Foreigners learn Chinese: ten must learn grammar


To learn a foreign language, it is necessary to comb and strengthen the internal knowledge. Many times you can learn by yourself, for example, Chinese vocabulary, Chinese pronunciation practice and reading training, etc. But there is one thing we must pay attention to and need professional teacher instruction, namely Chinese grammar. What are the necessary grammar rules for foreigners to learn Chinese? Let’s sort it out.

① noun single plural

This is one of the different parts of the Chinese and other foreign language, such as a lot of quantifier singular expression in “ge, zhang, ping, wan,” etc., and plural expressions with “pingguomen,shulinmen”, “this sentence is not appropriate.

② personal pronouns

Chinese personal pronouns are rather special, the same pronunciation, different Chinese characters, so often “he is not divided,” which is very strange foreigners.

③ interrogative pronouns

There are many interrogative pronouns in Chinese, which are used to express the problem, the structure is almost the same, and what aspects to ask are directly replaced by interrogative pronouns, which is also the grammatical characteristic of Chinese.

④ figures

Chinese digital reading has its own characteristics, such as we have the unit “million and billion” there are 2 sometimes to read two and so on. And many Chinese language and culture also want to combine, these are in learning need to pay attention to.

⑤ time and date

Chinese time vocabulary is a certain law, but is not the same as other languages, so you need to compare memory. And our order of expression is also the opposite of Western culture, including the expression of address, we are from big to small.

⑥”Yes” and “there” are two typical Chinese sentence patterns.

“Yes” and “Yes” are more error-prone grammar parts. “He is beautiful”, “There is a cup at the table” This is a typical sentence that foreigners often mistake. “shi” Although translated into am is are, but in fact only the back of the nouns, if the adjective, we use “very”, he is very beautiful. At the same time, there be a sentence in Chinese also has exactly the opposite expression, such as there is a cup on the desk. In Chinese, we often have this structure, where there is + something, so it should be said that there is a cup on the table. This is the grammatical structure of Chinese.

⑦ verbs and time and place expression

This is the exact opposite of the structure of English, which is a linguistic bias. For example, “wǒ gōngzuò zài běijīng, wǒ kāihuì jiǔ diǎn, wǒ huí jiā zuò dì tiě and so on” and I believe that every one should be corrected.

⑧ Chinese negative “bù” and “méi”

In addition to denial, “bù” can and does not form a complement, one denying the past, one denying the present and the future. Are not / no + verb this structure, a certain degree of difficulty, but the rules are also strong.

⑨ complement of the application

This is particularly hard for foreigners to understand, and is a repetitive practice that does not work well. But the Chinese are used almost daily, so it is the top priority. Such as “after dinner, eat it, run fast, well done, etc.” There are many kinds of complement, the result of complement, time complement … … Structure, practice, and more applications is the key to learning

⑩ Bǎ, bèi, gěi, jiào, ràng …

The application of these words is simply to foreigners catch urgently scratching his head, a little careless, “Bǎ” and “bèi” confused, “jiào” and “ràng” confused … … want to language Chinese, follow Chinese The way of expression is perfectly justified.

Read the above ten Chinese grammar, feel good Chinese level foreign friends please raise their hands!

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