What is a quantifier

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What is a quantifier?

The usual unit of measure used to denote people, things, or actions is called a quantifier. Such as head, horses, articles and so on. Quantifiers, words or morphemes used in conjunction with or on the nouns that represent countable or measurable objects, are often used to indicate a certain category, and objects assigned to nouns can be shaped accordingly.

Chinese name: Quantifier

Usage: Used after the quantifiers

Named words: that the things of the unit of measurement.

Basic Definition: Usually used to represent people, things or actions

Because a quantifier is a unit of words used to denote a person, thing or action, “one, two pears, three mouths, a teapot,” ” , Kg, bucket, liter, ruler, inch, husband and so on are all used to indicate the different types of people or things. Quantifiers are divided into two categories: quantifier and momentum. Quantitative words that people and things computing unit, such as “a person” in the “one.” Momentum words that the total number of actions and the time of occurrence, such as “see three times” in the “times”, “see three days” in the “days.” Quantifiers quantifiers, but also according to whether the nouns can be divided into two categories: countable nouns, such as people, tables; uncountable nouns, such as sugar, water. In common foreign languages, in general, countable nouns have no quantifiers, and the nouns are followed by countable nouns, such as three dogs. When studying Chinese, foreigners often feel uncomfortable using quantifiers for countable nouns. It is even more difficult for foreigners to use fixed collocations of quantifiers and countable nouns. In all languages ​​around the world, uncountable nouns are used in conjunction with measure words as a unit of measurement. This is a general law of inevitability, for example: a piece of paper, three grams of sugar, two glasses of water, so the focus of linguists Countable nouns quantifiers, a Chinese-specific grammatical phenomenon.

Specialized quantifiers

Means of measurement of things. For example, “Article, root, branch, Zhang, grain, grain, a pair, right, bucket, kilogram, kilometer, mu” and so on. All the above are specific quantifiers. Some classifiers are borrowed from nouns, such as “cylinder (a cylinder of water), dish children (a dish of peanuts), boxes (a box of books)” and so on, this measure is called “borrow quantifiers.”

Temporary quantifiers

Refers to the temporary presence of certain nouns in the position of a quantifier and is used as a unit of measure.

E.g:

A. Two dumplings to bring a bottle of soy sauce.

B. Sat a room, put a thing.

This form generally means somewhere to accommodate something. There are two differences between group a and group b:

1, a group of nouns can be any number, b group nouns generally can only be “one.”

2, b group has emphasized the number of means, a group did not.

Metric noun

The main unit of measurement. For example: kg, ruler, mu, degree and so on.

Common name classifier

It is a measure that applies to most nouns. Including: species, class, some, point four. The word “个” has the universalization tendency, and more and more nouns can be combined with it. However, there are still a lot of nouns that can only be used in their special quantifiers, but not “a”. For example, “movie” can say “a movie” instead of “a movie.” But “paper” can not say “a piece of paper” anyway. “Going to the trip, watching it, doing it once, crying out” in the “times, times, times, field”, said the number of units of action, called the verb.

Dedicated verbs

Including: times, back, times, times, next (children), Dayton, Fan. These verbs have different meanings and have different ability to combine verbs, such as “second” and “next” and verb combinations (ie, most verbs can be combined with them), while “trip” Only with “go” “go” “run” and some other verbal combinations. Tools momentum words

Refers to the situation in the following example: He kicked me. I slapped him. The teacher glared at me “Foot” is a “kick” tool, “slap in the palm” is a “hit” tool, and “eye” is a “stare” tool. Such words are tentatively used to indicate the amount of action. To leave such a language environment, they are just common nouns. This kind of verb can also be called a temporary verb.

Compound quantifiers

The name of the word “driving” “person” and momentum words together, used together as a special unit of measurement is the compound quantifiers. Although the common compound quantifiers are “noun-quantifier + verb-quantifier” in terms of composition, it should be noted that the noun-quantifier is relatively open in general, that is, many quantifiers can be used to form compound quantifiers, Most commonly used to form compound quantifiers. Some compound quantifiers: frequency, number of people, the number of times, the volume, the number of cases, the ship, the Ministry of times, sorties, batches, households, vehicles, station times.

Overlapped

Quantifiers overlap: In addition to quantifying quantifiers, many quantifiers can be used overlappingly. For example: Numeral words: a / pieces / Zhang. Momentum: times / times trip / back.

Another form of superposition of quantifiers is “one + AA” such as “one by one”, “one piece” and “one trip”. The grammatical meanings of this form have the same and different meanings as the above overlapping forms. There are three meanings:

1, said “each one.” Basic with the “AA” overlay.

Example: boys are strong and powerful.

2, said “one by one.” Overlapping forms that indicate such meaning are used as adverbials.

Example: We have to examine it carefully, do not miss it.

3, said “more.”

Example: he called me again and again.

Numeral adjective quantifier

Numeral + adjective + quantifier

Numerals and quantifiers are usually combined directly to jointly modify the noun in quantity. However, in Chinese sometimes an adjective is inserted in the middle between a numeral and a quantifier to form a form of “numeral + adjective + quantifier”. For example: He has a large bag in his hand. The expression of this structure is mainly the emphasis on the amount of size, with some exaggerated meaning. Use should pay attention to the following points:

(1) If the quantifier is a temporary noun, it is easy to insert an adjective.

For example: He ate a bowl of rice at night.

(2) If the quantifier is a specialized quantifier, it is more restricted and should be used with caution.

For example: He carries a large piece of luggage.

(3) The adjectives that can be inserted are limited, and there are a few monosyllable adjectives such as “big, small, thick, thin and long”.

Quantifier special exercises

(A) word fill in the blank

A 句 B 种 C 把 D 封 E 只

1.请你用汉语说一( )话。

2.我家有一( )可爱的小猫。

3.他会说汉语、英语、俄语、哈萨克语,四( )语言。

4.请你把这( )钥匙给我的朋友。

5.办公室里有你的一( )信。

(B) write the correct quantifier

一( )朋友

一( )钥匙

一( )鞋子

一( )花

一( )纸

一( )耳环

打了一( )

去了一( )

(C) choose the correct answer

1.那里发生了一起车祸.一( )人在那观看。

A 位 B 群 C 伙 D 片 E 趟

2.“累死了”几乎成为所有城市人喜欢说的( )话。

A 一下 B 一句 C 一篇 D 一阵 E 一张

3.我每个星期有十二( )课。

A 个 B 次 C 节 D 门 E 种

4.我们学校旁边有一( )银行。

A 所 B 家 C 间 D 套 E 台

5.这个问题我说了( )。

A 一次次 B 一遍遍 C 遍遍 D 一遍又一遍 E 次次

(D) quantifiers conjunctions into sentences

1.这部 两遍 电影 我 看了

____________________

2.我们 礼物 为您 一份 准备了

____________________

3.这些 一个 比 一个 大 西瓜

____________________

4.我 眼镜 要 买 新 一副

____________________

5.爸爸 一顿 打了 他 生气地

____________________

What is complement

What is adverbial

What is attributive

What is the object

What is predicate

What is the subject

What is an interjection

What is modal particle

What is conjunctions

What is a preposition

What is an adverb

What is an adjective

What is a verb

What is a quantifier

What is a numeral

What is a pronoun

What is a noun

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