What is an adverb


What is an adverb

The adverb is a Chinese word, the basic meaning refers to a class to modify the verb, the equivalent of English verb or strengthen the phrase or phrase to describe the whole sentence, is used to modify, limit verbs or adjectives, that time, frequency, range, tone , Degree and so on.

In general, after a word (usually an attributive) is added to the subject or object in the Chinese, the adjective of adverbialization is added “Ground” to an adverbial word, followed by “Got it” Some people who have a clear grammatical code of practice simply because they are homophones of “”, “Got it” and “Ground” in Putonghua and are hard for the average person to scrutinize. Therefore, the difference is generally not always done. However, since these three words have different pronunciations in some Chinese languages ​​(such as Cantonese), most of Cantonese can distinguish the usage of these three words precisely based on the usual pragmatic habits.

Examples of sentences modified with adverbs:

“A very small worm easily got into that cave,” with adverbs very and easily, small adjectives, pests, penetrating verbs, and cave locations.

Words used in some questions, such as how, who, when, what and so on can also be regarded as adverbs in some ways.

Adverb function

A.Declaration: Very, absolute, extreme, very, most, top, too, more, extreme, exceptionally, exceptionally, always, only …

B. Indicates the range: also, all, total, total, total, total, all, again, only, only, light, all …

C. Said the time and frequency: already, once, already, just, positive, is, will, will, will, had, just, just …

D. Positive, negative: no, no, no, no, no (甭), must, must, sure, sure, no, do not …

E. Means modality, way: Suddenly, suddenly, blatantly, deliberately, personally, wantonly, wantonly ……

F. tone: Is it, the decision, Qi, anyway, maybe, about, probably, sure enough, actually, actually, after all …

G. Place of Presentation: Home, Here, There, Everywhere, Upstairs, Downstairs, Anywhere, Anywhere, Abroad, Elsewhere …

Adverbs, semantics and usage of the same subclass are not necessarily the same, and some differences are quite significant. Therefore, the use of similar adverbs are notable differences in usage: for example, “all, only” are said range, but “all” means all inclusive, generally sum it up in front of the words, and “only” means to limit it, limit it The range of words behind. E.g

“All the students in Chinese (1), (2), (3) and (4) went and only the students in Chinese (5) did not go.”

The target of “all” in this sentence is the former classmate of “Chinese (1), (2), (3) and (4)” and the “only” Class classmates. ” Of course, “all” in the interrogative sentence can also limit the following words.


In the United States so many years, where have you been?

What are you ordering?

The situation is complicated even if it is the same generalization of the words in front of it. such as:

I have read these books. (“All” in front of it “these books”)

We have read this book. (“All” in front of it “we”)

We have seen these books. (Disambiguation is ambiguous. “Both” can sum up the “books” and “us” in front of it, or just one of “these books” and “us” before it.)

Adverbs need to pay attention to the semantic orientation of adverbs. Different semantic orientation, often cause ambiguity, need to be carefully distinguished.

For example: The Deputy Prime Minister met respectively with representatives of two business groups and some local journalists.

“Separately” points to “meeting of two business groups” A total of three times, pointing to “representatives of two business groups and some local journalists”. There are two meetings in total. Of course, in a certain context, ambiguity can often be eliminated by itself.

The same is true “go”, “do not go” is the speaker on their own wishes. “Not going” means that this behavior has not yet become a reality. “Do not go” is to prohibit and discourage others’ behavior.

Another example, “still” and “more” can indicate the degree, but “more” comparison can be implied. Try to compare:

My pen is not as good as that one.

My pen is not as good as that one.

The first sentence is the two comparisons (this and that); the last sentence is the three comparisons, which is equal to saying “(This pen is not as good as you). The contents of [] are implied. “He was really late” and “he was actually late” is a different preset, the preamble of the previous sentence is “he will be late,” the latter sentence is “he will not be late.”

The classification of adverbs is roughly rough, and some adverbs are used in many ways, such as “also, only, then, but also …” Although it is the same adverb, it may belong to different subcategories.

Try “to” as an example.

“I’ll go in a while”: “Just” means things will happen soon, table time;

“He does not listen to you, what can you do”: “on” that tone, the equivalent of “partial.”

Look again “still”:

“How else”: “Still” that tone, “what” meaning.

Visible, what an adverb actually mean, often must fully understand the context of sentences.

Grammatical features

(1) Adverbs can be used as adverbs. Degree adverb “very, very” can also be used as complement.


He ordered Wang to pour water immediately. (Table time)

Cow baby 〔〕 〔〕 〔〕 〔〕 very strong. (Addition of adjective predicates from three perspectives of time, scope and degree respectively)

“Very” as a complement, the first plus “too” as “terrible.” “Polar” as a complement to add “behind”, such as “extremely sad.”

As an adverbial one-tone two-tone adverbs can precede the predicate center after the subject, some of the two-tone adverbs can be placed before the subject, for example: “Maybe she has come halfway.Does this product will be welcome ? “,” Already “,” still “modify the predicate in the sentence,” maybe “,” is it “is the first adverbial modifier sentence. The two expressions pragmatic occasions.

It is noteworthy that in the sentence, there are some adverbs can be used to modify the predicate can also be used to modify the nominal composition. There are not many adverbs used to modify the noun subject, such as “just, only, only, light, single” and so on, indicating that the scope of people or things should be limited. For example: “Only these few brands are excellent, which one do you want?” (To limit the brand’s range); “I am unlucky today” (to limit the range of people); “there are more than a dozen cars in light cars” The range of sedans); “it is enough for only this reason.” The phrase “only, right, good, only, probably, already, but, near, exactly” modifies the quantitative phrases, which can be used in a variety of syntactic constructs, such as “exactly thirty days have elapsed; A guy came dozens; nearly 40 people trapped underground; spent eight hours; got married for six years; did not find a job on four people. ” This adverb is used to indicate the speaker’s view of quantity, and the things described in such sentences have become factual.

(2) Adverbs generally can not be said alone, strong attachment, only “no, do not, no, right away, maybe, probably, a little” and so on in the ellipsis can be said alone. E.g:

“How’s the taste?” Can answer “good” or “very good,” but can not say “very”.

“When does it start?” “Right now.” “Are you going?” “No, I do not go.”

(3) some adverbs can play a role in both. Used singly, used in pairs, for example:

1) Single use: say it again, do not fight to leave, say it clearly, go or not, it makes no sense

2) Combination: white and fat, impartial, more busy and chaotic, deaf and dumb, neither good nor bad to not

3) Use with conjunctions:

Not only … but also … only … since … then … unless … if … then … even … also … though …

“White”, “straight” and so are homomorphic. These words are adjectives when modifying nouns, modifiers, adjectives are adverbs.

To distinguish between adjectives / adverbs

White shoes (table nature)

White busy for a while (white is equal to empty, table mode)

Straight line (table nature)

Pain straight cry (equal to always, table time)

Face is very light (the nature of the table)

Do not eat light (equal to only, the scope of the table)

Two “white”, “strange”, “old”, “net”, “straight” and so on are the same word, but they are two types of words. Because of their different semantic and grammatical meanings, they have lost their connection , Should be considered homophones, not adjectives and adverbs.

The difference between homophone homomorphism and homogamy lies in the fact that homonyms are not only different in function but also semantically far apart, and that homosexuality is merely a functionally different one and has a relatively close semantic relationship.

Adjectives can only do adverbial adjectives can also do attributives, complements, predicates: any predicate, the predicate center, but also for attributive or complement is the adjective, otherwise it is adverb,


“Accidental / sudden discovery”

“It’s a coincidental / sudden incident.”

“Accidentally / suddenly heard”. So, “suddenly,” “accidental” is an adjective.

Only “Suddenly / Occasionally”. There is no “sudden / occasional discovery,” “This incident is very sudden / occasional.” So, “suddenly”, “occasionally” is an adverb.

“No” (no) is an adverb and a verb, and is a kind of category. The difference between the verbs “no”, “no” and the adverbs “no” and “no” is that they are used as adverbs before predicates (verbs and adjectives) and verbs before body words (nouns and pronouns).


I’ve never seen such a scene before. (Negative actions or traits have occurred or exist, is an adverb, so that when used as an adverb)

No guns, no guns, no enemy to us. (“No” to negate the existence of things or possession of things, then the verb, predicate center)

No investigation, no right to speak. (The former “no” adverb, the latter “no” verb)

Analysis of Time Adverbs and Time Nouns

Time adverbs and time nouns can be used as adverbs, all of which represent the concept of time. The difference between the two is:

① time nouns can be the subject, object and attribute, time adverbs can only be adverbial.


Yesterday I have checked three times now. (Time noun for adverbial)

He has just returned from the United States. (Adverbs of time adverbial)

The teacher is going to lecture in Hong Kong. (Adverbs of time adverbial)

② time noun can be preposition “before”, adverbs before time can not add “in”.


Just – just yesterday – in the future yesterday – in the future at the moment – at the moment

Will – be about to be – on being suddenly – on a sudden occasionally – on occasion

Adverb formulas

Adverbs modified dynamic and shape, extent and time.

Whether or not to estimate and modality, tone frequency usage whole.

Slightly not all are partial, just just forever,

Had been unexpectedly, will be just happened by chance,

Gradually finally suddenly, is it time and time again,

May have to be very, most very immediately,

The more often the total very often, often not be repeated.

When added to the name of the name, before the name can add vice.

Before after the name will not work alone can not answer.

Adverbs special exercises

(A) choose the correct answer

1.屋子( )乱了,快收拾一下吧。

A 很 B 非常 C 太 D 真 E 好

2.在中国,我跟中国人讲话的机会( )多。

A 真 B 很 C 太 D 挺 E 也

3.这是一部( )有意思的电影。

A 真 B 很 C 太 D 大 E 在

4.你说的话( )有道理啊!

A 真 B 大 C 太 D 再 E 着

5.孩子们玩得( )开心的。

A 挺 B 很 C 太 D 真 E 非常

(B) use “a little” or “a little” to fill in the blank







(C) fill in the empty words

有点儿 极 一下 太 越来越






(D) to determine the right and wrong and correct











(E) conjunctions into sentences

1.喀纳斯 风景 新疆 极了 的 美


2.衣服 合适 这件 的 挺


3.他的 在 个子 高 最 我们班


4.他 太 大盘鸡 辣 了 做的


5.他是 有意思 一个 的 特别 人


What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

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