Where do foreigners learn Chinese most difficult?


1. Pitch

A lot of people can distinguish between one two and three noises, alone no problem at all, one that will be out of balance urgently, and often a wrong word a few wrong string. Especially since many foreigners’ Chinese were taught by Taiwanese teachers before. Some of the original words and the whole sentence at the end of the sentence were a bit weird, and if the tone was unbalanced, it would feel like yin and yang.

2. Tense

Inflectional language like German is to use the deformation of the verb to reflect the tense, adhesive language with time to mention the word. However, modern Chinese does not have this “tense” of Western linguistics, but “aspect.” Chinese often uses words that represent time or grammatical aids to present tense. For example, today, yesterday, afternoon, just /, in, and so on.

When: I am eating;

Past tense: I have eaten;

In the past: I saw him at meal time yesterday.

I use the tense to give an example of a typical difference between inflectional and analytic language, because this is a better understanding for the Chinese, the difference embodied in Chinese and English is more obvious. Modern Chinese as a typical analytic language has no inflectional form, one two three four / the main grid, by the grid, grid, grid is exactly the same, and English and even French, Italian changes in morphology and verb form Has been greatly simplified, may not be able to realize the difference (for example, English has been simplified to now only the third person singular plus s this change).

3. Passive

Some passive situations in Chinese can be used to take the initiative to say that this is really a mistake for some very open friends, I see it once.

This building was built in 1867 / this building was built in 1867, will not say that this building was built in 1867.

4 complement

Anyway, is also some analysis of language pit, such as many foreigners tend to fill the head of the complement is the package, come, go, go up, down, back up, come out, come back, go down these verbs to indicate the movement direction, and tend to Complement and the central language without “too”

Come over, put in, take it out, go home, run home.

And some tend to use the verb extension, for example

Calm down for a long time;

He slowly strong up.

Let some friends a head two big.

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