What is an adjective?


What is an adjective

Adjectives, one of the main part of speech in many languages. Adjectives are mainly used to describe or modify nouns or pronouns, indicating the nature, status, characteristics or attributes of a person or thing. They are often used as an attributive language, and can also be used as an adjective, complement, or adverb.

Category: A part of speech

Role: modified noun or pronoun

Grammar concept

Grammar is the law of the organization of the language, anyone in the use of language, regardless of whether he has learned grammar, but must be grammatically. In addition, summarizing the rules of grammar itself can also deepen our understanding of the language, so that we can really skilled use of language. Grammar is a non-trivial part of trying to master the standard English. As far as adjectives are concerned, it is also an indispensable part of English grammar.

Chinese adjectives

Adjective: that the shape of things, nature and status. Such as “big, tall, serious, vivid, beautiful, shrewd, cute, cold, junior, advanced, simple and complex.”

Chinese usage

(1) The nature of adjectives generally can be “not” and “very” modification. Such as “not big, big, not vivid, very vivid.” A few state adjectives are not “not” and “very” modification, if not say “no cold, very cold, not white, very white, not primary, very junior.”

(2) can be modified nouns, often as predicate or attribute. Such as “big eyes, tall buildings, cold sour plum, junior title.”

(3) Some adjectives can overlap. Such as “big, long, tall.”

(4) can not bring object.

A, Monosyllable adjectives overlap the form of “AA”, such as “big, tall, short, thin.” Such overlapping modifier verbs that enhance the degree of modification of the noun not only did not strengthen the meaning, but said the degree of weakening, that a slight degree. E.g:

Greatly shorten the distance (to enhance the degree)

Big eyes (weaker than “big eyes”)

Hold high (to enhance the degree)

Tall children (weaker than “tall children”)

B, two-syllable adjective overlap Generally enhance the degree that there are three formats:


Mouth sound intermittent mighty happily happy clean

Loose loose dense dense cold come and go

The generous and polite people are always talking and laughing exactly

The square is down to earth in a down-to-earth manner

Is it right or wrong Sommelier Smythe only whether or not happy

All kinds of clank outstanding white fat one after another

Eloquent shedding trembling gingerly honestly secretive

Clean nag nagging Loli indifferent clear and swallowed

The generous and polite people are always talking and laughing exactly

B, A Lane AB: AB here is limited to some contain derogatory adjectives, after the overlap that both said to enhance the degree, but also that disgusting feelings. Such as: small curiosity in the mobs panicky mess confused Mary sloppy

C, ABAB: AB here is limited to some two-syllable adjectives with morphemes representing degree. Such as:

Cold and cool snow white and white flushed straight straight green and green bluish red

C, overlap belongs to the vivid form of adjectives. Adjective vivid forms include monosyllabic adjectives A plus two-syllable or multi-syllable suffix in addition to overlap.

A, A + two-syllable suffix: This suffix is ​​generally superimposed. Such as:

Warm and crisp, heavy, shy, shiny

Heavy white swarthy dark swirling dark brown crumpled

Bright clank grinning soothe the bumpy wet sobbing

Red glowing twilight Mang misty Ying Yingying Liang Jing Can Solitary crystal

Plush chubby a cluster of green yellow Huang Chengcheng bright red

Light twinkling oil almost smooth black oil slimy dirty crumpled

Loose collapsed piers Pier pier meat thin skinny skinny skinny hi hi happy Zi Zizi

Happy red happy music and leisurely Tao Tao Zao Zizi white flowers Ying Ying

Huang Cheng-Ming green oil Ming Jiantang Jiao Diaoren heavy tears

B, A + multi-syllable suffix, such as:

Black not slippery autumn goose bearded stupid stupid stupid grumble

The vivid forms of adjectives are not modified by “no” or “very”. If you do not say “not slow, not clean, not the old angry, not living, not gray not slippery autumn, very slowly, very clean, very old and veteran, very lively, very gray not slippery autumn.”

Chinese adjective classification

From the functional point of view adjectives can be divided into ordinary adjectives and non-adjectives.

(1) Common adjectives: Can serve as a predicate, most can be “not” and “very” modification.

(2) non-essential adjectives: The difference with ordinary adjectives mainly lies in: can not act as a predicate, can not be “not” and “very” modification. Common non-essential adjectives such as:

Male and female male and female single large primary large number of large chronic new

The main high-speed brand-name high-frequency maritime streamlined multi-national unilateral jet

Some non-essential adjectives use very narrow, only as part of scientific and technical terms, such as “high-frequency radio, side blowing converter.”

Semantically, adjectives can be divided into the nature of adjectives and state adjectives. Nature Adjectives represent attributes,

Such as “red, yellow, big, small, soft, hard, great, ordinary, beautiful.” State adjectives with obvious descriptive,

Including all the vivid forms of adjectives, such as “fragrant, cold, red, generous, cold, straight hook

Hook, silly joker. ”

Differences between adjectives and verbs

(1) common ground

A, can use “no” modification: “do not go, not high”

B, can be predicate: “He is gone, this tree is very tall”

C, positive negation stack: “do not go away, high not high”

(2) Differences

Ordinary adjectives (hereinafter simply called “adjectives”) can be modified by “very” and verbs can not generally be modified by “very”. If you can say “very tall and very beautiful,” it can not be said that “it is very, very learning.”

Most verbally active verbs can be “very” modified, which is the same as adjectives;

Different from adjectives. Such as “love (him), admire (teacher Chen), very understanding (situation)”.

An adjective is a word that indicates a character or state, is modifiable to an adverb of degree, and can not carry an object. E.g:

The size of the long-long all good straightaway

Rugged vague outstanding smart young snow white straight vivid fixed equality

Shining shining green water Lingling red Tongtong bright chubby hair almost careless

Black does not slippery autumn honest honest black turn dark gray it Baidaohui not slippery autumn sweet not silk round lumber winter

Adjective characteristics

1, the grammatical characteristics of adjectives

① adjective grammatical function

Adjectives in the sentence mainly serve as an attributive and predicate. E.g:

Attributive: tree red sun young waiters full moonlight full face thick waist

As the predicate: the conduct is correct Discourse concise description vivid language subtle attitude euphemism point of view obsolete

Adjectives generally can not bring objects, but some of the nature of adjectives also said that dynamic, with some of the characteristics of verbs, you can bring objects. With the object, it becomes a “verb”. Such adjectives that can carry an object belong to the category of both adjective and verb functions. E.g:

The cadres of the pure party are the top priorities. (“Pure” was originally an adjective, with the object “party” as a verb)

This move has greatly facilitated people’s lives. (“Convenience” was originally an adjective, plus the object “mass life” as a verb)

Some monosyllabic adjectives plus “bad” and “dead” may be followed by objects, which are generally limited to spoken use, but should not be counted as adjectives. Therefore, these words are not typed terms either. E.g:

Exhausted me, sour, smelled, smelled, smelled, smelled, smelled

② degree adverbs can be modified

Most adjectives of nature can be modified by the degree adverbs “very”, “too” and so on.


Long – long / too long – very early / too early sweet – very sweet / too sweet

Few – Few / Too few – Very good / Too short – Very short / too short

Excellent – very good / very good smart – very smart / too smart

Note: Overlapping nature adjectives are not modified by degree adverbs. E.g:

Sweet – * Very sweet / * Too sweet and well – * Very good / * Too good

Slowly – * Very slowly / * Too slow and high – * Very high / * Too high

Adjectives of state are not modified by degree adverbs. E.g:

White – * very white / * too white snow straight – * very straight / * too straight

Dark – * Very dark / * Too dark black paint – * Very cold / * Too cold

③ overlapping forms of adjectives

Most of the monosyllabic adjectives can overlap, and the overlapping form is “AA” (“AA” or “AA”).


Long – long fast – fast

Slow – slowly deep – deep light – light sweet – sweet

The double-syllable nature of the superposition of adjectives is “AABB” (“AABB” or “AABB”).


Very happy – very happy and neat – neat and beautiful – very beautiful

The state of the double syllable adjective overlap is “ABAB”. E.g:

Straight – Straight straight white snow – white snow white bright red – bright red

Blue – blue azure fragrance – fragrant spray golden – golden yellow

Ⅳ Some two-syllable adjectives can also overlap by the way of “AB in A”.


Long-winded – Hello, long-winded panic – panic in the panic

Cheesy – vulgar cheesy – Mali sloppy

But there are also many disyllable adjectives that can not overlap. E.g:

Erudition – Etiquette Enthusiastically / * Eruhism Students – – vivid / vivid

Brightly – * Bright and clear / * Obviously quick and subjective – * Subjective subjective / * Subjective view

④ available positive negative questions.


Cold – cold not big – big big circle – round not round high – not high

Two-syllable adjectives certainly negative There are two ways to ask questions:

Clear – clearly not sure about happiness – not happy about happiness – glad to be upset

– Clear not clear – Fortunately, not happy – unhappy

Clear – Clearly not strong – Strong [FS: PAGE] Not strong – Not specific

– not clear – not strong – not specific

Active – take the initiative to not active tension – nervous tension is not fixed – fixed not fixed

– The Lord does not take the initiative – is not nervous – is not fixed

2, the type of adjectives

According to the grammatical characteristics of adjectives and their meaning, adjectives can be divided into two types: nature adjectives and state adjectives.

① nature of adjectives

Adjectives of nature are adjectives that denote properties or attributes.

Monosyllabic nature Adjective:

Good or bad size, cold and heat, slow and sour

Disyllable nature Adjective:

Great Brave Strong Gentle Gentle Ambiguous Excellent Smart Young Lively

Subjective and active fixed feudal feudal concrete implied solid plain simple and clean

Nature adjectives generally overlap or add “ground” to modify the verb. E.g:

Proudly smiled flatly looking at the wall slowly sit up

A few adjectives of nature can be used as adverbs to modify verbs, such as “walking slowly” and “honestly speaking.”

The nature of adjectives as a predicate contains the meaning of comparison, often in the sentence corresponding use. E.g:

It’s cold here, it’s hot there.

You are conservative, he is open-minded.

Dry in the north, wet in the south.

Slow Long Short Black White Talented, capable active, active


Knowledgeable, creative, creative and upright

Kindly knowledgeable

Proficient in a knowledgeable




Responsible and responsible

Selfless understanding of the matter

Sincere, shrewd, vibrant, honest, honest, strict

Judgment method

If the word can be preceded by “very”, but can not be followed by the object, it must be adjectives.

Adjective special exercises

(A) Please select the adjective in the sentence

1、这里的环境非常优美。( )

A 优美 B 环境 C 非常 D 这里 E 的

2、漂亮姑娘谁都喜欢。( )

A 喜欢 B 漂亮 C 谁 D 姑娘 E 都

3、我们认真讨论了你的问题。( )

A 我们 B 认真 C 讨论 D 你的 E 问题

4、学生们积极做好了考试前的准备( )

A 学生们 B 积极 C 做 D 考试 E 准备

5、衣服已经洗干净了( )

A 衣服 B 已经 C 洗 D 干净 E 了

(B) choose the correct answer

1.我在课上说得( ),你怎么还是忘了?

A 清楚 B 清楚清楚 C 清清楚楚 D 很清清楚楚 E 清楚楚

2.这次的宣传做得很成功,( )来了不少人。

A 大大小小 B 男男女女 C 高高矮矮 D 多多少少 E 男女

3.我和家人们( )地过了个假期。

A 轻松轻松 B 轻轻松松 C 轻松极了 D 怪轻松 E 轻松松

4.他一句话也没说,脸涨得( )的,走了出去。

A 通红通红 B 通通红红 C 特别通红 D 挺通红 E 通红红

5.前面跑过来一只( )的小狗。

A 雪白 B 很白白 C 非常雪白 D 白 E 雪白白

(C) to complete the dialogue with the form of adjective overlap



















(D) to determine the right and wrong and correct











(E) conjunctions into sentences

1.碧绿碧绿 湖水 的 这里 的


2.在 这 吧 凉快凉快 我们 树荫下


3.哭吧 哭 想 痛痛快快 就 地


4.在那里 孩子们 地 安安静静 坐着


5.对 成绩 自己的 满意 很 他


6.对 他 我 友好 很


7.美 风景 这里 极了 的


8.吗 你 明白 了 听


What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

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