- 1What is a preposition
- 2Grammatical Features of Prepositions
- 3Classification of prepositions
- 4Differences between prepositions and verbs
- 5Prepositions special exercises
- 6Related reading recommended
What is a preposition
Prepositions, prepositions in Chinese grammar is a word or affix used to express the grammatical function of a word. Generally used in the noun, pronoun or noun nature of the phrase before, and these words combined to form a prepositional structure, to show where, time, status, manner, reason, purpose, comparison of words.
Grammatical Features of Prepositions
(1) Represents the grammar meaning of time, place, method, object, etc. Such as:
(From) beginning tomorrow (indicating time);
(Press) the principle of service (representation); (to) the job done (that object).
(2) The structure of the mediator mainly serves as adverbial modifier verbs or adjectives. Such as “down from the car” “higher than him.” Some mediation structures can be used as attributives, but “” such as “evaluation of historical figures” and “books on the table” should be added. A few mediator structures can act as complement, such as “work late into the night” and “sleep in bed.” Mesh structure can not be predicate.
(3) “To, to, from, to, give, from” and so on can be directly attached to the verb or other words to form a whole, the equivalent of a verb. Such as “fall on me” “toward the twenty-first century” “depends on your test scores” “courage to practice” “went to the destination” “dedicated to the people” “from New York.”
Classification of prepositions
(1) said the time and place: from since the fight to go in as the forward direction along with
(2) means: in accordance with the basis in accordance with the basis of the pass by virtue of
(3) said the purpose: for the sake of
(4) That reason: Because of because of
(5) said the object, scope: for the right to follow with the same to
(6) Rejected: except in addition to remove unless
(7) Passive: Called to give
(8) said: comparison and with the same
The preposition in the “with, over” is a morpheme, not a dynamic particle.
Differences between prepositions and verbs
Most of the prepositions in modern Chinese evolved from ancient Chinese, and some of the words have both prepositions and verbs . Such as “in, for, than, to, to, toward, through, through” and so on.
Who is he for everyone? (verb)
We serve the people. (preposition)
The school’s door is facing south. (verb)
The school’s door is open to the south. (preposition)
Today we are better than tricks. (verb)
You are stronger than him. (preposition)
The plan passed. (verb)
By learning, we raise our awareness. (preposition)
The difference between the two is:
(1) The verb can affirmatively negate the overlapping, indicating that the preposition can not.
He is not in the dormitory (verb)
He wrote a few words on the blackboard. (“In” preposition, can not be changed to “not in”)
(2) Are there other verbs before and after “X + Bin”? If there is another verb, “X” is a preposition; if there is no other verb, “X” is a verb. Such as: the train arrived. (verb)
The train arrived at eleven o’clock. (preposition)
He is in the dorm (verb)
He lives in dormitory. (preposition)
He lives in a dormitory. (preposition)
(3) Most of the verbs can take the dynamic auxiliary word “the”, preposition can not.
The car passed the Bayi Bridge. (verb)
After careful consideration, he decided to go to Xinjiang. (preposition)
He gave me a book. (verb)
He bought me a book. (preposition)
Prepositions special exercises
(A) choose the correct answer
A 自 B 自从 C 从来 D 在 E 离
A 自从 B 从 C 给 D 在 E 到
A 到 B 自从 C 从来 D 离 E 到
A 自从 B 自 C 从 D 在 E 给
A 从 B 自从 C 从来 D 离 E 自
(B) with “in”, “to” or “give” to fill in the blank
(C) imitation sentence