What is a preposition

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What is a preposition

Prepositions, prepositions in Chinese grammar is a word or affix used to express the grammatical function of a word. Generally used in the noun, pronoun or noun nature of the phrase before, and these words combined to form a prepositional structure, to show where, time, status, manner, reason, purpose, comparison of words.

Grammatical Features of Prepositions

(1) Represents the grammar meaning of time, place, method, object, etc. Such as:

(From) beginning tomorrow (indicating time);

(Press) the principle of service (representation); (to) the job done (that object).

(2) The structure of the mediator mainly serves as adverbial modifier verbs or adjectives. Such as “down from the car” “higher than him.” Some mediation structures can be used as attributives, but “” such as “evaluation of historical figures” and “books on the table” should be added. A few mediator structures can act as complement, such as “work late into the night” and “sleep in bed.” Mesh structure can not be predicate.

(3) “To, to, from, to, give, from” and so on can be directly attached to the verb or other words to form a whole, the equivalent of a verb. Such as “fall on me” “toward the twenty-first century” “depends on your test scores” “courage to practice” “went to the destination” “dedicated to the people” “from New York.”

Classification of prepositions

(1) said the time and place: from since the fight to go in as the forward direction along with

(2) means: in accordance with the basis in accordance with the basis of the pass by virtue of

(3) said the purpose: for the sake of

(4) That reason: Because of because of

(5) said the object, scope: for the right to follow with the same to

(6) Rejected: except in addition to remove unless

(7) Passive: Called to give

(8) said: comparison and with the same

The preposition in the “with, over” is a morpheme, not a dynamic particle.

Differences between prepositions and verbs

Most of the prepositions in modern Chinese evolved from ancient Chinese, and some of the words have both prepositions and verbs [1]. Such as “in, for, than, to, to, toward, through, through” and so on.

Who is he for everyone? (verb)

We serve the people. (preposition)

The school’s door is facing south. (verb)

The school’s door is open to the south. (preposition)

Today we are better than tricks. (verb)

You are stronger than him. (preposition)

The plan passed. (verb)

By learning, we raise our awareness. (preposition)

The difference between the two is:

(1) The verb can affirmatively negate the overlapping, indicating that the preposition can not.

He is not in the dormitory (verb)

He wrote a few words on the blackboard. (“In” preposition, can not be changed to “not in”)

(2) Are there other verbs before and after “X + Bin”? If there is another verb, “X” is a preposition; if there is no other verb, “X” is a verb. Such as: the train arrived. (verb)

The train arrived at eleven o’clock. (preposition)

He is in the dorm (verb)

He lives in dormitory. (preposition)

He lives in a dormitory. (preposition)

(3) Most of the verbs can take the dynamic auxiliary word “the”, preposition can not.

The car passed the Bayi Bridge. (verb)

After careful consideration, he decided to go to Xinjiang. (preposition)

He gave me a book. (verb)

He bought me a book. (preposition)

Prepositions special exercises

(A) choose the correct answer

1.现在_____考试结束还有半个小时。

A 自 B 自从 C 从来 D 在 E 离

2._____明年这个时候起,我就要开始上大学了。

A 自从 B 从 C 给 D 在 E 到

3.新西兰_____中国很远。

A 到 B 自从 C 从来 D 离 E 到

4.新疆_____古以来就是中国的一部分。

A 自从 B 自 C 从 D 在 E 给

5.这句话出_____《读者》这本书的一篇文章。

A 从 B 自从 C 从来 D 离 E 自

(B) with “in”, “to” or “give” to fill in the blank

1.我们每天都_________食堂吃饭。

2.昨天晚上我学习学_________十一点多。

3.阿曼常常_________纳莎买礼物。

4.十九年前我出生_________中国的一个小城市。

5.我的钥匙丢了,找了半天也没找到_________。

(C) imitation sentence

1.自从父母离婚后,他就一直和奶奶住。

自从_________后,_________。

2.开会时间定在后天上午。

_________在_________。

3.在同学们的鼓励下,我参加了汉语桥比赛。

在_________下,_________。

4.自从在中国留学以来,他每年都能获得奖学金。

自从_________以来,_________。

5.我的家乡离乌鲁木齐不太远。

_________离_________。

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

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