- 1What is a numeral?
- 2Special exercises
- 3Related reading recommended
What is a numeral?
The number of words is called a number. Numerals fall into two main categories:
1, cardinal words – the number of marked size.
Example: one, eleven, ten, one hundred, one thousand, million
2, the ordinal number – said the order, ordinal number of the basic representation is the base before the addition of “first.”
Example sentences: The first, the tenth, the one thousand one, the most prominent grammatical features of the nouns can be combined with the quantifiers, combined into a number of phrases.
(A) “to” and “more”
1. Meaning: It means more than the number indicated by the preceding numeral, and it can be “more” than the number of the previous numeral; Used only for integers, “to” more for spoken.
① nouns (ending in 0) + more / to + quantifiers (various quantifiers) + noun
For example: more than 20 days, more than 50 individuals, more than 30 vehicles, twenty days, fifty to individuals, ten thousand to pieces
② Numerals (1-9 at the end and 10) + quantifiers (continuous) + more / to + noun
For example: more than a month, more than a year, more than three hours, a month, three money, ten hours
3. When the number exceeds “one hundred thousand,” it is generally not in the million, behind the “coming”, but on the front. E.g:
Three hundred and thirty thousand people (wrong) Three hundred and thirty thousand(correct)
twelve hundred million population (correct)
4 “ten” and “more”, “to”
Ten + to / + + quantifiers + nouns
Ten hours = ten hours
Verb + ten + to / more + quantifiers
I said more than ten times
He has gone back and forth ten times
Explanation: Continuous measure words such as “kg”, “hour”, “year”, “month”, “day” and so on. The units of such quantifiers are composed of smaller units. Discontinuous quantifiers, can not be divided, such as “a”, “only”, “put” and so on.
(B) “about”, “up and down” and “before and after”
Left and right:
Structure – several words + left and right
Conditions of use one by one that age, date.
When representing the approximate number of time, it can be used not only for the time but also for the time period, but it can not be used after the time noun after the time word is used.
About five years old (right) about three days (right) around the Spring Festival (wrong)
Time, the number of words that time period, the number of time and place vocabulary, but the time noun
Before and after:
Structure – quantifiers + before and after
Conditions of Use – Used only to indicate time. But only for the time, can not be used for the period.
Time before and after the Spring Festival (correct) before and after the 10th (correct)
Five months before and after (wrong) three days ago (wrong)
Up and down:
Structure – quantifiers + up and down
Conditions of use – more for age. For age, “up and down” generally applies to adults, while “around” can be used for all ages.
Up and down fifties (right) Up and down fifties (wrong)
(A) word fill in the blank
A 上下 B 左右 C 多 D 前后 E 来
(B) to determine the right and wrong and correct
(C) conjunctions into sentences
1.我 只会 一两句 汉语 说
2.这次 得 三五 天 出差
3.书店 上个 我去 买了 十来 本书 星期
4.二十号 就回来了 左右 我
5.春节 超市里 前后 最 人 多
(D) use the number to answer the question
(E) choose the correct answer
A 十五十六个人 B 十五六个人 C 十五六个左右人
D 十五个十六个人 E 十个五六人
A 内外 B 左右 C 大概 D 上下 E 前后
A 个 B一 C 把 D 半 E 两
A 七个 B 八个 C 七八个 D 七个八 E 七八
A 两 B 二 C 俩 D 两个 E 二个