structure of the particle, sometimes not easy to understand, for example: “This matter has long been known to everyone.” The “place” here means the affiliation between “everyone” and “know”.

There was no strict distinction between the three words of “Ground, Got it” before the May 4th Movement and there were often mixed phenomena in the old literary works. After the May Fourth Movement, they are usually used in sequence as an indication of “attributive, adverbial, complement”. As follows:

1. The word “” is used to indicate that the preceding word or phrase is an attributive. The most common usage is followed by adjectives used to modify the following nouns, pronouns, such as: “beautiful scenery”; can also be followed by nouns or pronouns, to express their affiliation, such as: “My book “; Or after joining the real words other than adverbs, to form a phrase with the noun function, and use it as a subject or object in a sentence. Such as: “We want peace and stability.”

2. The word “get” is usually used after the verb and the adjective followed by the complement to indicate the possibility (eg “She goes, I’ll go.” “I’ll take it.”) Degree (eg: “You’re fine.”). Some dictionaries will classify this usage as a preposition.

3. The word “Ground” is usually used after the adverb, and the word or phrase preceding the mark is adverbial and is often mistaken for the word “.”

The word “Zhi” is a structural particle, the usage is:

1. Same as vernacular “,” such as “Master’s article.”

2. Nonsense, only the object in the table in advance, such as “Love of Love, with those who give”, “Love of Lotus” means “Love Lotus.”

When the word “is” is used as a structural particle, it is also a table object, such as “you are the only one asking” or “asking only you.”

(A) choose the correct answer


A 吗 B 吧 C 呢 D 的 E 了


A 吗 B 吧 C 呢 D 的 E 了


A 吗 B 吧 C 呢 D 的 E 了


A 吗 B 吧 C 呢 D 的 E 了


A 吗 B 吧 C 呢 D 的 E 了

(B) Please fill in the following sentences with the appropriate tone of the word






(C) with the formulation of words to rewrite the sentence











(D) correct the wrong statement











(E) use the “you”, “it”, “bar” to complete the following dialogue
















What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

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