# What is a numeral

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## What is a numeral?

The number of words is called a number. Numerals fall into two main categories:

1, cardinal words – the number of marked size.

Example: one, eleven, ten, one hundred, one thousand, million

2, the ordinal number – said the order, ordinal number of the basic representation is the base before the addition of “first.”

Example sentences: The first, the tenth, the one thousand one, the most prominent grammatical features of the nouns can be combined with the quantifiers, combined into a number of phrases.

### (A) “to” and “more”

1. Meaning: It means more than the number indicated by the preceding numeral, and it can be “more” than the number of the previous numeral; Used only for integers, “to” more for spoken.

2. Structure:

① nouns (ending in 0) + more / to + quantifiers (various quantifiers) + noun

For example: more than 20 days, more than 50 individuals, more than 30 vehicles, twenty days, fifty to individuals, ten thousand to pieces

② Numerals (1-9 at the end and 10) + quantifiers (continuous) + more / to + noun

For example: more than a month, more than a year, more than three hours, a month, three money, ten hours

3. When the number exceeds “one hundred thousand,” it is generally not in the million, behind the “coming”, but on the front. E.g:

Three hundred and thirty thousand people (wrong) Three hundred and thirty thousand(correct)

twelve hundred million population (correct)

4 “ten” and “more”, “to”

Ten + to / + + quantifiers + nouns

Example:

Ten hours = ten hours

Verb + ten + to / more + quantifiers

Example:

I said more than ten times

He has gone back and forth ten times

Explanation: Continuous measure words such as “kg”, “hour”, “year”, “month”, “day” and so on. The units of such quantifiers are composed of smaller units. Discontinuous quantifiers, can not be divided, such as “a”, “only”, “put” and so on.

### (B) “about”, “up and down” and “before and after”

Left and right:

Structure – several words + left and right

Conditions of use one by one that age, date.

When representing the approximate number of time, it can be used not only for the time but also for the time period, but it can not be used after the time noun after the time word is used.

Example:

About five years old (right) about three days (right) around the Spring Festival (wrong)

Time, the number of words that time period, the number of time and place vocabulary, but the time noun

Before and after:

Structure – quantifiers + before and after

Conditions of Use – Used only to indicate time. But only for the time, can not be used for the period.

Example:

Time before and after the Spring Festival (correct) before and after the 10th (correct)

Five months before and after (wrong) three days ago (wrong)

Up and down:

Structure – quantifiers + up and down

Conditions of use – more for age. For age, “up and down” generally applies to adults, while “around” can be used for all ages.

Example:

Up and down fifties (right) Up and down fifties (wrong)

## Special exercises

### (A) word fill in the blank

A 上下 B 左右 C 多 D 前后 E 来

1.昨天晚上来参加晚会的有三十人(   )。

2.上午早饭(    ),这里几乎没有客人。

3.他看起来五十岁(   )。

4.这个西瓜有4公斤(    )。

5.这些疏菜大概有14(    )斤重。

### (B) to determine the right and wrong and correct

1.他写完这本书,左右用了三十年。

_______________________

2.我觉得这个孩子大概九十岁。

_______________________

3.过一二天我就回来了。

_______________________

4.我跟她只见过一两次。没什么印象。

_______________________

5.考试只进行了一半个小时大家就写完了，看来考试很简单。

_______________________

### (C) conjunctions into sentences

1.我 只会 一两句 汉语 说

__________________

2.这次  得  三五  天  出差

__________________

3.书店  上个  我去  买了  十来  本书  星期

__________________

4.二十号  就回来了  左右  我

__________________

5.春节  超市里  前后  最  人  多

__________________

### (D) use the number to answer the question

1.你爷爷多大年纪了?

__________________

2.你们班有多少人?

__________________

3.这辆自行车多少钱?

__________________

4.一般刚出生的孩子多重?

__________________

5.什么时候去北京旅行最好?

__________________

### (E) choose the correct answer

1.周末图书馆看书的人很少，只有(   )

A 十五十六个人 B 十五六个人 C 十五六个左右人

D 十五个十六个人 E 十个五六人

2.他写这篇作文用了一个小时(   )

A 内外 B 左右 C 大概 D 上下 E 前后

3.这次旅行个(   )月就回来了，耽误不了正事。

A 个 B一 C 把 D 半 E 两

4.今天只来了(   )个人上课。

A 七个 B 八个 C 七八个 D 七个八 E 七八

5.以前，北京一般每个家庭都有(   )辆自行车。

A 两 B 二 C 俩 D 两个 E 二个

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