The ten teaching methods of hanyu pinyin


Foreigners when they study Chinese pinyin, must hold good degrees, don’t rush in the previous lesson the phonetic part is over, usually beginning at least 20 to 30 hours to consolidate the phonetic knowledge and pronunciation skills, after the speech and correct learning should be throughout the whole teaching process, don’t be impatient for success. Now let’s say that there are some good ways to help students master Chinese pinyin quickly and accurately. The purpose of learning Chinese pinyin is to prepare for the later learning of Chinese characters.

① frame method

When foreigners are exposed to new things, they all hope that they will have a whole set of logic and framework as the foundation and learn Chinese as well. Therefore, when we talk about the pronunciation, we must give them the basic framework and slowly expand it into concrete Content. For example, it is often introduced as “hello”. Students are first told to pinyin Chinese characters (also pinyin is written on the whiteboard), and then pinyin is also divided into three parts, the left is the initials, a total of 21, the right Is the vowel , a total of 39, you can refer to the phonetic alphabet, the top of the tone called, a total of four, and then explain the pronunciation of each vowel consonant.

② experience method

Teaching students of the first initials, where is the first tell the students the sound of articulation, such as B P M are bilabial, so I just put them together to teach, and then let them experience from the lips of the sound, hair M N L R, put his hand on the vocal cords to go up and feel the vibrations, put his hand on his nostrils when mn feel the breath of flow, etc.

③ observation method

Phonetic teaching to visualize, multi-purpose some intuitive approach to teaching, such as the six basic unit sound can be positive mouth figure to display: let students to bring a small mirror, while watching the teacher’s demonstration and pictures, and imitation. This intuitive approach helps students grasp the mouth by mouth, lips, teeth, and lips.

④ Shun sound method

Some foreigners v have difficulties, then we can let him start i, and then keep the same tongue, lip round circle is v, learn to send sh, keep the pronunciation part of the same, vibrating vocal cords can be issued r.

⑤ gesture method

In practice tones when, for example, a teacher with 5 degrees notation shows the tone, pitch changes, can use gestures when practicing a emphasis effect, like a command, but also can use gestures to simulate the change of the tongue, such as hair Z C S and ZH CH SH flat become warped lingual, gestures presentation makes students feel much simpler. And distributing J Q X, the tip of the tongue to droop, and students send this a few sound, back on the tip of the tongue often encounter, pronounce, teachers can upright with his left hand, compared to the lower incisors, right hand back uplift, refers to the sagging, compared to the tongue surface, the tip of the tongue, such signal, can be very image simulation of pronunciation and correct mistakes.

⑥ contrast method

By contrast, make the students master the pronunciation characteristics of different, o round lip and e show a comparison of the former nasal vowels and nasal finals after synchronized to contrast, plenum and unaspirated sound of bp’s contrast, of course, when necessary, can prepare some pieces of paper, then put in his mouth, the vibration through the paper to understand plenum and the strength of the unaspirated sound airflow.

⑦ exaggeration method

In order to highlight some of Chinese pronunciation features, you can properly exaggerate the difference between tone and tone, tone and tone, such as syllable in front of soft deliberately prolonged, aggravating, and then issued a low and short soft sound; extend the sound length, increase the volume For example, the first phoneme of ai ei can be extended in pitch and can be practiced in exaggerated writing, tone, and dragging.

⑧ auxiliary method

With auxiliary to let the students understand the pronunciation characteristics of external things, for example, x and s are in trouble, forefinger auxiliary correction are available, and the index finger about 1 cm biting into the mouth, x hair tongue were under pressure, hair s tongue is under pressure, but I can feel the front of the tongue will top up.

⑨ foreign language guide method

Practise Chinese pronunciation with the help of the students ‘ existing foreign language pronunciation plagiarism, almost all students will be in English, and then immediately imitate the adjustment of the four sound a, and then let the students in English tone what, and then imitate one of the two sound A, in English s [es] to guide students to send Chinese initials.

⑩Attending language flow method

At this time we should pay attention to the tonal Chinese teaching, such as the former nasal an “an” issued by the time, we can send “Tiananmen” language flow, so that students unknowingly issue ” an “tone, and then stripped from the language flow” an “sound for students to experience, practice to skilled. But also in the language to correct the wrong pronunciation.

With so many methods, there is always a way to fit you… Start speaking standard Chinese today!

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